- ✓ Lilia curly
- ✓ Lilia Hanson
- ✓ Lily of the head
- ✓ Lily Tsetgoutauskaya
- ✓ Lilia double row
- ✓ Peculiarities of cultivating and care for lamborghini lignon
- ✓ Planting and transplanting lilies Marchon
- ✓ Top dressing lilies Marchon
- ✓ Shelter Marchon lilies for the winter
- ✓ Diseases and pests
- ✓ Bulb division
- ✓ Reproduction of Marchon by Scales
- ✓ Reproduction of lilies with leaves
- ✓ Reproduction of lilies by stems
- ✓ Varieties of lilies Marchon - photo
- ✓ Lilies martagon: planting and care - tips and reviews from summer residents
- ✓ Lilia Marchon on video (ital.)
Hybrid Marchon - planting and growing
Martagon hybrids look great in solitary planting, especially if nearby planted varieties of a close or, conversely, a contrasting color scheme. They are good in mixborders, against the background of conifers and shrubs with a homogeneous dark green or dark red foliage
Martagon hybrids are a relatively young group of varieties, the first of which appeared at the end of the XNUMXth century. They differ in medium-sized flowers collected in a racemose apical inflorescence. Petals are bent backward, in some species and varieties so strongly that the flowers resemble a turban or decorative flashlight. The range of color varieties is extremely diverse. Large stem leaves are collected in several whorls located one above the other.
A few words about the species that gave rise to these wonderful hybrids. Lilia curly, marigon or saranka (Lílium martagon), in nature is often found in forests, on the fringes, glades and mountain slopes in Europe and North Asia.
Bulb up to 8 cm in diameter, stems 30-150 cm in height. Broad-lanceolate leaves are collected in whorls according to 5-6. in the inflorescence, the leaves are smaller, are arranged alternately. Flowers are fragrant, up to 20 in the inflorescence, chalmoid, pinkish-lilac, with dark specks-"freckles." Blooms in June. The coloration of flowers in natural populations can vary from white to dark purple, almost black.
Lilia Hanson (Lílium hansonii) in nature is found in Korea. It grows in forests, along fringes and banks of rivers. It reminds the lily curly, but it differs by larger leaves. The petals are colored 8 yellow, with dark specks, somewhat wider than the locust, and only slightly curved back. Flowers are fragrant.
Reference by topic: Lily Marchon (photo) - grades of planting and care
Lily of the head
Lily medoidoid lily occurs in the Russian Far East, China and Korea. It grows in forests, on subalpine meadows. Less than the previous species (40-80 cm). Leaves lanceolate, in whorls. Inflorescence short, almost umbelliform. The flowers are chalmoid, odorless, from apricot to bright orange, with dark specks.
A group of varieties of lilies called Martagon Hybrids originate from Lilium martagon, Lilium hansonii, Lílium medeoloides, Lílium distichum and Lílium tsingtaense.
Tsingtaout lily, or Qingdao (Lílium tsingraense), grows forests of East China and Korea on calcareous soils. Like the previous species, it is less tall (up to 90 cm). Large lanceolate leaves are located in two whorls. Inflorescences are loose umbrellas from 6-15 looking up cup-shaped or star-shaped flowers with an unpleasant odor. Petals are orange or reddish-orange, with dark specks.
Lilia double row
Lilium distichum is found naturally in the Russian Far East, Northeast China, and Korea. It grows in forests, thickets of shrubs. Stems 50-120 cm in height. Large lanceolate leaves are collected in a single whorl, higher are smaller smaller alternate leaves. The racemose apical inflorescence consists of 2-10 flowers. Petals yellow-orange, with dark specks, slightly bent back, are located in the upper part of the peduncle and on the sides. Blossoms in July-August.
Peculiarities of cultivating and care for lamborghini lignon
In the lily garden, Marchagon prefer a semi-shaded, sheltered from the wind location. They feel best in the light shade of trees or large shrubs. This arrangement is optimal from the point of view of protection against spring morning frosts, which can cause damage to lilies that have begun to grow. The soil requires fertile, loose, with good drainage. Saranka and some of its varieties are undemanding to soil acidity, but most Marchagon hybrids prefer substrates with an alkaline reaction. They can be successfully grown on acidic soils by adding lime to the ground before planting and regularly in subsequent years.
Planting and transplanting lilies Marchon
The best time for planting and transplanting is from mid to late August, in warmer regions - until early September. Some gardeners argue that the most successful transplant is the Marchagon hybrids during flowering. Such experiments can be carried out with existing plantings, but it is unrealistic to buy flowering specimens with a bulb in a store.
Land for planting is prepared in advance, taking care of the drainage and adding lime if necessary. The depth of the closure depends on the size of the bulb. According to the rules, it should be equal to the height of three bulbs, put on each other. Affects the depth and type of soil. On light sandy soils, lilies are planted to a greater depth than on dense clayey soils. It should be noted that the locust bulbs planted too finely will quickly divide and give stems every year, but they will not blossom.
Top dressing lilies Marchon
During the spring-summer season, lilies need to be fed. The first top dressing is carried out in the spring, immediately after the snow melts, using mineral and organic nitrogen fertilizers.
Fresh mullein lily is harmful, it must be fermented or used by the swallowed. Lilies are very responsive to potash fertilizers, the best of which is wood ash. It is recommended to make it several times a season. Ash affects not only the quality of flowers, but also increases the resistance of plants to diseases.
In the budding stage, the second fertilizing is carried out with nitrogen fertilizers (ammonium nitrate). The third fertilizing, phosphoric-potash fertilizers, is carried out in July.
Shelter Marchon lilies for the winter
Martagons hybrids in the middle lane of Russia are recommended to be sheltered for the winter. Usually, dry foliage and spruce lapnik are placed on top of the peat layer. In spring, lapnika is removed as early as possible, so as not to cause curvature and damage to the growing stems. Peat can not be cleaned at all, only gently loosen.
Martagons hybrids begin to grow quite early and may suffer from spring frosts. Therefore, for the night of planting it is recommended to cover with a warm film until the danger of a temperature drop below zero is passed.
Diseases and pests
Martagon hybrids are somewhat more resistant to pests and diseases than other groups of varieties of lilies. They are not affected by viral diseases. Danger is represented by fungal infections: gray rot, fusariosis, rust, penicillosis. To prevent bulbs before planting, and plants in the spring, at the beginning of the growing season, it is recommended to treat with fungicides. Of the pests, the greatest harm is caused by the beetle larvae of the onion leaf beetle and the caterpillar of the potato scoop. You can fight them by spraying decis plantations.
Vegetative propagation of marchagon hybrids, like all other lilies, has a number of ways. The simplest and most common of them is the independent division of adult bulbs. As they grow, the underground organs of lilies form a whole "nest", which can be easily divided during transplantation.
Reproduction of Marchon by Scales
Almost all lilies perfectly reproduce onion scales. They can be taken in both autumn and spring, but it is more practical to combine scaling with a transplant. For reproduction, healthy large scale scales are suitable. They are washed in a dark pink solution of potassium permanganate and slightly dried. Then pour with sand or crushed sphagnum moss and put in small plastic bags, which are tightly knotted and stored in a dark place at a temperature of 18-20 ° C. A month and a half later, small bulbs form at the base of the scales. After that, the scales can be planted in the ground (with a spring fence) or in a box with the earth (in the autumn).
Reference by topic: Lilies - purchase, storage planting (photo)
Reproduction of lilies with leaves
Lilies can be propagated by leaves. For this, during budding, you need to tear off several leaves with a base ("heel").
They are planted in a pot in an inclined position, deepening to half. On the pot on top you need to put on a plastic bag and grab a rubber band.
The soil is moist, the plantings are ventilated. After a while in the base of the leaves small bulbs are formed. They can be left to spend the winter in the garden, digging the pot of 8 earth and properly covered up, or stored on the non-freezing loggia. In spring young bulbs are planted in the ground.
Reproduction of lilies by stems
Reproduction of lilies with stems is used both in spring and in autumn. In the spring, you need to carefully separate the stem from the bulb, before digging it out.
In autumn, the stem is just gently pulled from the ground (the bulb usually remains in place). Stems immediately need to be planted in a greenhouse or bed, beforehand putting on their base shallow longitudinal incisions (this increases the number of bulbs that form). In a month and a half on the stem young bulbs are formed.
- Caring for the Marchon hybrids is simple. The soil next to the curtains should be kept free of weeds. It is not recommended to loosen it, so as not to damage superficially situated over-chubby roots.
- To preserve soil moisture, use mulch. Lilies develop better on moist soil, so if the weather is dry and hot, they need watering. It is especially important in the first half of summer and after flowering.
Varieties of lilies Marchon - photo
Lilies martagon: planting and care - tips and reviews from summer residents
Lily martagon with character
I was convinced by experience: planting bulbs of this lily is very important in time - from mid-August to mid-September. The first time she planted her bulbs in the spring. After that, one of the sprouts then appeared, and for a little while - they disappeared, and the second one did not germinate at all.
For winter, I do not hide the landing, only mulch the earth, mixed with chopped straw.
After this spring, with frosts, the bushes on which the spunbond threw blossomed well, but for those that were not covered, the leaves below turned brown and withered. Neither active growth, nor flowering ...
One more conclusion: it is necessary to plant it immediately to a permanent place. The lily of Marchon does not like transplanting. After planting, the shoot on the surface of the earth can appear only after a year - when the necessary number of roots will grow.
I can not agree with the florists who recommend choosing a sunny place for these lilies. In the spring of 2012, a variety bulb was planted Arabian Night. It blossomed for the first time in 2014 year. The next year was divided, and on the surface there were already four shoots. Now their 11. It grows in the shade. But the bulbs of other varieties that grow in the sun, for three years did not multiply. This year they fell under frost and did not blossom at all.
Planted deeply (three-height bulbs) - then they give a high shoot (80-150 cm) and form stem stem. The soil was deeply digested and added compost, sand, because we had loam, and threw a handful of mineral fertilizers. In the spring, fed a complex mineral fertilizer with a predominance of nitrogen, in the summer - infusion of mullein, after flowering - a complementary mineral fertilizer with a predominance of phosphorus and potassium.
© Author: Anastasia Oleshkevich. Photo by Zoya NOVIKOVA
Lilia Marchon on video (ital.)
© Author: Marina Novoselova Photo by Yuri Roskov
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