- ✓ Crowned Narcissus
- ✓ Large Daffodil Daffodils
- ✓ Tubular
- ✓ Melkoronchchatye daffodils
- ✓ Double daffodils
- ✓ Cyclamenoid
- ✓ Jonquillium daffodils
- ✓ Tacetovidnye
- ✓ Triandrous Narcissuses
- ✓ Poetic Daffodils
- ✓ Species forms pseudonarcissa, narcissus cyclamenous
- ✓ Crowned Daffodils
- ✓ In the garden
- ✓ Purity of the flower
- ✓ Daffodils - care
- ✓ Feeding
Daffodils - groups and species diversity
Narcissus made me admire the whole world. About 700 scientists in the Netherlands, England, New Zealand, Australia, the USA, Canada are working on the creation of new varieties. The number of varieties and hybrids exceeded 30 thousand. On hundreds there is an account to novelties in collections of flower growers
The shape of the daffodil flower was reminded to breeders of an orchid, some to a butterfly, so the varieties were divided into two subgroups: orchid-shaped and butterfly-shaped. The crown of their flowers is split. There are daffodils and with different coloration of the perianth crowns, many of which are pink. All of them are very picturesque, they will decorate the shore of a pond or a decorative pool. Cyclamenoid and triandrus daffodils are good for rocky gardens, alpine slides.
Abundance of varieties required classification according to the shape of flowers. And they were broken into 11 main groups of daffodils:
Large Daffodil Daffodils
Ice Follis, Tigantik Star, Karaton, Pink Valentine, Professor Einstein, Raspberry Ring, Salome, Cioren.
They differ in the size of the flower and the bract. Crown (tube), they are slightly shorter, but still not less than 1 / 3 of the length of the perianth, but, as a rule, wider.
Birzheba, Dutch Master, Tolden Harvest
They have single flowers with a tube of the same length with perianth segments or slightly longer than them. Height of peduncles 15-45 see
Barret Browning, Rock Ol, Epricot, Sensation
They have single flowers with a cup. The length of the crown is less than 1 / 3 the length of tepals. Height of peduncles 30-45 see. Among the varieties of this group are a lot of pure white, there are also with a red or orange crown.
Ice King, Apotheosis, Gay Challenger, Double Fashion, Modern Art, Pink Paradise, White Marvel, Cirfulnes.
Very unusual and decorative. Leaflets of the perianth are located in the 2-4 circle, the height of the peduncles from 15 to 45,
Jetfire, Tet-a-Tet, Jenny.
They have drooping, as a rule, single flowers with a long crown-tube and strongly protruding petals. Height of peduncles 15-25, see Varieties of this group, as a rule, are used in pot culture and for creating curbs.
Suzy, Hillstar, San Disk
They are very fragrant flowers. On a peduncle with a height of 15-30 cm, there are usually several flowers with a short crown. The leaves are narrow.
Martha Washington, Teranium, Aspazia
With rounded petals of flowers and a short crown. On a peduncle with a height of 15-45 cm, several small flowers. Varieties are used mainly for forcing for Christmas.
Haver, Silver Hiring, Stoke
Carry on the peduncle several flowers with curled petals. Height of peduncles
15-45 see all of them are suitable for growing in room conditions and for forcing.
Actaea, Bonnie Maria, Milan
Perhaps the most fragrant, but 1 and the latest daffodils bloom until the end of May - beginning of June. Their flowers are solitary with snowy white petals and a short corrugated fringed red border. Peduncle height 30-45 cm.
Species forms pseudonarcissa, narcissus cyclamenous
This group includes all wild species of daffodils, used mainly in breeding. Most of them, thanks to their small growth (no more than 30 cm) and the original shape of the flower look great on the Alpine hills.
Belkanto, Orangerie, Mondragon, Soverein
The youngest, fashionable group of varieties obtained only in the 70-80-s of the XX century. Thanks to the original, variedly colored crown, they are very beautiful.
In the garden
Daffodils will show themselves in all their glory against the backdrop of evergreen conifers, where they are planted with motley heaps of 9-11 pieces of one variety. Next to the colorful hyacinths, they will create a bright joyful group in the garden, and against the background of the blooming snow-white foam of the Caucasian Arabis they will look like a simpler natural composition. Near the lawn, strewn with blue forget-me-nots, daffodils will become a real "rustic" flower.
Among the barely penetrating crimson-purple shoots of peonies, the daffodils look great, in addition the peonies that have grown to summer leafs will cover the yellowing leaves of the daffodils. For such a landing, select the trendy Terry Group varieties, preferably with a gentle palette of lemon, peach and pink tones, and cover the soil with fine pebbles.
Purity of the flower
The joy of blossoming flowers is often overshadowed by droplets of mud on petals, hooliganously inflicted by rain.
To avoid this, cover up the planting with coniferous litter, chopped bark or cedar nuts with a layer of 3-4, see. Mulch with a layer of 10 cm is able to protect bulbs from frost-resistant species from freezing, but in the spring some of it needs to be removed. An alternative may be planting ground cover plants with a superficial root system, such as Arendse saxifrages, acrid scum, daffodils with the clove of Olwood, and with saxifrage shadow.
Growing daffodils - note to the grower
You can not make fresh dung under the daffodils.
This organic fertilizer attracts a pest of this crop - a daffodil fly. You can save daffodils from her by planting carrots between them in early spring - the fly does not tolerate its smell.
When leaves appear, daffodils are sprayed against the pest and mulch the soil with peat - the fly does not lay eggs on it.
Bulbs of narcissus can be damaged by nematodes and onion mites.
Sometimes plants suffer from fungal (fusariosis, sclerotinia) and viral (mosaic) diseases.
A radical remedy against these misfortunes is to burn the bulb. But if the variety is expensive and valuable, try to save the plant: pickled onions in the solution of Inta-Vira, foundationazole.
Daffodils - care
For many years, plants can bloom without transplantation until they form a whole colony of bulbs that depress each other. Then they should be dug up, divided and planted.
Soil with the addition of river sand, well perepredevshe manure, humus and nitrofoski (60 g / m2).
The best time for planting is August-September, at which time they take root well.
Depth of embankment: usually 15-20 see
Distance: via 10-12, see
After the appearance of the leaves, nitroammophos (30 g / mg) is applied or complex fertilizer Fertik (1 spoon per 10 L of water) is used.
In the phase of the flower stem, nitric and potassium fertilizers are fed.
During flowering - phosphorus-potassium fertilizers.
© Author: Natalia Himina, flower collector
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