Iris Germanic: violet root
The "progenitor" of many varieties of bearded irises popular today is German Iris.
It was grown for the sake of rhizomes, from which they received very expensive essential oil and crushed medicinal powder with the fragrance of violets (therefore the rhizome of iris is also called the violet root).
Herbaceous plant with a height of 60-120 cm with a powerful creeping rhizome
Flat, gray-green. xiphoid form, end pointed
Bisexual, single. dark purple, yellow at the base with brown-veined veins FETUS
Box; ripens in August
Many lovers are sure that the cultivation of irises is a complex process, so they abandon these plants. And it is completely in vain: iris is quite unpretentious, and in addition it has medicinal properties.
Nuances of planting the German iris
You can plant irises both in spring and autumn, and even in summer after flowering. The main thing is not to forget to transplant plants every 3-4 years. For planting, divert open sunny places with well-drained soils.
The distance between plants is 30 cm, between rows - 60-70 cm, the depth of planting of rhizomes is 8-10 cm (with a deep planting, iris will either disappear or will not bloom).
A wide range of
Iris Germanic at one time was very popular, but today it is grown as a food, spicy, medicinal, perfume, honey and ornamental plants.
Iris flowers from May to June; At the same time 2-z flowers bloom; flowering usually lasts from 1 to 5 days
FACT: EXCEPT IRIS GERMAN. Violet root called more 2 species: IRIS FLORENTISKY AND IRIS WAN (They are also related to food plants).
Iris as a Food - Cooking Use
Fragrant dry rhizomes come into food. They are ground into flour, which is added to baking (gingerbread, cookies, etc.). Along with rosemary rhizomes - spicy spice for fish dishes. As well as a pleasant aroma of strong and honey drinks, kvass.
Flowers can be added to the jam.
For treatment, rhizomes are used (see table). Dig them from the end of August to October. Washed with cold water. Cut into pieces 2-5 cm long and dried at a temperature of + 40 ... + 60 degrees. It is better to grind them later in a coffee grinder and store the dry powder in a hermetically sealed glass jar (preferably no more than 2 years).
In cosmetology and perfumery. Crushed dried up rhizomes of iris can be used as a dry shampoo, powder, a fixer for the sachet and for flavoring the laundry.
Washing the decoction of the violet root smoothes the skin, whitens and cleans it, makes it soft and silky, and rinsing the hair strengthens them and helps to get rid of dandruff. Beauty in the flowerbed.
It is believed that German iris is slightly inferior in beauty to its "descendants" - "bearded" varieties, nevertheless it will cope with the role of the spring accent, effective in group or curb planting at home, in mixborders, along the tracks.
Do not feed irises with organics — they do not like her.
The best nutrition - mineral fertilizers in liquid form.
Reference by topic: Irises - Species
HEALING PROPERTIES OF IRIS GERMAN
Angina and stomatitis
1 tsp powder crushed dry rhizomes pour 300 ml of boiling water, boil over low heat under the lid 5-7 minutes. Insist in warm for about two hours. Strain. Gargle and throat with angina and stomatitis.
Iris from heel spurs
Fresh roots of iris to pass through a meat grinder, pour vodka (1: 1). Insist in a dark place 2 a week (shake). Strain. Dampen the gauze bandage and attach it to the heels at night, fixing with a plastic wrap. In the morning, wash the heels and apply petroleum jelly. Repeat the procedure until the spur completely disappears.
© Author: Lyudmila ULEYSKAYA, Cand. Biol. science
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- Irises Siberian (photo): cultivation and care
- How I grow bearded irises on the site - planting and dividing
- German Iris (photo) - planting and care
- Wintering irises in an apartment
- Bearded irises - growing care and some varieties
- Siberian irises: varieties, planting and care
- Dwarf bearded irises (photo) planting and care: questions and answers
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