Cultivation of pepper: subtleties and rules
Very useful and not very simple in the pepper cultures sweet in a temperate climate and even to the south it is recommended to grow through sprouts
The fact is that pepper does not have a limited period of fruiting (in contrast, for example, from tomatoes). The whole season, as long as the weather permits, it will form fruit. For this reason, the earlier you sow, the more you "reap", that is, the more fruits you can get for the warm summer time (in the open ground) or for the period while you can grow peppers in the greenhouse.
Seeding of pepper and sprouting
As a substratum for seeding pepper seeds, it is desirable to use a ready seedlings mixture. Immediately after sowing, the soil should be compacted and shed. Sowing tanks covered with a film, before germination.
Seedlings of pepper should not have a lack of moisture in the soil. Watering should be carried out as the soil dries up.
In the first days after the shoots, sprouts should be watered in a sparse mode - after 2-3 days to prevent over-moistening (from excess moisture the plants can get a "black leg").
After 10-15-day-old age, when plants will be able to absorb more water, due to the increase in leaf size, you can gradually introduce daily watering.
Age of seedling pepper for landing in the ground -50-55 days from emergence. Plants grown from such "right" seedlings will yield more crops than those grown from seedlings of a smaller age.
The optimal temperature for seed germination is 24-28 -'C, for the development of young plants - 21-27.
Care of pepper seedlings
Seedlings regularly, beginning with the phase 1-2 of the real leaves, are fed three times, with an interval of 10-12 days. At 10 l of water - 15-20 g of ammonium nitrate, 15 g of potassium sulfate and 30 g of superphosphate. You can use specialized fertilizers for seedlings.
Hardening is started for 2-3 weeks before planting the seedlings on a permanent place in the open ground: they limit watering and lower the temperature (airing) during the day to 20 ° С
For 2-3 days before planting seedlings in the soil, for prevention, plants can be sprayed with approved pesticides plus fungicide (from fungal diseases, for example fusariosis).
Such treatment will well protect young plants that find themselves in new conditions. Processing of seedlings should be carried out outdoors, in warm, but cloudy weather.
The fruits of sweet peppers are mostly prismatic (they are the largest with thick succulent walls) and conical.
By color, they are classified into red, yellow, brown, purple, orange.
There is also pepper with the fruits of midi, that is, medium-sized. In addition, sweet pepper has varieties that resemble sharp varieties - with elongated, elongated fruits.
Usually such pepper is grown for consumption in pickled form in a number of national cuisines.
Pepper, planted in the ground, feed 2-3 once a season with fertilizers that do not include chlorine.
Once a season, a fertilizer containing magnesium should be added. The roots of pepper are not too powerful, In addition, plants react painfully to mechanical damage to the roots, because of which they can even get fusariosis.
All this to the fact that the first fertilizing should be given at a distance from the plant within 20-25 cm. Then, as pepper grows up, the distance can be shortened.
In strong heat, peppers should be watered daily. The basic need for water is from mid-July to August. Do not allow excess water in the greenhouse. Because of the oversaturated moisture of the air в greenhouse plants can dump flower buds or there will be no pollination, and the crop will decrease.
Pepper generally does not like when moisture gets on its leaves. Irrigation is carried out only in the basal space, but not too close to the stem. To protect the roots from overheating and preserve moisture, beds with pepper plantings can be wrapped up.
Many dangerous viral diseases of pepper, which can not be cured, carry sucking insects. To avoid losses, we must try not to have pests on the pepper (remove the weeds, after the end of the season, handle the construction of the greenhouse with special permitted means, fight pests).
From planting seedlings to harvesting in early ripening varieties, about 7-8 weeks pass. Harvest, gently cutting each fruit with a pruner or garden scissors, keeping the pedicle length 2-3 cm.
This will avoid infection of plants with infection through wounds that can be left on the stem, if you just tear off the fruit by hand. The fruits lie at a temperature of the order of 12-15 "C for two weeks.
In a temperate climate, it is better to grow pepper under a film - in a greenhouse or at least under a cover material, fixed to arcs
Reference by topic: Sweet pepper - a few practical tips for growing
The so-called paprika is a crushed dry sweet red pepper. Use this workpiece can be in different dishes - as a vitamin seasoning. For its preparation, rinse the fruit, remove seeds and septums. Cut into small thin slices.
At 3 minutes lower in hot water, quickly choose, let the water drain. Cover the parchment with parchment, spread the pepper. Dry in a slightly open oven at 50 ° C. Turn over from time to time. Dried peppers can be chopped in a coffee grinder and corked in dry clean jars.
© Author: E.Bulkina. Photo of the author.
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