How to grow cauliflower in the open ground
Untimely feeding, lack of moisture - and now instead of the expected large dense heads in cauliflower, not only do they grow small, but also "rassypuhi." Broms of this is not permissible!
Annual spring or winter plant.
Instead of a head, it forms a head of white, green, light green, yellow, purple, lilac or orange in weight from 300 g to 4 kg (depending on the variety), which is cut before it blossoms.
The best predecessors: potatoes, cucumbers, onions, tomatoes and all legumes. You can not plant cauliflower after turnip, radish, radish and rutabaga.
Optimal dates for planting cauliflower depend on the variety: seedlings of early and early ripening varieties are planted from late April to mid-May, mid-ripening - from late May to mid-June, late-ripening - from early to mid-July.
1. Before planting the seedlings, the soil is dug by dressing the fertilizers: 500 g wood ash, 50 g superphosphate, 40 g urea, 2,5 kg of humus or well perepredvshego manure on 1 sq.m.
2. It is better to plant cabbage in the evening or in cloudy weather during the day. To protect against diseases and pests, roots before planting are dipped in a solution of clay and mullein (in equal parts).
3. Based on the variety, the wells are made according to the scheme: for early and early ripening varieties - 60 × 30 cm, mid-ripening and late varieties - 70 × 35 cm. 50-70 g of wood ash or 1 tablespoon are added to each well. any mineral fertilizer, after which 1 liter of water is poured.
4. Seedlings are planted so that the apical bud remains on the surface. After planting, the land is compacted with hands, watered (1 L of water per plant) and mulched with dry soil.
After 15 days, the plants are hilled to a height of 6-8 cm.
Watering of cauliflower
Over the entire period of growth, cabbage is watered five times, spending on 1 sq. M. Two buckets of water. Such voluminous watering (they are necessary for the formation and tying of the head) alternate with small refreshing watering in the heat (1 -2 l per plant) and spraying in the heat. On the next day after watering, the soil is loosened to a depth of 1-2 cm, so that a crust does not form.
TIP: Seedlings should be powdered with tobacco dust after sprinkling, after sprinkling the leaves with water (this will scare away the cabbage fly), and after the first 2-3 days shade (for better survival) with twigs, burdock leaves, paper, etc.
Top dressing of cauliflower
First time - after 7-9 days after disembarkation: 20 g nitrofoski and 0,5 l solution Mullein diluted in 10 l water and consumed 0,8 l per plant.
After 14 days, when the head starts to tie, give the same composition, but watered already on 1 l. Also during this period, fertilizing with ammonium molybdate (0,1 g per 1 L of water) is useful - according to 1 l per 1 sq.m.
After 12 days after the second spend a third additional dressing: 40 g nitrofoski on a bucket of water - according to 1 l per plant.
There are also unscheduled fertilizing. If the leaves of cauliflower brightened (not enough nitrogen) - add ammonia nitrate (25 g), turn blue (phosphorus deficiency) - add superphosphate (15 g). These fertilizers are dissolved in water (10 L) and watered under the bush, not getting on the plants. Usually 1-2 treatments are sufficient with an interval of 10-12 days.
Cauliflower often affects powdery mildew. At the first signs of illness 1-2 plants are treated according to the instructions with Zircon. On the acidic and moist soils there is a cabbage keel. Then all the affected plants are removed from the site, and the ground is spilled with a solution of Phytosporin (10mg per 1 L of water, per 2 L per 1 sq.m).
Pests of cauliflower
From cabbage fly and cruciferous fleas helps the treatment of plants with infusion of garlic: pour a glass of chopped denticles 5 l of water, insist 24 hours, add 50 g of laundry soap, strain and sprinkle cabbage, spending on each plant for 0,3 l.
TIP: To prevent cauliflower heads from becoming loose, they are shaded. The simplest option is to break the side leaves and connect them over the head. You can cover the head with clean paper or burdock leaves.
Ascorbic acid in cauliflower is 2-3 times more than in white-garlic: only 50 g of cauliflower can provide a daily vitamin C for a person.
The structure of cauliflower is more delicate, it has little coarse fiber, so it does not irritate the mucous membrane of the stomach, it is easier to digest and assimilated by the body.
Fresh juice of cauliflower helps to heal stomach ulcers, they rinse their mouth with inflammation of the gums.
In 1 art. fresh cauliflower juice add 2 tsp. sugar, drink on 0,5 st. twice a day. Cough. Mix in 0,5 art. cabbage and carrot juice, add 1 tsp. sugar, drink on 3-4 st.l. during the day.
WHY DOESN'T HARVEST COLORED Cabbage
Sometimes gardeners fail to grow full-fledged cauliflower. There may be several reasons: these are mistakes in agricultural technology, and the lack of molybdenum, which is very necessary for the vegetable, albeit in a small amount. The biological characteristics of this culture should also be considered.
Cauliflower is very nutritious. Its protein is well absorbed by the body. It contains a high amount of essential amino acids that are not found in other vegetables. And in terms of vitamin C content, it weighs its white-celled “relative” 2-3 times.
Love does not love
Cauliflower is quite finicky. Its roots are located close to the soil surface, therefore, sharp fluctuations in temperature and humidity adversely affect the development of the plant. It sharply reacts to a lack of nutrients, grows poorly on skinny soils, in the shade, and does not tolerate a dry wind. She needs two times more nutrients than white. A balanced diet of macro- and microelements contributes to good leaf growth and the formation of larger heads.
With a lack of boron in the soil of cauliflower, heads darken, a lack of magnesium leads to a hollow of the stump. If there is not enough molybdenum, the leaves are deformed, and the head does not form at all. Cauliflower does not tolerate potash fertilizers containing chlorine.
The plant is demanding on soil fertility. On the poor, you won’t get a big head. In order for the cauliflower crop to be high, the site must be well seasoned with semi-rotted manure or full mineral fertilizer.
Like other types of cabbage, cauliflower is hygrophilous and yet undemanding to heat and lighting. The optimum temperature for its growth is -17-20 degrees. But when the heat reaches a 30-degree mark, the head of the cauliflower does not have time to form. It is either expelled in the form of a panicle, or inflorescences do not appear at all. Therefore, you should not focus on harvesting in July, as this is usually the hottest month.
On a hot summer day, a well-developed plant evaporates to a bucket of water. Therefore, cauliflower needs regular hydration. In dry weather, even a week-long break in irrigation makes it difficult to tie heads. But she also does not like swamping.
In the southern regions, where the temperature in the summer often stays well above 30 degrees, it is better to harvest cauliflower in spring or autumn.
The cause of failure may be the wrong choice of seeds. Be sure to pay attention to the variety and sowing time. Do not sow early and late varieties at one time. Seeds of early varieties - Movir-74, Warranty, Early Alpha, Snow globe - are sown for seedlings in early March, so that in mid-June, before the onset of intense heat, to get a crop. But if the temperature rises above 25 degrees, the heads will quickly crack, so they will need to be assembled.
Seeds of late varieties must be sown until mid-April in order to get a crop in August-September. In early autumn, when the nights are already cool, head development is slower, but it turns out to be much larger than in the early varieties.
Studies have shown that the use of cauliflower can prevent cell damage and thereby the appearance of tumors, especially the mammary gland in women and the prostate in men.
© Author: Iosif V. VOYTYUK, Tatarstan, Kazan
Growing cauliflower - video
© Author: Nikolai CHROMOV, Cand. s-h Sciences, Love Zaitseva, herbalist, Adygea
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