Oregano and marjoram (photo) - differences and difference in planting and care
What is the difference between oregano and marjoram
Marjoram (Origanum majorana) and common oregano (Origanum vulgare) are closely related and belong to the genus Dusitsa, which includes more than 40 species. However, often a plant of one species is sold under different names.
Do not escape this fate and our spicy heroes: oregano can often be seen on the shelves called marjoram, and vice versa. Some even believe that this is the same plant. And they are completely mistaken!
So, if you are eager to expand your collection of fragrant species, we recommend that you first familiarize yourself with the botanical names of different species and focus on buying them. Let's “find 5 differences” between marjoram and oregano.
Marjoram is a true southerner. He needs a lot of heat - much more than oregano. Actually, that is why in our latitudes perennial is grown only as an annual. As an option: cuttings can be cut from the plant, root them and leave indoors for the winter.
Well, the ordinary oregano grows in the wild almost throughout the territory of our vast homeland, is enduring and well wintered without any shelter. However, this applies to the local spicy grass.
In many, especially southern countries, there are regional subspecies of oregano, and they all have a completely different flavor.
See also: Oregano (photo) - planting and care, use of the plant
These representatives of the flora are as warm-loving as the marjoram, and in our latitudes are not able to winter in the open ground.
If desired, they can be dug up in autumn, transplanted into pots and brought to a bright room. Except that Greek oregano (Origanum vulgare subsp. hirtum) can winter in the garden. By the way, if you are looking for oregano seeds, pay attention to the fact that it is often sold under the trade name "Oregano".
What unites the oregano with marjoram is that the characteristic taste and smell of these herbs only get in an absolutely sunny place. Pasha, the local oregano, feels fine in the penumbra, but here it grows more like a lovely soil-plant, but there is very little accumulation of essential oils in it.
All representatives of the genus Oregano feel fine on small soils, and with an excess of nutrients, on the contrary, they grow worse and often suffer from fungal diseases. In the spring, it is enough to add compost to the garden - this food is enough for the entire summer season.
The lack of "food" can be diagnosed by the color of the lower leaves: if they turn yellow, then the plants are starving. In this case, add a little liquid organic fertilizer to the water for irrigation or fill in a little horn flour with rakes in the soil around the bushes. Watering herbs should only be in severe drought.
To prepare dishes you can tear whole shoots or just leaves. Want to dry the spicy herbs for future use? In July, on the eve or during flowering, cut the twigs at 5 cm above the soil level and spread in a shady, well-ventilated place.
Dwarf oregano (Origanum vulgare) 'Compactum' grows in the form of a compact bush and blooms from July to September.
The best varieties and types of oregano and marjoram
1. Italian oregano (Origanum x majoricum), a hybrid of oregano and marjoram, borrowed winter hardiness from “mother” and spicy-sweet aroma of “father”.
2. One-year-old marjoram (Origanum majorana) it is good in meat dishes, as well as in vegetable dishes.
3. Turkish oregano (Origanum onites) 'French' calmly transfers short-term frosts to -5.
4. Mexican oregano (Poliomintha longrflora) fascinates with pink-red tubular flowers and long flowering.
5. Greek oregano (Origanum heracleoticum) becomes as aromatic as possible only when heated, so do not overdo it by adding it to the dishes.
6. Oregano (Origanum vulgare) 'Thumbles Variety' with bright yellow leaves grows well and in an openwork shadow.
See also: Marjoram (photos) planting and care
Planting marjoram and oregano - photo
1. By sowing marjoram begin in May (the temperature for seed germination is -18-20X). In this case, they need only be lightly sprinkled with sand (sprout under light!).
2. Later, the seedlings in groups of 3 5 copies are transplanted into separate pots, otherwise the plants begin to displace each other.
3. In the place sheltered from the wind, the majorana has powerful shoots. Plant seedlings in the open ground can be after 10 June.
4. Oregano is less sensitive to cold. Its pink-red flowers exude a strong spicy aroma, and the smell of fresh leaves is more moderate.
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Majorana hortensis, syn. Origanum majorana - long perennial shrub, in the culture - an annual herbaceous plant from the family Yakovtotkovye.
From Arabic its name translates as incomparable. It is not for nothing that it is highly appreciated by folk healers, culinary specialists, and cosmetologists.
Small seeds of marjoram garden are sown superficially. As a substrate, it is better to use soil mixture for seedlings. The crops are covered with glass, a transparent bag or tightened with food film, leaving a gap. Place in a warm place (optimal temperature 120-25 degrees) in indirect sunlight. Observe the moisture content of the soil. Shoots to open dry air are accustomed gradually. Further care consists in watering and loosening.
SUMMER the pot with a marjoram can be rearranged to an open balcony, to a loggia.
Subsequently, it is better to propagate a plant vegetatively by division, and it is easier, and easier.
ONE-YEAR OR MULTI-YEAR
Marjoram can be grown both in one-year, and long-term (4-5 years) culture. In the first case, after cutting green (the period before cut-off is 50-60 days), the plant is discarded. In the second - in winter, marjoram is kept in a cold room with a temperature of + 7-10 deg., Watering is reduced.