Young beets are eaten already in July-August, but the main harvest is harvested in September before the onset of frost. And by properly preparing the root crops for harvesting and storage, you can save them until a new crop.
Among the basic requirements for beets is not only its size, but also the taste: who likes rough-baked unsweetened roots? To make the beets grow delicious, you need proper care.
Beetroot is particularly demanding for moisture at the beginning of the growing season and during the growth of root crops. However, in three weeks or at least behind the soil, so that there is sufficient air access to the roots. If root crops strongly protrude from the earth, they are hilled.
It is necessary and thinning, because When thickened sowing root crops are tied badly.
For better development, beets are fed after the first thinning: 5 g of ammonium nitrate, 7 g of ammonium sulfate, 10 g of superphosphate and potassium salt per 1 sq. M or any complex fertilizer is applied. The second feeding is in 20-25 days (the same fertilizers in one and a half doses). Useful feeding with wood ash (3 tbsp. Per 1 sq. M), which also reduce the acidity of the soil.
And directly for sugar, closer to cleaning, many spill the garden with a solution of table salt: 1 tsp. on 10 l of water.
Do not allow the beetroot to outgrow: roots with a diameter of more than 10 cm are worse in keeping and taste. The large beet is more fibrous, its flesh is often loose, the color is lighter in color than the norm for this variety.
TIP: If there is a lack of boron, the beets die of growth points and cores rot. To prevent this from happening, just once in the 4-5 leaf stage, spray the plants with 0,1% boric acid solution (1 g per 1 L of water).
See also: Growing and cleaning of beets
Beets can be harvested when the leaves begin to fade, but always before the onset of frost, because frozen root crops are poorly stored. Damaged specimens also will not "survive" until spring, so it is important to dig out the beets carefully - prying them with a pitchfork and pulling the tops, and do not knock down the soil from root crops with blows against each other, but clean them with your hands.
After digging the tops from root crops are twisted or cut with a sharp knife at a distance of 2-4 cm from the head. The bottom root is not removed. Beets are not dried - it will be worse stored. In dry weather, root crops are left in the garden for 1-2 hours, and then they are taken to a prepared storage facility. Damaged root crops are immediately sorted and eaten first.
Beets - good and bad
Beetroot juice is useful for hypertension and atherosclerosis, increases the level of hemoglobin. But one must be careful - when taking fresh juice, a spasm of blood vessels may occur. Therefore, at first they defend it for 2-3 hours and only then drink it. The best option is to mix with the juice of radish and carrots (1: 1: 1).
Regular use of beets helps to remove radiation and salts of heavy metals from the body.
Roots contain a lot of iron, so beetroot is useful for the treatment of anemia, favorably affects the work of the kidneys and liver.
Diseases in the storage of beets
Develops in the presence of mechanical damage, especially at elevated temperature and humidity at the beginning of storage. Affected root crops become soft, they develop white mycelium.
Carefully disinfect the vault before laying the crop. When sorting, the frozen root crops should be discarded. In the initial period of storage to maintain a fairly low temperature.
See also: Beet for the winter (podzimnius sowing)
Even when harvesting on the top of the root crops, dry rot is noticeable, which, when cut, looks like a dark brown stain. When storing the spots becomes more and more.
To prevent beet days for 20 before harvesting, spray 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid. Slow down the development of the disease after harvesting can be by lowering the temperature in the vault.
© Author: Maria Maksimenko, Ph.D. Agricultural Sciences, Lilia SOKOLOVSKAYA. doctor - phyto therapist
Below other entries on the topic "Dacha and garden - with their own hands"
- Beet top dressing - folk remedies
- My secret to planting beets - sharing experience
- Growing and caring for beets - the best advice
- Fodder beet varieties - planting and cultivation
- Growing beets on sandy soil
- Rules for growing beets - the technology of sowing, care and harvesting
- When to clean and how to store beets
- Large beets and beetroot secrets
- Growing and cleaning of beets
- Beet planting patterns
Subscribe to updates in our groups and share.
Let's be friends!