Growing of chard-beet leaves
WE ARE MANDATORY WITH TABLET BEETS HAVE A CUTE RELATIVE - MANGOLD OR BEETS SHEET. THE TRUTH, ROOSE-BEAR THIS VEGETABLE DOESN'T BOUGHT - GROW IT FOR THE BATTLES, WHICH IS NOT ONLY EDITABLE, BUT AND EXTREMELY DECORATIVE ...
How does it happen?
It is accepted to distinguish Chamomile (stem) and leaf chard. The latter is also called chint-chard or roman cabbage. And both varieties due to breeders have many varieties, so the appearance of the culture can be different. On the market seeds are often found, but some varieties can also be purchased, for example 'Scarlet', 'Emerald', 'Mirage', 'Ruby', 'Svekman', 'Bride'.
Large, juicy petioles of leaf beet are green, purple, raspberry, pink, yellow, orange and even white or milky-silvery. Bright and elegant, they serve as decoration for planting, so the plant is often used in decorating decorative gardens. However, in flower gardens it will have to place.
The leaves of this unusual beet are also spectacular: relief, rich green with contrasting colored veins. And there are very exotic options: for example, in the variety 'Feurio' bright red petioles and maroon leaves, and variety 'MacGregor's Favorite' is distinguished by foliage of a blood-red color.
See also: Mangold: autumn planting and growing
How to grow chard
Like beet, chard is a biennial crop, propagated by seed. In the first year, a rosette of leaves is formed, and in the second, a tall peduncle with inconspicuous buds consisting of small greenish-white flowers. From the decorative point of view, the flowering chard is of no interest, it is of no interest from the food one, so they grow it as an annual, and in the second year only the plant from which they plan to receive seeds is left.
The soil must be loose, well-structured, fertile, neutral or slightly acidic. On acidic, waterlogged, dense, heavy soils, it is unlikely to grow leaf beet. When choosing a place for planting, note that a full crop can be obtained only with good lighting. On the other hand, chard is demanding for moisture, so in an open sunny area it is desirable to mulch the soil under the plants so that it does not dry out.
The recommended depth of embedding of seeds - 2 - 3, see. You can sow in line, but in order to row turned out to be even, uniform, more convenient to sow with nests, according to 3 - 4 seed per well. Emerged shoots thinned, leaving one (the strongest) plant in the nest. The distance between the holes depends on the variety and varies from 25 cm (usually for compact leaf varieties) to 40 cm (for tall petioled chard).
When it is better to plant leaf beets
The planting dates depend on the climatic conditions of the region, and on the purpose of planting. So, if you plant chard for beauty, it can be done in spring (dry seeds into the ground in April - early May or seedlings in May) or before winter (dry seeds in October - early November). This is a cold-resistant culture, and the subwinter crops produce strong early shoots.
If you want to use this useful vegetable in the diet, it is better to sow it in several terms - then all summer you will be with the harvest.
Usually, the latest sowing occurs at the beginning - mid-July: since 2 - 3 of the month passes before harvesting (leaf varieties ripen a little faster than petioles), it makes no sense to sow later. Chard seedlings are preferably grown in spring greenhouses and greenhouses: it is much more difficult to create suitable conditions on a windowsill. If there is no greenhouse, it is better to sow in the ground: home seedlings adapt worse, take root longer, which ultimately reduces to zero all potential benefits. Sowing on seedlings carried out for 35 - 45 days before the intended landing in the ground.
How to Use Leaf Beetroot
The taste and color, as you know, there are no comrades, and to understand if you are interested in chard as a food culture, you just have to try it. Someone likes it, someone leaves it indifferent.
Leaves are used in salads, omelets, added to soups. They make a filling for pies, they wrap cabbage rolls. Fresh petioles are usually not consumed fresh, but they can be boiled, stewed, fried, baked, prepared soups from them. Keep in mind that the taste of petioles is as varied as their color: red partly resembles beets, and light (white, yellow), rather, look like asparagus. However, I repeat: taste is really very subjective ...
But what is certainly so is the unsurpassed decorativeness of culture. In combination with unpretentiousness - just a godsend for the cottager! Bright chard may be an unusual accent of a flower garden, pleasing the eye until late autumn, but it does not require special care.
Of course, leaf beets are an indispensable attribute of the ornamental garden. If you have vegetables on the beds side by side with flowers, if you prefer mixed plants and are confident that the beauty of the crop is not a hindrance, then you will definitely like chard. It goes well with cabbage, carrots, leafy and headed salads, dill, parsley.
If you do not consider chard as a garden plant, it is possible that it will take root in your flower garden. Leaf varieties will look good in curbs. Powerful bushes with bright petioles will become the original addition of a flower bed or mixborder, where the leaf beet is successfully combined with begonias, ageratums, amaranth, ornamental cabbage, marigolds and other flowers.
Chard is also grown as a container culture - in the summer this composition will decorate the terrace or balcony, and at the end of the season the pot of plants can be taken home.
Chard is quite unpretentious. If you give him a comfortable place in the garden, then all the care during the season will be reduced to regular watering, weeding and periodic loosening of the soil, and if you mulch planting, the worries will be even less.
Mangold all year round
If you appreciated the taste and benefits of this vegetable, you probably will enjoy the opportunity to grow it on the windowsill in the cold winter. True, the hassle in this case will be a bit more: it is important to take care of good lighting, to select the temperature regime, to regularly feed the planting and to ensure that the soil in the pot does not dry out. By the way, the conditions for a winter greenhouse are ideally suited for forcing out, but few have such opportunities, so we'll stop at the room option.
It is best to plant several plants at once in a container - it is easier to bypass the problems of adaptation that are inevitable when the garden crops are moved to the premises. Choose a deep (at least 30 cm height) capacity. Drainage at the bottom is required. The care consists of regular watering, loosening of the soil, fertilizing with complex fertilizer at least twice a month (watch your pets - they will tell you if the proposed diet and menu suit them).
In summer, the pots can be taken out onto the balcony, loggia or terrace. Just do not forget that the plants grown in the apartment are very sensitive to the sun - they should be accustomed to new conditions gradually. At home, the southeast or southwest window would be the best place for a chard. In winter, additional lighting may be required.
Alternatively, use the chard growing on the beds for distillation. To do this, in the fall (in September), you need to dig it in the garden, cut the leaves and plant the roots in a loose nutrient substrate, be sure to make sure that the apical kidney is deepened. Water, provide good lighting, temperature + 20 ... + 25 ° С - and in a few days you will see young leaves, and after about a month you can take off the first crop. Caring for a distillation crop is the same as for plants that were originally planted in containers.
© Author: Marina Gerasimenko
MANGOLD - LANDING AND CARE: TIPS, REVIEWS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
MULTI-FUNCTIONAL, EXTRAZONE, IMPARTIAL MANGOLD
No, no, and a letter to this incomprehensible topic will be found in the editorial mail: why are the most useful (and very tasty!) Vegetables not finding a place for themselves on our summer cottages? Anyone who follows the author’s experience will not regret it.
Summer (oh, what a pity!) Is over, but there are so many memories, photos, and still full baskets, buckets and boxes of grown vegetables brought to the city from a summer house. Much has already been processed and rolled up in jars.
Agree, these are pleasant troubles, when, having rolled up our sleeves, we proceed to the rite in the kitchen. I have it all behind, so I had time to write a letter to my favorite magazine.
I would like everyone to remember and start growing such an undeservedly forgotten leaf vegetable like chard. He is unpretentious in leaving, does not require special attention, but so useful! It would seem that leaf beets - well, what is unusual in it? And how many dishes can be prepared from it!
I use chard widely.
Firstly, this is the earliest salad, since it sprouts from me self-seeding and appears before all other greens planted in early spring. The leaves are young, tender - incredibly delicious (photo 1)! Then, of course, when other salads (arugula, leaf mustard and other spring greens) grow up, I don’t add it to salads anymore: the leaves are rough. But here he finds use: but the cabbage is not yet ripe! Here are its leaves and go into the green spring-summer salads - with sour cream, it’s just a jumble! And if you add a young dill there too - it’s just great!
But time is running out, and cucumbers have ripened already, tomatoes and other garden joys are ripening. And he, chard, again came in handy! Even if you wrap cabbage rolls, at least prepare real eastern dolma - the leaves are wide, easily fold.
And I forgot to mention that this plant is biennial. In the first year - only leaves, in the second year a long stem is formed, on which the seeds ripen (photo 2, 3). I bend this stalk and leave it in the winter, the seeds are sifted - and it’s done, in the early spring, early greens.
The season will end - the chard and will serve in the winter: I freeze it (photo 4).
© Author: Larisa KALININA, St. Petersburg
WHAT IS A CHANG - VIDEO ABOUT PLANT
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