8 Review (s)

  1. Golina Fedorovna, Moscow region

    Now the plants in the garden need to be fed with nitrogen preparations. What is the difference between nitrogen in manure and nitrogen in mineral fertilizers?

    • OOO "Sad"

      - Manure is an organic product of the processing of grassy mass in the stomach of an animal. That is, it is organic, partially already processed. because of what it is more easily absorbed by plants. However, as a fertilizer, manure is far from the best option: it contains weed seeds, pathogens, hormones, antibiotics, etc.

      In mineral fertilizers, nitrogen can be present in two forms: ammonium and nitrate. It is preferable to use the nitrate form, especially in spring. In summer, you can also use ammonium, which is converted to nitrate only by soil microorganisms. The temperature of their vital activity is + 20-25 degrees, so in the spring they do not “work”, and ammonium nitrogen leaves with water in the subsoil horizon.

  2. Natalia Narovskaya, Pskov

    I got a vegetable garden two years ago. All plants give a huge amount of greenery, even potatoes with a height of 1,5 m, but I did not apply nitrogen fertilizers. I guess the problem is in the soil. What to do?

    • OOO "Sad"

      - The formation of many large greenery is a sign of the presence of a large amount of readily available nitrogen in the soil. This speeds up the growth of plants, but can damage the crops grown for storage - potatoes, onions, carrots, beets, radishes. It is also bad for wintering plants - apple trees, currants, strawberries, asparagus, perennial onions. With an excess of nitrogen, the ripening process is delayed, and the plants do not have time to prepare for winter. This means that in a cold and little snow they can freeze out.

      But some plants on overfed soil like it (cucumbers, cabbage, lettuce, dill, parsley and other greens). Therefore, now I recommend growing vegetables that like this kind of land, and in a couple of years, when the amount of nitrogen becomes noticeably less, it will be possible to start growing other crops.

  3. Raisa MATVEEVA, Cand. Biol. science

    Nitrogen supplementation by all rules
    In June, during the active growth of shoots and the formation of fruits, it is important to feed trees with nitrogen fertilizers. their deficiency weakens the plants. True, and excess nitrogen is harmful - the quality and keeping quality of fruits during storage are deteriorating.
    Therefore, the final conclusion about nitrogen fertilizing is done on the condition of the plant. Here are a few tips.
    The average dose of nitrogen for top dressing is 9 g of urea or 12 g of ammonium nitrate per 1 sq.m.
    Too small pale green leaves indicate that there is not enough nitrogen. In this case, increase the dose by 1,5 times.

    Take into account weather conditions: in the cold and humid year, apply 20-30% more than the average dose, and in warm and dry - reduce by half.
    Norms of nitrogen fertilizer on sandy loamy soils should be somewhat higher than on fertile loam.

  4. Raisa MATVEEVA, Cand. Biol. science

    Many gardeners, following the widespread recommendations, make nitrogen fertilizers superficially (they do not fill up the soil). In this case, ammonium nitrogen evaporates into the air (weathering), and the nitrate penetrates deep into the soil, but at the same time becomes a competitor to phosphates and potassium, reducing their effect.
    With a deep application of nitrogen fertilizers, together with nitrate nitrogen, ammonium nitrogen directly enters the roots of the trees. Nitrates gradually turn into ammonium form, which means they do not accumulate in excess in fruits. Therefore, nitrogen fertilizers must be sealed to a depth of 10-20 cm.

  5. Vera SAVELYEVA, Voronezh region

    In our region there are large farms specializing in the cultivation and processing of sugar beets. One of these complexes is located near our village. For gardeners, such a neighborhood is a blessing, since we are provided with cheap natural fertilizers.
    Sugar makes a lot of waste. For example, defecate (filter cake) is brown lumps consisting of lime and extracts from beet molasses. After defecate is matured in sedimentation tanks for a year or two, it turns into an excellent fertilizer. Defecate is not inferior to manure in nutrient content, and surpasses limestone and dolomite flour in its ability to reduce soil acidity. Therefore, it is better to use it where the earth is prone to acidification, making up to 300 kg per hundred square meters under digging from autumn. But on neutral and chalky soils, it is better not to use defecate directly in such quantity directly, but to add it to compost.
    You can also take sour buttermilk from a sugar factory. In fact, it is fermented, as silage, the remains of beet mass, from which the juice was squeezed. The smell of pulp, frankly, specific, and it is difficult to transport it. But put together with the garden waste and grass weeded very quickly turns into an excellent mature compost. On the edges of old settling tanks, you can collect ready-mixed humus, which for several years turned waste.
    It's a pity that you can not buy treacle waste from our factory. In a diluted form this is an excellent fertilizer for berry bushes and fruit trees.

  6. Tatyana PANUROVA, Orel

    Chicken manure is a highly effective and versatile fertilizer. It can be used on the site fresh, diluted with water, in the form of infusion with herbs, can be added to compost.
    I found for myself the most effective and time-consuming method of its application. In the henhouse as a litter, I use sawdust and shavings (this is very convenient). However, any litter has a property to become dirty. Therefore, all poultry farmers regularly clean chicken coops, and the litter is mostly cleaned in compost. I take it right under the trees and bushes in the garden, after all, in fact, this is a ready fertilizer! I mulch a litter mixed with a dung, the soil under the trees, I spread a layer of straw or peat mulch from above. Due to the additional layer of mulch, the concentration of the droppings is reduced, and it does not burn down the roots of the plants. Litter gradually decomposes, and with sediments, nutrients reach the roots in an easily digestible form.
    Fresh litter is not suitable for vegetable beds, so I use it the same way as most gardeners - after it has been lying in compost for a year. The overripe litter is good both for fertilizing vegetable crops, and for creating warm beds for pumpkins and cucumbers (I add bedding along with grass and leaves to such beds).
    When the number of birds in my hen-house was over 50, I began to collect the litter with litter in bags and give it to neighbors. A year later began to sell it in flower shops. So I began to get thanks to the chickens let a small, but a pleasant income!


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