Spring flower garden from onions with own hands
The last month of spring is the time for tulips. Few garden flowers can compete with them in a variety of shapes and colors. They look great both in solo landings and in compositions. In the company with decorative bows, a swimsuit, against the background of tender hearts, dicentres or saturated young greenery of fern foliage, tulips are the absolute favorites of the May garden.
To give the flower garden a bright exotic flavor will help the hazel grouse of the emperor.
This plant can reach 80 cm in height, the sturdy stem of the hazel grouse is crowned by a large inflorescence of brightly colored ring-shaped flowers, adorned with a green "pineapple" crown. It looks great as the central element of the composition. This hazel grouse has a more modest miniature relative-a chess knife. Sweet and touching, he as it is impossible by the way it is necessary on an alpine hill.
Numerous varieties of daffodils, muscari, late varieties of crocuses, white flowers and other beautiful spring bulbs will look great in the flower beds in the company with brunner, badans, periwinkle, primroses and viviparous. With their help you can create amazingly natural compositions on lawns, under trees.
See also: Bulbous - rules of forcing
The right conditions for bulbous
In order for these plants to please you with magnificent flowering from year to year, it is important to provide them with the right conditions immediately upon planting. Most spring bulbs prefer good lighting - they grow best in open sunny areas or in light shade.
Soils for bulbs should be not only nutritious, but also well-drained - these plants absolutely can not stand zamokaniya. Tulips are especially sensitive to stagnant waterlogging. Daffodils are more hardy, but they will not grow well in the wetland. You will have to take care of the quality of the soil in advance - in low areas you will need to make a drainage, to add loose, rich in humus soil.
Bulbous - special care
After flowering in spring bulbs, special care is required. After tulips, daffodils and imperial hazel grouse drop the last petals, it is better to cut off the flower stalks - the plants spend extra energy on ripening the seeds. And the faded heads of the onions can be left - even in the dried form they are very decorative and will adorn the flower garden.
It is important to take into account the requirements for the acidity of soils-they differ from plant to plant.
So, many species of daffodils do not tolerate lime, and tulips, on the contrary, grow poorly in an acidic substrate.
The foliage of spring bulbs, which begins to turn yellow soon after the end of the flowering period, requires a careful attitude. In no case can you cut it off - so you will deprive the plants of nutrients accumulated during the season and weaken the subsequent flowering. It is cleaned after it dries, giving all the juice to the onion. By the beginning of summer, hosts, astilbe, buzulniki are actively moving into growth - their foliage is able to close onion bulbs that go on vacation.
Caring for bulbs
Not all bulbs can grow from year to year in one place without transplanting. So, every year after the leaves turn yellow, it is necessary to dig up the bulbs of varietal tulips. After flowering, the mother bulb dies in these plants, and a new one forms under it - the one that will bloom in the next season.
For the full ripening of a new bulb, it is necessary to warm up well; this is not always possible in our conditions, moreover, if you leave the tulip bulbs in the ground, they will turn out to be too deep over time and they will not have the strength to bloom. Dug bulbs are stored in a dry, well-ventilated area until planting - the first half of September.
Much less effort is required for daffodils, hazel grouses and melkolukovichnye plants.
They can grow in one place for several years and need to be divided in the same way as many rhizome perennials, only after they grow. With the help of bulbs you can create in your garden an atmosphere of natural style.
Fans of natural style will not leave indifferent crocuses, muscari and snowdrops, winning an ever larger territory in the spring garden.
The more diverse the selection of bulbous, the more interesting to follow its weekly transformations.
Reference by topic: Flower garden from bulbous flowers
We fight with self-seeding in bulbous
Many small-bulbous breeds are perfectly propagated by self-sowing. If you like order in everything, and flowers growing by themselves are not to your liking, remove the flower stalks without waiting for the seeds to ripen.
As a fertilizer in flower beds, where bulbous plants are planted, fresh manure can not be used-it provokes the development of fungal diseases and decay of bulbs. It is better to use a well-bred compost or mineral complex fertilizers.
© Author: E.Limonchenko
BULBS IN THE FLOWER - TIPS OF FLOWERS AND SPECIALISTS
EARLY SPRING BULBFUL FLOWERS
With the pleasure that we experience, watching the arrival of spring in our favorite garden, little can be compared. When, after the snow melts, we rejoice at the first green blade of grass and yellow dandelions, it seems happier than to survive the winter and meet the spring, not to come up with. Unlike wildlife, in the country or in the garden, where each plant is carefully selected and placed in a certain place, and the soil is dug up, often there are not enough bright colors. One of the first to paint the spring garden and give the long-awaited nectar to awakened bees onion plants.
The secret of their early flowering lies in the nutrients stored in the underground bulb storage last season. Therefore, when the earth is still frozen, the roots of trees and shrubs are not able to receive water from the soil, with the first rays of the sun freely penetrating through the bare branches of trees, the onion wakes up and amicably touches the growth.
The species diversity and assortment of bulbous plants is so great that, knowing some secrets of landscape design, every gardener can arrange flower fireworks from early March until the end of spring. We’ll talk about summer and autumn blooming bulbs next time.
The earliest - the most touching
The very first ones, literally from under the snow, appear plants, united in a conditional group of small-bulbous: sprout, snowdrop, chiono-doxa, Pushkinia, bulbous iris-iridodictiums (Iridodictyum reticulata), muscari (mouse hyacinth). Their elegant flowers are small in size, more often are white, blue, lilac, but there are varieties with a pink or purple color. Crocuses are especially fond of flower growers. Before others, smaller botanical crocuses of white or violet color bloom, and after them - large varietal ones: white, yellow, blue, purple. Small bulbous plants grow remarkably in one place for many years, propagated by daughter bulbs and self-sowing (if you do not pick flowers and allow seeds to ripen) and form whole glades. Small-bulbous plants, so that they are not drowned out by larger plants, are planted on an alpine hill among low ground cover or near-stem tree circles, among shrubs or in the foreground of a flower garden. Crocuses look great in monochrome groups (of the same color), and a mixture of white, yellow and blue flowers is also popular.
Do not dig in the forest and bring to the garden bulbs of plants listed in the Red Book of Ukraine and are on the verge of extinction due to the merciless collection for spring bouquets by unscrupulous sellers. Starting in August, their bulbs grown in nurseries can be bought at every garden store.
Following the small onion, the hazel grouse, daffodils, hyacinths, decorative bows and tulips together appear. Hyacinths fill the garden with a charming aroma that is felt for several meters. The imperial grouse attracts attention, as soon as a magnificent plume of leaves emerges from the ground, and just a few days later a crown of yellow, orange or red flowers blooms.
Today we will discuss only the general principles of choosing plants for your garden, taking into account specific conditions and preferences.
Daffodil - sunny spring flower
Daffodils have long been loved by flower growers for their sunny color, unpretentiousness and the possibility of long-term cultivation in one place. The most familiar to us white with a yellow crown, botanical daffodils (Pat. Narassus poeticus - a poetic daffodil) come from the Mediterranean. Such flowers grew in the front gardens of our grandmothers almost without care. Botanical daffodils, their forms and varieties bloom among the first. For example, the cyclamen daffodil Tete-a-tete is from the Caucasus, only 15 cm high. Other natural species: Asturian daffodils, cirrus. shrouded in collections of botanical gardens and lovers of wonders.
Daffodils are planted between shrubs and on the banks of ponds
A huge number of varieties of daffodils are divided into groups, depending on the shape of the flower. For example, crowned. large-crowned, tubular, terry, triander-owl (on one peduncle several graceful drooping flowers with outer petals bent upwards), exchange cycles, etc. Most daffodils are white and yellow, but there are interesting varieties with a pink, orange or orange-peach crown.
Daffodils are planted among shrubs, on the banks of ponds, in tree trunks, and dwarf species and varieties are planted in rock gardens among stones, in containers and balcony boxes.
Tulip - King of the Spring Garden
Many people know that the first tulips back in the Xv. bred in the countries of Asia, Persia. Iran, where a beautiful flower was considered a symbol of peace, tranquility and renewal. Even the name of the flower comes from the Ottoman Persian word “tulbend” - the name of the fabric that was used for headgear - turban. And only at the end of the XV century. tulip bulbs appeared in Holland, where these colors became very popular and began their triumphal procession around the world. In nature, wild tulips are found throughout Europe. Asia and even Morocco in northern Africa. In Ukraine, there are also several species of wild tulips that are listed in the Red Book, for example. t. oak forest (T. Biebersteimana), serpentine, Bug, Schrenka, Scythian.
Botanical tulips have a special charm, despite their modest size, bloom very early and are painted in yellow, white or red (i.e. Schrenka). But in the gardens, varietal plants are most often grown, which differ in terms of flowering, the shape, size and color of flowers and leaves, the height of the peduncle.
For early flowering (back in March), plant in the sunniest places where the snow melts quickly, Kaufman and Greig tulips. Their leaves, barely appearing, attract attention with white or purple stripes, peduncles are low, but strong and not drooping (which affects tall varieties with large flowers), and the opening flowers look like stars, showing a contrasting middle. I recommend T. Turkestan, or late (T. tarda). which is very common in landscaping. After it, Foster tulips are revealed, which flower growers love for early flowering, tall growth and a large goblet flower (the height of the glass is up to 10 cm) of red, yellow or pink color.
There are so many varieties of tulips that they were divided into several conditional groups characterizing the origin and shape of the flower: goblet-shaped, lilac-colored (petals are elongated and bent outward), terry (pion-shaped), parrot, fringed, terry fringed (Cool Crystal), family (on one peduncle of several medium-sized flowers), Darwin hybrids, triumph. Kaufman. Greig, Foster, etc.
Secrets of a beautiful flower garden
Choosing an assortment for your garden, you can simply plant your favorite varieties for admiring in the flower garden. Each flower of parrot, fringed or peony tulips delights with its shape and combination of several colors. We advise them to land closer to the track in order to be able to consider the details. But to create a harmonious garden composition, it is necessary to take into account the flowering dates of different varieties and the color scheme, choose plants with a strong peduncle and expressive flower, for example, from the Darwin hybrids or Triumph groups. For ceremonial places, a front garden or a central flower bed, we recommend choosing varieties in a yellow-orange-red palette that raises the mood and attracts attention even at a great distance. For a romantic garden and creating an atmosphere of rest and relaxation, designers advise tulips of white-pink-lilac color. On sale are also ready-made sets of mixes of bulbs, selected by flowering time and color.
Often you have to watch how flower growers grab “every creature in a couple” at a store, just looking at beautiful pictures and not at all interested in the characteristics of varieties and their compatibility, and then complain that the flower garden looks like a vinaigrette. To make your flower bed pleasing to the eye, try to outline the color scheme in advance and not mix more than 2-3 colors in one composition. Each flower is beautiful in its own way, but groups consisting of 5-7 plants look better, and a glade of several tens of plants looks even more picturesque. Small-bulbous ones are simply scattered on the ground and buried so that they look natural in flowering, but large-flowered tulips, daffodils and hyacinths look better with geometric planting, for example, in a checkerboard pattern with a distance between plants of 10-20 cm. To do this, first outline the outline of the future pattern (circle, rectangle, arbitrary shape), plant the bulbs along the contour, and then fill the middle. It is also advisable to take into account the growth of plants and plant low, and in the background, tall plants in front. If the flowerbed has a circular view, tall plants are placed in the center. For example, imperial grouse can be planted both in groups, and one at a time in the center of the whole composition.
Particularly successfully, the grace and brightness of the bulbs is manifested against the background of conifers and evergreens. In garden beds, bulbs are planted in compositions with spring biennials (forget-me-nots, pansies, daisies, primrose). In the spring, the flower garden will certainly delight your family and everyone around.
Onion plants care is the key to lush flowering
Although bulbous are considered unpretentious plants, they still need attention for lush flowering. When a gardener plants a bulb in the ground in autumn, it already has a supply of nutrients and formed flower buds that are sufficient for germination and flowering. Often, saving money, gardeners buy too small bulbs, in fact children who are not yet ready for flowering. Therefore, in the spring you may be disappointed, because leaves will appear from the earth, and flowering will have to wait from 1 to 3 years. It is also important to choose healthy, strong bulbs, and before planting, powder or soak in a solution of special preparations (maxim, bayleton, topsin, foundationazop).
The timing of planting is important: usually the end of September is October, because the bulbs must take root before frost. The embedment depth depends on the type of plant and the size of the planting material (as a rule, they are deepened by three heights of the bulb).
In winter, planted plants can be damaged by mice, vypryt from flooding or die due to infections. To obtain larger flowers and strong, unbroken peduncles in the spring, it is recommended to feed the plants with complex mineral fertilizers (nitroammophoska 20 g / ml evenly sprinkle and cultivate into the soil by loosening, or dissolve in 10 l of water and pour the beds) at the beginning of buds and after flowering for the formation of a large bulb, which will provide flowering next year.
An important point in the care of bulb plants is the period after flowering. If you want to propagate plants with seeds or use them to produce new varieties, then you do not need to prune the flowers. But if we strive to ensure lush flowering next year, it is better to cut the flower stalks so that the nutrients are not spent on seed ripening, but remain in the bulb.
After flowering, the bulb leaves begin to fade, fade and look not very attractive, which annoys many, forcing them to get rid of them as soon as possible. Do not do this in any case! It was at this time that, through photosynthesis, the leaves supplied nutrients to the bulb.
Only when the leaves completely wilted and separated without effort, the bulb ripened and went to rest until next spring. So that the appearance of the flower garden does not suffer during this period, we recommend placing bulbs between perennials, against the background of small ground covers (stonecrops, thyme. Sagina, awl-shaped phlox, etc.) or in the foreground of the flower garden, where in summer, seedlings are planted in between.
If in a few years dense groups have formed and flowering has become sparse, after the leaves have dried up, you can dig out the bulbs, divide, store until planting in a cool, dry, well-ventilated place so that in the fall they plant large bulbs in the flower garden, and the baby - for growing. It is advisable to treat the area with bulbs from gnawing insects (bears, wireworms, larvae of the May beetle, onion grub, scoop, etc.), to prevent excessive waterlogging or drying of the soil.
© Posted by Victoria ROY. landscape designer
PLANTING BULBFUL FLOWERS - VIDEO
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