USEFUL PROPERTIES OF GINKGO BILOBA + cultivation and care
Ginkgo biloba (Latin Ginkgo biloba L.) refers to the relict plants that grew on our planet in the era of dinosaurs. And this is not surprising, because it can live over 3000 years. This is a giant tree with two-bladed fan leaves, in shape resembling an open fan or heart.
Another name for this tree is tanakan.
The British gave him their name, which means "girlish braids." After all, the branches of the plant really beautifully fall from the trunk. The birthplace of ginkgo biloba is China, but it can grow very well with us.
In Europe, interest in wood was borne by French botanists in the late 18th century. Some nurseries offer seedlings of this tree.
In nature, ginkgo biloba propagates in an interesting way, in which mobile cells of male trees impregnate female plants.
In nurseries, plants are propagated by seeds or cuttings. If you want to grow a tree of ginkgo biloba, give preference to male trees. Female individuals of this species have an unpleasant odor when bearing fruit.
APPLICATION OF THE UNIQUE PROPERTIES OF THE GINKGO BILOBA
Ginkgo biloba leaves contain ginkosides - substances that improve the elasticity of blood vessels and help improve the conductivity of oxygen to brain tissue. Pharmacists use the substrate isolated from them to create preparations against atherosclerosis, to improve memory and vascular activity. The action of the components of ginkgo biloba is very strong and beneficial to humanity as a whole.
It also contains anti-cancer drugs. Bioactive substances from this tree prevent the formation of thrombi, dilate the lumens in the vessels, reduce the viscosity of the blood, relieve migraines.
From patients taking ginkgo biloba in the form of dietary supplements, some complaints were received. Observations revealed that they provoke allergic reactions. The plant was criticized in medical circles, and during additional tests it was established that the plant can be used in the form of monopreparations and in certain therapeutic doses.
Thus, all patients should know that this plant can not be prescribed for itself. Dosage of medicinal raw materials should be selected under the supervision of the attending physician. Also, the plant is not prescribed to persons who have not reached 16-year-old age, pregnant and lactating women. If you decide to make a medicine based on this plant, consult a doctor.
In their homeland in China, ginkgo biloba is used for alcoholism, diseases of the genitourinary sphere, as well as for the treatment of wounds and burns. And, what is most interesting, - for the extension of youth and longevity.
To date, interest in ginkgo biloba has arisen in most countries. He is appointed by European doctors, Americans and Japanese apply. It is based on the production of pharmaceutical preparations: Bilobil, Bilobil Forte, Giloba, Ginos, Ginkor Forte, Ginkgo Biloba Evalar, Ginkoum, Tanakan and others. As you can see, the extract of this unique tree is widely used in traditional medicine. This is due to the fact that diseases that can be treated with these drugs are difficult to treat. And some patients, without learning about the drugs of this group, and remain alone with their serious illnesses. But if a patient is recommended one of these drugs, the chances of recovery significantly increase.
RAW MATERIAL COLLECTION
For billets of medicinal raw materials ginkgo biloba collect fresh green leaves of the plant. Then, the foliage is dried in the shade in the open air and stored in a ventilated dry place. The dried leaves of the tanakan are fond of mice, therefore it is necessary to avoid the appearance of harmful rodents in places where medicinal raw materials are stored. From the finished raw materials, you can prepare infusions, ointments and extracts.
Spirituous tincture from ginkgo biloba
On 1 part of the dry leaves (in grams) take 10 parts of quality vodka (in grams). Insist raw materials in a dark cool place for two weeks, shaking occasionally. Then tincture strain and take on 1 a teaspoon before meals 3 times a day. Do not exceed the dose.
This tincture improves cerebral circulation, improves the condition of patients with varicose veins, has a tonic and rejuvenating effect.
Honey mixture against atherosclerosis and infarction
0,5 kg freshly picked ginkgo biloba leaves rinse and grind. Mix the leafy mixture with one half-liter jar of natural honey. Keep the mixture in the refrigerator. Take 1 tsp spoon as a prophylactic 1 -2 once a day.
Therapeutic decoction of ginkgo biloba
1 st. Spoon dry leaves put in a thermos and pour 300 ml of boiling water. After 2 hours, the broth is drained and drained. Take 100 ml for 30 minutes before meals 3 times a day. The course of treatment for atherosclerosis and for improving the cerebral circulation is 30-50 days.
CULTIVATION AND BENEFICIAL PROPERTIES OF GINKGO BILOBA - TIPS AND REVIEWS
GINKGO PROLONGES YOUTH
According to scientific research, medicines based on this plant are especially useful for people over 40 years old, since it is at this age that blood vessels begin to lose their elasticity and become clogged, and other health problems arise. It is not for nothing that ginkgo biloba (G. biloba) is often called the tree of youth.
It has survived to our days since the Mesozoic era (leaves contain fragments of DNA from ancient ancestors - gymnosperms and algae). In the glacial period, plants of the Ginkgo class did not survive the cold and died. Only one species has survived, which grows in Japan and China. In ancient Chinese manuscripts written for 3000 years BC, it is told about the unique properties of ginkgo, which can improve memory, sight, hearing and even sexual function.
Preferences in the garden The place for the young seedlings is chosen spacious and sunny - the tree grows in breadth, the shade oppresses it. The soil must be loose, fertile: at least a 1 bucket of humus or compost is placed in the planting pit. When planting the roots carefully trimmed, you must not allow them to bend.
The first 2-3 year plant as if "freezes" in place, not gaining height - is the development of the root system. Do not forget to water it periodically. Be careful on the site with a close groundwater table, give preference to dry places. Adult plants do not need to be sheltered for the winter, ginkgo can withstand the temperature drop to -30-35 degrees.
Propagation by seeds The own tree can be grown from freshly harvested seeds (bones), which must undergo stratification within 1,5 months. To do this, the seeds are sown in late February-March in a box (container) with moistened sand to a depth of 6-7 cm and put in the coolest room. At the end of April, the crops are transferred to a greenhouse, the humidity is monitored. If the seeds have not germinated by this time, they will have to wait a little longer (their germination is low, only 20-30%).
When the seedlings grow, they are transferred to the garden.
Care - watering in hot weather, weeding, weeding for the winter with needles or foliage.
Useful properties Extends the lumen of the arteries, veins and capillaries. Reduces blood viscosity and prevents blood clots (improves blood flow in the brain, heart, limbs). Reduces the fragility of blood vessels, preventing hemorrhage in the retina and the cornea of the eye, stroke and heart attack. Regulates the metabolism of carbohydrates - increases the production of insulin, protects cells of the pancreas.
Ginkgo is a dioecious plant. A male or female specimen grows in your garden, you can only determine on the 25-30 year of the tree life. It is at this age that it first blooms (late spring) and fructifies.
Recipes for health
To improve the general condition (you need to consult a doctor beforehand!) 1 st.l. dry crushed leaves pour 250 ml of boiling water, insist an hour, drain. Drink 100 ml 3 once a day, shortly before meals. The course of treatment depends on the state of health, but not more than 1,5-2 months.
In case of serious disorders of cerebral activity and circulation, vodka or alcohol tincture is prepared: 50-80 g of dried leaves are poured with 0,7 l of strong vodka or alcohol. The container is closed and put in a dark place for 2 weeks, periodically shaking. Then you need to strain the tincture. Take 3 once a day before meals, 20 drops (1 tsp) at a time, always a little diluting with water. The course of treatment is 30 days. After two weeks of pause, the tincture can be repeated. In individual cases (as prescribed by a doctor!), The dose can also be increased to 1-1,5 st.l.
The recipe for its preparation is common among folk healers. To prevent myocardial infarction, 0,5 kg of fresh crushed ginkgo leaves is mixed with 0,5 liters of quality honey, periodically shaking, "insist" in a warm place 2 a week. Then store in the refrigerator. Eat on 1 tsp. mixture two times a day for 3-4 weeks. After a short break, the course can be repeated.
© Author: Mikhail NAUMOV, the leading agronomist of the Botanical Garden BGSHA
GINKGO BILOBA CUTTINGS
Heard about the beneficial properties of ginkgo biloba. Is it difficult to grow it from the cuttings and what care does the plant require?
- Ginkgo biloba propagates well in summer cuttings. I cut short pieces, preferably with a heel, at the end of June. I remove half the leaves and process the cuttings in the root stimulator (according to the instructions). Then I plant it in a mixture of sand and peat (1: 1) in a clay film greenhouse. Landing is constantly sprayed. By autumn, seedlings give roots. For winter, I cover young plants with spruce branches.
But it is faster and easier to propagate ginkgo in a generative way (to sow), since rooted cuttings-seedlings develop more slowly compared to seedlings. Seed stratification is optional. I sow them in early spring in ordinary sand, spray them with water, preventing it from drying out. Germination of almost 100% if they were collected in the fall. The grown seedlings are transplanted into separate plastic pots with garden soil. After 1-2 years, when the plants get stronger, you can plant them in a permanent place.
The tree is light-loving, requires open space, undemanding to the soil. Care is reduced to periodic watering, loosening the soil, weeding. In winter, especially in the first years of life in the garden, the ginkgo needs shelter with spruce branches or snow. In summer, young seedlings can be fed with liquid complex fertilizers, bringing them under the root or in the form of foliar top dressing.
GINKGO BILOBA AT YOUR SITE!
Many people took medications based on the relict tree Ginkgo biloba. This is the patriarch among the trees, who lived on earth almost three hundred million years ago. Preserved in its natural form in China. In our country you can admire it in the Caucasus and Crimea. And also in your own garden. Try placing it on your site.
Just imagine - in nature this tree lives for about two thousand years. My tree is only five. It's a little taller than me. It grows very, very slowly, so I’m unlikely to see it as a thirty-meter handsome one. I don’t know whether it will even become so high in unusual conditions, since there is practically no information on growing Ginkgo biloba in Russia. The same as experience.
Three years ago, a friend gave me a two-year-old seedling growing in a pot. She ordered it to be planted in the garden in a sunny, open place. It is advisable to protect it with something from the northern winds. And, as I managed to read, drainage is needed on any soil.
But only the first two points came true for me: sun and freedom. The children moved it into the ground without me, so that only a low picket fence covered the seedling from the north. Drainage was not included in their plans either.
Surprisingly, the seedling took root and tolerated the winter well. Although lately they are not as severe as before.
BILOBA - SUCH FUNNY LEAVES
The leaves of this tree are completely unusual, no one else has them. Looks like a fan. It’s as if you cut half of a regular sheet and throw it away, and cut the rest along the edge. Unusual to our eyes, and therefore funny.
They are usually green, but in the fall they turn a stunning lemon color.
It just so happened that aquatic plants accidentally settled in this corner of my garden. Ginkgo biloba was accompanied by two young weeping willows and two hydrangeas. Therefore, almost weekly, and more often during drought, I appeared there on a rescue mission - with a hose at the ready.
THE MOST INTERESTING
Handing over the seedling to me, my friend strictly instructed that the leaves would become healing in 6-7 years. But I didn’t find any supporting information. But another one caught my eye. It turns out that the leaves are so healing that they can be used even if they are yellow. Even fallen ones. Yes, yes, that’s what it was written: collect all the leaves, wash and dry. Better yet, when the leaves are easily separated from the branches, tear them off then. And you don’t need to carry dietary supplements from the pharmacy.
During the heat, I tried to water the plants in the morning, after a cool night, hoping that a cold shower would not be a shock to them. So far everything has worked out fine.
And then I realized why drainage is needed: any overflow can be destructive for the roots. But first of all, I didn’t overwater. Secondly, our soil is sandy, and water flows and flows until the clay layer is reached.
There were no particular problems with feeding. Like everyone else, we got humus and compost in the fall. But once in the summer I give a stranger something tasty - potassium fertilizers. I spread it according to the instructions - and go ahead!
WHERE TO FIND A TREE
A friend bought ginkgo biloba from a nursery. So they are there. I ran a search engine and found a bunch of sites ready to sell me seedlings. Prices vary - from reasonable to outrageous.
There are so many beneficial properties of ginkgo biloba leaves that one can list and list them. And all because the composition is rather large.
But first of all, it is famous for helping the brain - it magically improves its blood circulation, supplying it with oxygen and glucose. Has a beneficial effect on all blood vessels. Improves mental abilities and vision. Reduces anxiety. Fights insomnia.
Eliminates symptoms of asthma and lung diseases. Ginkgo biloba helps with depression, mental disorders, dementia, migraines and headaches.
GINKGO BILOBA IS CONSIDERED A SAFE NATURAL MEDICINE. AND STILL IT SHOULD BE TAKEN WITH CAUTION AND STRICTLY FOLLOW THE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR DOSAGE AND REGIMEN OF APPLICATION. AND BE SURE TO CONSULT YOUR DOCTOR.
© Author: Galina Orlan, p. Balshery, Spassky district, Tatarstan
BENEFITS OF GINKGO BILOBA - VIDEO
© Author: Alina CHERNYAVSKAYA, chemist-pharmacist,
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