Cleaning and proper storage of beets - professional advice
Hurry with harvesting is not necessary: in the unripened beets do not have time to accumulate vitamins, and because of a thin skin reduces the shelf life. But it's also not necessary to delay the harvesting - the overripe fruits become fibrous, "wooden" and are also poorly stored.
How to know that the beet has matured
Determine that the roots are ripe, you can by the following signs:
- diameter and mass of the fetus correspond to the description of the variety;
- the leaves turn yellow and become thin at the base.
Usually in the middle band beets are removed in the second half of September. This is also due to the fact that even minor frosts can ruin the entire crop.
Beet harvesting rules
To keep the beets well, take them out on a dry, cool day, dig up the plants with a shovel or pitchfork. Do not pull them out by the leaves.
Clear root crops from the clotted earth, thus to strike them against each other, as do some truck farmers, I do not advise.
Cut the stems and side branches with a knife, leave the hemp with a height of 1-1,5. See cuts with ashes.
Dry the crop in sunny weather right on the ground (enough 3-4-h hours), on a cloudy one - lay it on the floor in a ventilated room or under a canopy (in this case, the drying will go from 3 to 5 days).
For long-term storage, select healthy, even, medium-sized root crops.
See also: Beet cleaning
For the preservation of vegetables, the optimum temperature is from 0 to + 2 degree, (at humidity 90%). It is also important that air can circulate freely. On the floor, lay wooden lattices (pallets) with a height of 15-20 cm, walls of the beet box make 1-1,2 m.
By the way, the beets are perfectly stored, if you spread it over the top of the potato, - root crops absorb excess moisture and remain juicy and elastic. If there are trellised boxes or wicker baskets, you can combine the yield in them by pouring each layer of beet with dry river sand, wood ash or table salt.
© Author: Ioannina GORBATENKO, agronomist-chemist
Beets - growing planting and care: reviews and tips
Beet tasty and healthy
Beets are a healthy vegetable. I'll tell you a few secrets of a delicious beet crop. But for starters - a little about how the size of root crops affects their use in food. So, small and medium-sized root crops are better in quality. than large ones, and the first ones are great for canning. In the basement, it is the middle-sized beets that last the longest.
When to sow?
You can sow beets in the winter and spring. For sowing in late October or early November, cold-resistant varieties that do not shoot for a long time are suitable. I begin spring sowing when the soil warms up to + 5 ... + 7 CC. Focus on the fact that the seeds are sown after carrots for 1-2 weeks. Shoots are very sensitive to short-term frosts (to -4 ° C), and a prolonged decrease in temperature to -5 ... -6 ° C can lead to premature formation of flower shoots. In autumn, the seeding rate can be increased by a quarter, but spring crops do not need to be thickened. On heavy soils, the embedment depth is 2,5-3 cm, and on light soils 3-4 cm.
Beets have interesting seeds - they are fertility; in other words, they are spliced I? several in one glomerulus. That is why several seedlings are formed from one fruit tree at once, which must be thinned out, otherwise they overshadow each other and interfere with normal development. When thinning them, it is best to immediately dive - pinch the root root and transplant one at a time, without deepening the neck of the root. First time, seedlings are thinned out in the phase of 3-4 real leaves at a distance of 2-3 cm, then after 10-14 days up to three to four times. At the last thinning between plants, about 8-10 cm remain.
Beets are a healthy vegetable. I'll tell you a few secrets of a delicious beet crop. But for starters - a little about how the size of root crops affects their use in food. So, small and medium-sized root crops are better in quality than large ones, and the first ones are great for canning. In the basement, it is the middle-sized beets that last the longest.
Table beets uniquely badly tolerate organic fertilizers and manure, but it will grow well if they were introduced in the previous year under the previous crop. A plant with a lack of boron is often amazed by insidious phomosis, which, incidentally, is invisible in the summer, and when stored causes rotting of the fetus, besides, in the absence of this element, the disease "rot heart" develops. On poor peaty soils microelements must be applied boron fertilizers in the calculation of 3 g / m2.
Is it necessary to feed beets at all? This question is asked by every gardener. I will answer: on fertile soils, you can do without any fertilizing at all. These root crops are capable of accumulating nitrates - up to 8000 mg / kg, so if you need additional nutrition, you should not get carried away with this activity. It is better to use potash fertilizers with a chlorine content, which helps to reduce nitrates one and a half times.
In late August - early September there is an increased outflow of nutrients from leaves to root crops, therefore, during this period, plants in dry weather need deep loosening of the soil between the rows and irrigation. Watering a week before harvesting should not be missed - thanks to this procedure, the best preservation of root crops in the winter is provided.
© Author: Ivan Vladimirovich Sverdlovsky, an experienced gardener-gardener from Uglich, Yaroslavl region.
Below other entries on the topic "Dacha and garden - with their own hands"
- Beetroot (not to thin)
- Beet planting patterns
- Beet seedlings - subtlety tips and secrets, pros and cons
- Growing beets - my secrets and feedback based on experience
- Growing and cleaning of beets
- Own beet seeds - cultivation, collection and selection
- To make the beets sweet - planting and care
- Winter beet planting - what are its huge advantages
- The most delicious beet varieties - my review, tips and reviews about the variety Bagryanaya
- Growing beets in the Leningrad region - planting and care
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