Cultivation of cabbage cabbage and romanesque-planting, varieties and care
It is magnificent and diverse.
Its historical roots go deep into the stony soil of the Apennine peninsula, and the names indicate the places from where it came to us.
As you may have guessed, today we will talk about cabbage. But - not about quite ordinary, or rather - completely unusual. Meet Romansko - a native of Rome, and a calabrese that comes from Calabria. However, for the last we have fixed the name of broccoli, in translation from Italian meaning "twig".
The fact is that this variety of cauliflower was originally divided into broccoli, which has many small flowerheads growing on crispy juicy stems or twigs (for which it was also called "Italian asparagus" or "asparagus") and calabrese - with a large head on one thick trunk.
The most beautiful and unusual of all cabbages, which is more like a work of art or sea shell - this is romanesque. It is similar to both colored and broccoli, so it is called calabrese, romanesque, and broccoflower (broccoli flowers), and more - coral broccoli or a minaret-cabbage. In a vegetable shop, this delicious natural miracle (with a creamy nuance shade) is almost never met, but you can grow on your own vegetable garden.
In Italy, all these types of cabbage were grown from ancient times (suggest that even before our era).
Broccoli - cauliflower precursor, in America and Western Europe it became popular in the second half of the last century, and it came to us already at the turn of the third millennium.
And of course, in our time, whatever it is, it's impossible to do without the Chinese, they have (and very popular) their own variety of broccoli, and that's what Chinese broccoli is called. However, this vegetable can be found under national names in different transcriptions: gai lan, gai lan, geylan, kai-lan.
Inflorescences in her are quite small and are appreciated for the delicate, slightly sweetish taste of the stems and the adjacent bluish-green leaves. Based on Chinese broccoli, different varieties and hybrids (Big Boy, Blue Star, China Legend).
Broccoli fell in love in our country - for its pleasant taste, the simplicity of cooking and, of course, for its enormous nutritional value (it is just a storehouse of all kinds of minerals and vitamins).
It has become a necessary product in dietary, vegetarian, baby food. But to say that this cabbage has reliably settled in our kitchen gardens, while it is impossible. Perhaps someone is afraid that it is as troublesome to grow it as a capricious cauliflower. But this is not true.
This southern culture easily adapts to different soil and climatic conditions, and therefore feels fine in the temperate climate of the middle belt, is able to produce a good harvest in more northern areas, and for hot regions special drought-resistant varieties are derived.
Undemanding broccoli is also in care, and its diseases and pests are the same as in all other cruciferous broccoli. Insufficient (in comparison with cauliflower) storage capacity it compensates for a longer fruiting period (after cutting the main head it builds up many small ones). Grow broccoli can be through seedlings, and direct seeding in the soil (for the middle band, these are early ripening varieties). A variety of varieties allows you to harvest from the middle of summer until late autumn.
Now on sale varieties and hybrids of foreign selection are more often found, although there are already a lot of domestic early, middle and late
maturation. The earliest and the mid-ripening (for example, such as Tonus, Linda, Caesar, Curly Head) give relatively small central heads (200-400 g), but are characterized by a rapid growth of new lateral inflorescences (50-70 g) with tasty asparagus cuttings.
Late-ripening (Lord F1, Curly) - the heads are usually larger (0,7-1,2 kg) and much denser, so they do not bloom longer and are better kept. Advice: it is worth paying attention to the news of the season 2017. hybrids Venus F1, Quint F1, Monrello F1, Orantes F1, whose taste is characterized by manufacturers as excellent.
Of course, high broccoli bushes with wavy bubble leaves with a wax coating and dark green heads are also a beautiful ornament of the garden. Therefore, the breeders went further and brought out varieties with purple inflorescences.
Such as, for example, the English variety Summer Purple. Very similar to it sold for us variety Purple Queen, it is capable of yielding high yields with regular collection from July to November. Plant height 90 see. Its numerous heads, cut together with juicy stems of length 15 cm, are good in boiled or stewed.
But ... keep in mind they should not be boiled together with other products: the anthocyanin, which gives purple hues to vegetables, dissolves in water, so the broth can become an ugly brown color.
Unfortunately, the color of purple broccoli is not preserved and when steamed and fried. The secrets of success in growing this cabbage are very simple - she loves fertile well drained soil, sunny, sheltered from the wind and regular watering.
In addition to broccoli cabbage, there is also a broccoli cabbage or a broccoliletti, a hybrid derived by the Japanese on the basis of Chinese gai lan and Italian broccoli.
This vegetable can be found under other names - Asparation, Asparations, Bimi, broccoletti, Tender Stem, and they grow it everywhere - from Australia to Canada and the UK, it must be assumed that soon its seeds will appear in our country.
It can be said that this the most asparagus from all asparagus. It is valued for very useful and tasty stems, which are good in fresh and slightly boiled form.
© Author: O. Uvarova
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