6 Review (s)

  1. Nikolay Istomin, Samara

    I recently bought a dacha, now I am studying the question of how to grow apple trees on clay with a high level of groundwater. But the deeper I study, the more porridge in my head. Groundwater is about 50 cm.

    • OOO "Sad"

      - Your problem is not clay, but a high level of groundwater. The planted seedlings will suffer from a lack of oxygen. To grow a full-fledged garden, it is necessary to use seedlings grafted on low-growing clonal rootstocks. In an area with a close occurrence of stagnant groundwater, plant plants using a special technology - on hills.
      Dig holes wide, almost in diameter at the base of the future mound, and in depth - not reaching the water mirror.
      Put drainage on the bottom in a layer of 8-10 cm (broken brick, crushed stone, gravel), and on it - a "pillow" of coarse sand.

      Fill the hole with fertile garden soil and only then make a mound of soil mixed with fertilizers. The total distance from the top of the mound to the drainage layer (the height of the "hill" plus the depth of the pit) should be 1-1 m for apple trees and pears on a dwarf rootstock and at least 2 m for the same crops on another rootstock.


    Garden on groundwater

    About 15 years ago, a friend planted an apple tree. In the third year, she bore the first fruits. In the fourth year, the gardener received twice as much, in the fifth he had already collected one and a half buckets. However, while removing the apples, I noticed that the tree was a little wilted. In winter, it died, only at the bottom of the trunk several buds of the scion survived, which gave new branches in the spring.

    The friend cut down the dead parts, healed the wounds, and formed a kind of bush from the overgrown branches. The apple tree recovered and in the fifth year again gave one and a half buckets of fruit. But, as in the first five-year plan, the crown of the tree again died and only the buds of the scion survived. Five more years pass - the process repeats itself, and because of what - the gardener cannot understand.
    The reason was simple. The garden is located in a place where groundwater is close. In the fifth year, the roots reached the water, got wet and died, and the crown died off. But since the upper layer of roots remained alive, the apple tree revived from the surviving buds.
    I had to uproot the tree, and before planting new ones, I advised to raise the soil level - to bring in peat, compost and soil. Since then, he has had no problems with the harvest.

  3. Valentina GLOTOVA, Istra, Moscow Region

    For many years she could not solve one problem: as soon as long rains began, the garden turned into a swampy place and the plants fell one after another. My beloved roses and lilacs died. They poured earth, but to no avail. And I found a way out - I picked up cultures that tolerate a close occurrence of groundwater and are not afraid of waterlogging.

    First of all, planted maple and willow. Willow grows rapidly and creates a good green fence on the site. Then, covering the legs of the plant, she designed a living wall of deren and vesicle. Maroon leaves of P. Diablo fit well. It turns out he can withstand wet places.

    Herbaceous perennials
    With their choice it was easier. I really love buzulniki: varietal bushes Othello, Rocket with dense dark green leaves 50-60 cm long fit perfectly into my garden. They can be planted in places where the sun happens in the morning, but you need to make sure that the foliage does not fade. The bushes at the base are very dense and it is rather difficult to divide them. Palm sedge also feels great in my garden, which turns into a slightly sprawling green mound and remains so until the middle of winter. In early spring, it must be cut, as the shoots grow early. It grows well in the shade or on moist soil in the sun. Easily propagated by division.
    The real decoration was the swamp iris. Dropped the host and astilbe, which are growing, gaining strength.

  4. Olga STRYKLOVA, Tver

    Who does not fear groundwater?
    Once a neighbor complained that her seedlings were dying, although she looked after them as they should. They examined the trees, dug up the soil and found out that the ground water was close to the site. Then I advised her to plant trees that tolerate excess moisture well.

    It is believed that apple, quince, blackcurrant, mountain ash, hawthorn, plum like water. Not bad move wet places in the garden area is also a pear, cherry and sweet cherry.
    If the soil in the garden is too moist, trees can be planted in special flower beds, whose height, depending on the water table, can be up to 1 m.
    The flower beds should be fertilized with manure or humus before planting.

  5. Alexander Karpitsky

    On a site with a high level of ground water, it is not easy to grow a garden, but it is possible.

    What cultures will suit? Feel free to plant berry bushes. From fruit trees I recommend apple-trees of winter-hardy varieties on dwarf and semi-dwarfish rootstocks, as well as plum and cherry trees grown from a cuttings or root sprouts are native-grown). At the bottom of the landing pit, make a drain from the rubble, cover it with clay in a layer of 10-15, see Fill the pit with fertile soil, and top up a hill with a height of 20. See put a seedling on it (do not bury the roots!) And fill it with earth. As the seedling grows along the edges of the hillock, dig out trenches and fill them with fertile soil every year. Remember that the roots of trees located above the ground can suffer from a lack of water. Therefore, such trees are often watered. And periodically pour the earth to the roots so that they do not become bare.
    Often, sites with a close groundwater table are also located in the
    Lowlands, where there is a huge risk of damage to trees by frost. Please note that in such places it is difficult to keep heat-loving cherries, apricots, plums and pears of many varieties.
    Nevertheless, it is rare, but it happens that in the garden with a high level of groundwater well grow and pear, and apple on the seed stock, and even cherry. Typically, such a site is located next to a river or stream, where groundwater is mobile and well supplied with oxygen.


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