Growing very large salad tomatoes - tips and secrets of care
Salad tomatoes - how to grow them extraordinarily large and sweet
In life, I did not think that agriculture would captivate me! She always lived in the city, and a friend almost forced her to buy a plot. I had to learn to work on the earth ...
But three years ago my husband and I left for the village, where there is running water, gas heating, a warm shower and a bathroom. That's where the experiments began.
My husband and Taurus, and this is the most hardworking sign, very persistent in achieving the goal, persistent. We do not break, but only exert ourselves more, but with retaliation. In short, they began to read literature and achieved some success. Our land is real black gold, you only need ingenuity and hard work. So I want to talk about my tomatoes.
I bought delicious large tomatoes, left the seeds, called them "salad", because I did not know what grade. In the first summer there were ordinary fruits, then put a greenhouse. Lots of literature flipped through. The following year, there were copies weighing more than a kilogram, and a year later 1 kg 400 g! This result is captured in the photo.
Now I want to describe in order, what and how I do.
First the seeds sow, like everything, then dive into bags of sour cream. I fold the bag in half to drop two pieces, in each section I sprinkle the ground on a tablespoon, put a seedling and even add a spoonful of soil, pierce the holes with a knife just above the bottom.
I put packages with seedlings in a small low box, making partitions in grades. I spray the sprouts and seedlings in syringe bags with warm standing water from the freezer adding a drop of iodine or a granule of potassium permanganate once a week.
It helps and from the black leg, and from other diseases. If mold appears on the ground, I dilute toothpaste in the water and water.
See also: What is the use of tomatoes?
As soon as the ground in the greenhouse wanders away, the forks loosen the soil and sow the mustard. Already in April, with a narrow scapula, I make deep holes, not removing mustard.
I do on two holes near, with a large gap from the following, to freely pass into the second row. Tomatoes I have two rows on each side of the path. In each row, the armature is dug, and the number of pairs of tomatoes on top are laid with slats, to which I tie tomatoes with a slight inclination from the adjacent bush.
Wells do deep, tomatoes are almost hidden in them, I spill hot water with potassium permanganate, I plant, mulch seed husks and walnut septums. Cut off, without touching the roots, mustard and put it near the holes, I splash solution from phytophthora, cover with lutrasilum, and top with polyethylene.
I do not put bottles with hot water, so the plants are warm. Through 10 days I open, water, once again I spray from phytophthors. Now no disease is terrible. I put bottles of water to support the shelter, if it's still cool at night, but without polyethylene.
Tomatoes are growing fast, mustard for mulching too. Now between the 1st and 2nd, 3rd and 4th rows I dig a ditch groove with jumpers through each meter. The land is selected for hilling tomatoes. Now it remains only to spray the grown tomatoes with a solution of boric acid (10 teaspoons per 10 liters of hot water) twice a season - this improves the fruit ovary.
Stepchildren I delete no more than 3 pieces at a time.
2-3 times a season I spray solution: 10 l water with 1 l milk or whey + 10 drops of iodine - for the prevention of late blight. In the morning, lightly tapping the trunks to improve pollination.
I pour from the hose with warm water into irrigation ditches in the morning after 10 days. After watering, I feed with yeast. To do this, I insist 100 g of yeast in a three-liter jar with 100 g of sugar for 3 days. Then I dilute half a liter of this sourdough into 10 liters of water, add 40 drops of iodine - this is 2 divisions in the syringe. For every meter I pour a bucket into the canal.
Instead of yeast I take a handful of mixed fodder on a bucket of water, I insist for 24 hours and water as well.
Can feed when planting in the hole put, 2 st. l. To the bear does not climb into the greenhouse, on the outside of the perimeter I make a groove with a depth of 3 cm and spill kerosene with a thin trickle. And immediately I fall asleep. I need one bottle for the entire greenhouse.
It was found that fresh
tomato juice inhibits the growth of certain bacteria and pathogenic fungi, lowers blood pressure and cholesterol level in the blood. In addition, fresh tomato juice has an anti-inflammatory effect. It is used for peptic ulcer, colic, cholecystitis. Also, tomatoes increase the body's resistance to unfavorable environmental factors.
Near the walls I plant those varieties that are lower, - cream, yellow, and in the center - high: Bear’s paw “salad”.
I pour some more grass with a handful of ashes onto a bucket of water. Ash pour under the root, from it, tomatoes are just tastier, sometimes I spray ash from the atomizer.
We eat tomatoes from the greenhouse until December, then we continue to green the houses until the New Year. I barely harvest everything, I spread lime, poultry droppings in granules, I loosen with pitchforks and sow rye till spring. Mustard in summer, I do not tear it out, but just cut it for mulch. Yes, I forgot to write that we have lutrasil on the ceiling under the film on the ceiling, so dew never flows to tomatoes, and the walls of the greenhouse are also covered to half, but the lower part of the walls and the door open.
See also: Review of the best tomato varieties - professional reviews
About everything little by little
Celery also became good. The first summer I planted it deeply, did not pick the leaves, the fruits were small and bearded, there was nothing but the leaves. The next year she didn’t deepen and gradually used the extreme leaves for salads with arugula and feta cheese. And last summer I planted between cabbage, which I sprayed for 15 minutes every night, and celery was the size of my head - sprinkling helped.
To Colorado beetle did not eat eggplant, I keep their roots in the diluted drug from the bug the whole day before planting.
And peppers sweet planted a couple in two rows, I do arychok, put the arc, cover with lutrasilom and water only in the ditch.
I plant onions only in seeds in egg shells, which I put in containers with small cells, and then in the furrow on the bed, clenching the shells in a fist. I tried to plant the seeds in the ground - not all sprouted and grew for a long time. I tried to sow in boxes - then trouble with planting. But in the shell is very convenient! I don’t like planting Sevoks: either the onion fly or the arrows will be thrown away, and the size and quality are not the same. And from the seeds of the bulb are selected, clean, and cheaper.
We have a full-length tape table on the veranda, windows to the south. In spring, it is completely filled with containers with seedlings, there is no need to cover it, the temperature is controlled by the door from the room: if you open it, it’s warmer, if you close it, you can get 15 °.
I also grow cucumbers with seedlings, but already in milk bags. After all, the packets are then easily cut to the side and bottom - the roots are not broken.
Peas sow under the winter or in March along the grid fence. For the winter I can preserve up to 15 jars of green peas.
Over the summer I dry on a sack of apples, pears, apricots, and then I distribute.
So, with the help of tips from smart magazines, a townswoman turned out to be a village woman in her old age. I’m about 70 years old ...
© Author: Elvira Alekseevna IGNATYUK
SALAD TOMATOES - GROWING, PLANTING AND CARE. GARDENER'S TIPS
SALAD TOMATO - MY GROWING SECRETS: PLANTING, CARE AND FEEDING
Unlike many other crops, this summer residents are planted, as a rule, according to the same patterns - in a line or in a checkerboard pattern. But it turns out that there is another extremely interesting option. Have you heard of him?
I bought a dacha 100 km from the city, I had to get there by train, and then walk five kilometers through the forest, and even with a backpack on my shoulders. You carry your food there, and you drag the harvest back. But once during such a "trip" a bully attacked me on the way and robbed me. It was scary - I couldn't find words ... And I left the dacha. I thought that after that I had definitely finished with agriculture. And what? Three years ago, she and her husband left for the village. The house has running water, gas heating, a warm bathroom with a shower - all that remains now is to work in the garden!
This is where the experiments began. My husband and I are Taurus, and this is the most hardworking sign, very persistent in achieving the goal, persistent. We do not break down because of difficulties, but only strain more and drag the cart further. Therefore, we began to read specialized literature and achieved some success. True, the Ukrainian land is real black gold, you just need to be smart and work hard. In general, the whole "gentleman's set" of vegetables now grows in the garden, but tomatoes are my special love. So I'll tell you how I handle them.
Once I bought delicious large tomatoes on the market. And I liked them so much that I decided to collect seeds from them for breeding. But I didn't know the name of the variety, and therefore decided to call them "salad". Sowed them. They sprouted and the bushes began to develop rapidly. In the first summer they bore fruit of the most common sizes. Then my husband and I built a greenhouse in the fall, in winter I re-furred a lot of literature, and the next year the bushes were already adorned with tomatoes weighing under a kilogram, and some even more. And in the third year, many specimens you grew weighing in general one and a half kilos! Of course, now in my collection not only "salad".
Now I want to describe in order what I am doing. True, how to prepare seeds for sowing and how to sow them, in "Dacha" and so it is written a lot, so I will not repeat myself, I have no innovations here. But I dive seedlings into plastic bags from sour cream. I prepare this container as follows.
D I fold the bags in half, pour 1 tbsp into each half. l. fertile soil, I put one "seedling" there, add another spoonful of earth, pierce several holes with an awl in the bags, slightly receding from the bottoms.
I put packages with seedlings in a low box with partitions - so as not to confuse varieties. I water the seedlings in bags (and before that, the seedlings) only from a medical syringe. And only with warm melt water (I take the "raw material" for it from the freezer), to which I add a few drops of iodine or grains of potassium permanganate. No matter what some gardeners may say, my experience shows that such a solution is good for both black leg and other diseases. If mold appears on the soil, dissolve the toothpaste in water and water the seedlings. There is another option for salvation: sprinkle the soil with crushed coal.
Now I will turn to work directly in the country. As soon as the ground thaws in the greenhouse in the spring, I loosen it with a pitchfork and sow mustard. And already at the beginning of April, with a narrow spatula, I make deep holes right along the growing green manure in the beds. And I dig them in two rows and in pairs, between which I leave large intervals. What for? And so that you can freely pass between them. Near each pair of holes, I dig in a piece of reinforcement, the upper ends of which I connect with a rail, and then I tie tomato bushes to the resulting support.
I make the garters in the shape of the letter V - for better airing of the landings.
Now I'm thinking of trying to make holes not in pairs, but in "companies" of three, the garter there will be W-shaped. According to my calculations, such an experiment has every chance of success. But let's see.
I'll tell you a little more about the holes. I dig them deep (the planted seedlings are almost hiding in them), spill hot water with potassium permanganate diluted in it. I mulch the plants planted there with husks from sunflower and pumpkin seeds, as well as chopped walnut partitions.
After that, I cut off the mustard and lay out its stems around the holes. I put a non-woven material on the beds, and on top of it I also put polyethylene. Ask if such a shelter crushes tender seedlings? No: his mustard stalks support. If the weather is cold, I put bottles of hot water between the holes to heat them. 10 days after disembarkation, I open the shelter, water the beds and cover them again. I remove the polyethylene when the threat of return frost passes.
Tomatoes grow quickly, and with them mustard, because the roots have remained in the ground. That's how the material for mulch keeps up with me! Between the rows I dig ditch-ditches with jumpers every meter, and I use the selected soil for hilling tomatoes. To increase the number of ovaries, I spray the plantings with the following solution twice a season: I dilute 10 g of boric acid in 10 liters of hot water. I delete no more than three stepsons from one. leg bush per day. The same number of times I process tomatoes with "bitter milk": I dilute 1 liter of milk or whey in a bucket of water with 10 drops of iodine. This is the best prevention of late blight.
FEEDING SALAD TOMATOES
All plantings are mandatory for the stepson, but I remove no more than three stepsons from each bush in one day, so as not to stress the plants. In the morning I lightly tap the trunks to improve pollination. As for watering, I do them every two weeks, and also only in the morning.
For this I use a hose connected to a barrel of warm water, and after water procedures I immediately feed the tomatoes with a “natural energy drink”. I prepare it in advance: I insist 100 g of fresh yeast and 100 g of sugar in a three-liter jar for three days. Then I dilute half a liter of this starter in 10 liters of water and add 40 drops of iodine. Say, will you be tortured by counting them? So you can make it easier, draw iodine into a syringe: 40 drops are two divisions. For every meter in irrigation ditches, I pour out a bucket of the resulting solution. Instead of yeast, sometimes I take three handfuls of mixed feed per bucket of water, I insist for a day, add potassium permanganate (until the solution turns pink). I apply this feed in the same way immediately after watering.
By the way, for better survival of the planted seedlings, you can add the same compound feed in 2 tbsp. l. into each hole.
I combine all dressing with an infusion of chicken manure and fermented grass. To prevent the bear from getting into the greenhouse, I dig a groove 3 cm deep outside the entire perimeter, pour kerosene into it with a thin stream and immediately fall asleep. The consumption of this good is small: one bottle is enough for me for the entire greenhouse. And so that the kerosene is poured out economically, I stick a cocktail tube into the cork of the bottle - the trickle turns out to be even and thin.
Now a few words about working with varieties. Near the walls in the greenhouse, I plant lower tomatoes (such as Yellow Cream), and in the center - taller ones (say, Bear's Paw, Bull's Heart and the same "salad"). I regularly pour ash under the roots, and sometimes I spray the bushes with its solution from a spray bottle. After all, tomatoes are only sweeter from ash! We feast on the fruits literally until December, and I have not had time to ripen by this time I remove from the bushes and ripen at home. I do not remove the tops of the plants - let them grow as much as they want. Why hurt the bushes again? As for the blanks, we don't like pickled tomatoes, but tomato juice is a real gift!
After harvesting, I clean everything in the greenhouse, scatter there lime and bird droppings in granules, loosen the ground with a pitchfork and sow rye. And in the spring I dig again with a pitchfork and sow green manure, only this time with mustard. I have already mentioned this, but I will add some details. Even in the summer, I don’t pull out mustard by the roots, but only cut it for mulch, but at the end of the season, after digging arychki, I finish sowing this siderat in their place. And I also forgot to write that under the ceiling in the greenhouse we stretch a film to scatter the sun's rays, and under it we put a non-woven material so that condensation does not drain onto the tomatoes.
And the walls of the greenhouse are also half-covered with non-woven and foil to better preserve the plantings from overheating.
But when airing (for this we open the door in the greenhouse), we raise the lower halves of the film strips for better air circulation in the room. Recently I read that the removed stepsons can not be thrown away, but planted in the beds in an empty space, and as a result, full-fledged bushes will turn out from them. Very interesting suggestion! After all, here we are not even talking about saving planting material, but about increasing its amount free of charge. I think we need to try this technique. If everything works out, then there will be no need to plant a lot of seedlings, otherwise there is not enough space on the veranda for everything. I also grow onions from seeds in eggshells, and parsnips and root parsley - in rolls of toilet paper and strips of plastic wrap. I also grow peppers - in cassettes for seedlings, putting strips of film in the cells under the plants in order to take out the seedlings without disturbing their roots. But we still need to find a place for lupines, geraniums, asters that adorn our front garden. You could, of course, build a small greenhouse specially for seedlings, but then you have to bend over the beds a lot, and age and back require care and special attention.
I would like to say a big thank you to everyone who shares their secrets, and to everyone who carefully selects and edits these ideas. This is how popular wisdom allows people to survive and feel significant, regardless of circumstances.
© Author: Elvira Alekseevna IGNATYUK, Kiev
THE MOST TASTY SALAD VARIETIES OF TOMATOES - VIDEO
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