Fresh greenery - tops of root crops: tasty and healthy
Fresh greens are always necessary, especially in the winter and early spring period, when the deficiency of vitamins and trace elements is particularly palpable. The experienced gardener will not be surprised by the pastry greens of onions, lettuce, spicy-flavored crops. And what about the domestic tops of root crops?
This is a simple, very exciting and rewarding work.
FRESH LEAVES OF REDIS very spicy. But radish is photophilous, and the winter day is short. Therefore, it must be lightened additionally (I use a fluorescent lamp of white color with an output of 80 W). Radish is cold, so the boxes are the place on the cool window sill. I choose fast- and medium-ripe varieties Dawn, Alba, Mokhovsky, which can be grown all year round.
I leave the distance between the rows not less than 10 cm, between the plants about 5 cm, the embedment depth - up to 1 cm. Radish loves potassium, so before sowing I bring a pinch of potassium sulfate or after sowing I dust the surface with wood ash and then lightly roll it.
Care for crops is simple - loosening and moderate watering. When the leaves grow (maybe a week after sowing), I also spray them, since the air in the apartment is dry during the heating season.
One feeding for the entire period of vegetation is enough. I dissolve a few grams of superphosphate and potassium salt in the water, add cow dung. But do not overdo it, otherwise all the force will go to the formation of root crops.
Young, acute taste of leaves are rich in vitamin C (it is there not less than in berries of sea-buckthorn or black currant), sugars, proteins, a number of essential amino acids, bactericides. Especially spicy give them mustard oil. We use leaves in salads, side dishes, okroshke and green soup.
Unlikely for the sake of young fragrant greens to grow on the windowsill daikon - Japanese radish. I practice two ways.
The first - with the planting of the root crop itself (early ripe varieties of a round shape are needed). I deepen root crops by 3/4 in a box with soil mixture.
The second method is hydroponic, for seeds. You can use any wide glass or ceramic vessel, such as an aquarium. I buy special pots for hydroponics, according to the instructions I fill them with a nutrient substrate - instead of soil mix I use vermiculite, sphagnum moss, perlite or gravel. A good substrate is peat (in combination with dolomite flour) or small expanded clay. I filter the water for the nutrient mixture, according to the instructions, enrich it with macro- and microelements (magnesium sulfate, ammonia and potassium nitrate, potassium chloride, boric acid, powder of salts of zinc, iron, molybdenum and copper). I deepen the substrate a little and sprinkle the seeds. Then I put a piece of wet foam. Two weeks later, I cut the crop.
The daikon plant is valuable for the optimal ratio of pectic substances, potassium salts, calcium, essential oils and enzymes, vitamins C and Group B. The daikon cleanses the body well even of radioactive substances, the juice is recommended for the dissolution of bile and kidney stones.
We use young, raw greens in salads. And the tops fried in oil are for a gourmet Japanese appetizer by Tsukudis (I had to try it with shrimp, soy sauce, avocado).
HERE TO BEETS it is better to drive out not earlier than the second half of winter, when daylight will increase. Small root crops (40-60 g), promptly cleaned and properly stored, with an intact head, I put in a box close to each other - this is the so-called bridge method, or one at a time from boxes of milk, kefir. Caution: do not touch the roots, otherwise it is easy to damage the main root!
I cover the bottom of the container with a thin layer of clean river sand. I put in the beetroot and fall asleep in fertile soil. The best mix is garden earth (previously disinfected with potassium permanganate or heating in the oven), humus and peat in a ratio of 1: 2: 3. I keep the root crops for a week in a dark and cool (8-10 °) place, then I provide them with light, which can be scattered.
Strike out the production on a warm window sill (someone can use the balcony or loggia), I try to keep the temperature below 18-20 °, without sharp changes.
Attention: apical buds can not be filled up! You can not water them either. In general, excessive watering is harmful - delicate sprouts quickly decay. Water should be at room temperature.
Monthly top-dressing includes a solution of ammonium sulfate (5 g per 1 L of water) and potassium chloride (2 g per 1 L). Gradually grow soft light green leaves, and to cut off, I start about 3 weeks after planting. I cut off (with petioles!) The outer leaves, and keep the central ones for the time being.
When the root crop is depleted, I replace it with a fresh one, in the same container. Only modest fertilizing and moderate watering are needed.
Delicious beet tops, exceptionally rich in vitamins and organic acids, fiber and sugars, pigments and easily digestible iodine, goes into the filling for pancakes, decorates our borscht and green salads.
© Author: V. ROSSIYSKY Belarus
GREEN FORWARDING - TIPS OF GORGERS AND PROFESSIONALS
In the winter we will be with greens
It's time to make sure that in winter there are always juicy greens at hand. The easiest way is to prepare root crops collected from the beds for distillation. If everything is done correctly, then at the beginning of winter they will “wake up” and until the spring will delight you with vitamins.
Suitable for distillation:
- ✓ parsley;
- ✓ celery;
- ✓ Swiss chard;
- ✓ beets;
- ✓ Cyclic salad witloof.
We clean on time
You do not need to harvest the root crops that you intend to drive out early, as they will accumulate more nutrients. But even before the first frosts it is impossible to tighten. If you can’t harvest on time, at least mulch the plants with straw or cover with a spanbond.
Store in sawdust
Store root vegetables in boxes, buckets or bags, sprinkling them with wet sawdust or sand mixed with limestone flour (0,5 kg per bucket of sawdust or sand). It is best to keep them at a temperature near 0 degrees. If you do not have a cellar or basement, take containers with vegetables to the balcony or to the coolest room.
Make up the soil
Since the nutrients for the growth of greens mainly come from the root crops themselves, it is impractical to buy soil for planting them. Better prepare it yourself.
- For parsley and celery, mix the ash with garden soil (250 g per 1 kg).
- For witloof suitable mixed in equal parts of the soil from the beds, river sand and peat.
- Plant beets in a mixture of sand and turf land (1: 1).
- Onions and carrots will like garden soil mixed with dolomite flour (1 tablespoons per 1 kg of land).
- Or a universal option: mix the soil from the beds with sawdust (3: 1).
Dates for forcing greens
To get as much greens as possible, expel vegetables at the optimum time for them:
- and carrots - since mid-November;
- rhubarb - from mid-December;
- beets - in January;
- celery and parsley - in February and March;
- onions - at any time throughout the winter.
© Author: Anton LESHCHEV, Cand. of sciences
DISPLAY GREEN - METHOD FOR VIDEO
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