HOW TO GROW THE HERBAL - PLANTING, TIES, CUTTING AND CARE
Who would have thought that such a prickly blackberry, delivering its thorns a lot of trouble to the dacha, in fact, quite touching and shy girl! And even her girlfriends are plain-looking (such, for example, how to conceal).
CROP YARNS REMOVE
As well, that more and more readers began to talk about the blackberry (for example, all my neighbors have it dissolved and very satisfied with it). I, of course, understand that the queen of the garden was and will remain a strawberry with raspberries, but the berry "menu" in the country house must also be diverse. Otherwise, just boring to deal with planting! Personally, I have on site two whole blackberry plantations.
Once upon a time I was presented with several blackberry roots. The hostess did not know the name of the variety, and it was impossible to establish it even more so, because at that time no literature about this culture was published. I didn’t have much gardening experience then either, but more than enough curiosity and enthusiasm. And here I want to make a small digression: I consider the above qualities as the most important for gardeners, because only thanks to them can experience and confidence be gained.
So, near the fence, I dug up the earth, put there humus, ash, rotted sawdust, sprinkled a little with mineral fertilizer and planted seedlings. They took root, but only in three or four years their roots came into full force and gave strong bushes with thick thick stems under the height of 2,5 m. Then I received the first crop of large berries with a rather interesting taste. I must now say that the blackberry does not require special care, but loves a gentle touch to it.
Here she is, a mysterious charmer: herself and strives to prick with thorns, and wants affection.
And for her, the most important thing is to lean on a friend’s shoulder, that is, on a reliable support. Her branches are heavy (not like raspberries), especially during pouring berries, so they strive to fall to the ground. And this is not so bad - they can break under the weight of berries. That's why a support friend for her must be reliable and durable. ABOUTthe usual wooden trellis here will not help. I coped with this task as follows.
See also: How to grow a cover blackberry
Around the bushes vertically dug in the ground at a distance of 2,5 m from each other remaining after repair cutting metal pipe with a diameter of 1,5-2 cm and a length of 2 m (outside left approximately 1,5 m) and pulled between them three rows of wire, thick line and synthetic rope (everything that I found on the farm). During this work it was found out that such long pipes are not enough, and we had to use short ones, driving them into the ground (above the surface it remained about 30-40 cm) away from the bushes.
To each such "shorty" tightly tied in two places with the help of wire and pliers on a long floss (the ground they do not touch so as not to rot), and then they hammered nails, to which I attached three rows of fishing lines and ropes. I liked this system, and on the same principle I built support for raspberries.
Many readers, by the way, write that both of these cultures should be cut to the root for the winter, bent more tightly to the ground and covered with non-woven material. Maybe this is really necessary to do in regions with an “evil” climate, but I have never done so. Every autumn, with raspberries and blackberries, I cut secateurs with old frustrated stems (they are immediately visible - their bark is dark) near the soil itself, and in young ones I cut off the tops by 20-30 cm and then each stalk is vertically tied to a support (so “at attention” and they winter). I throw humus under the roots. Sometimes, if it turns out, in late autumn or early spring, I spread mineral fertilizer right in the snow.
Under the blackberries and raspberries, the land is never loosened and watered. What for? After all, for all this there is to be heard! In June, when she is full of "beating", juicy and young, I tear it with my hands and tightly cover the whole space under and between the bushes, and I fill the humus and ash from above. As a result, moisture is perfectly preserved in the soil, and the soil is soft and crumbly. And we can forget about the weeding.
In the summer, additionally tie young growing stems and their many branches with berries to the supports of the ropes, as they are very fragile: just a little - immediately break. Therefore, in comparison with raspberries, there are a lot more work on the garter of the blackberry, but it gives the berries not an richer example. And also, between my bushes, a plum tree grew from the roots - I came to visit my neighbors, and I stayed. Now its trunk also serves as a support, and on its lower branches I lay the stems of the blackberry, without fixing them in any way.
Before I thought that the blackberry is not sick at all and no insects are afraid of it, but three years ago the leaves in all the bushes suddenly became covered with a dark coating and became sticky (this was also observed in the neighbors). For a long time I could not understand what was wrong, and then I noticed the whitefly fluttering over the blackberry. It turns out that she is also an enemy for the berry! Autumn treated the bushes and burned all the fallen leaves. Next year everything was already in order.
Blackberry root offsets I planted on a permanent place either in early spring (before bud budlap), or in autumn (in this case I cover the roots of the seedlings with a film, over which I fill the fallen leaves).
In general, plant blackberries, friends, and it will not let you down, you will always be with berries! And they have a healing power (for example, they help with coughing, joint pain). But the main thing is that you can use other parts of this plant. Say, a decoction of leaves helps with gastritis and stomatitis, it can be used as a sedative. A decoction of young branches helps with neuroses and dyspnea. Roots are used as a diuretic in dropsy.
© Author: Olga Poskoneva Moscow
GROWING BLACKBERRY IN THE MOSCOW REGION - PLANTING AND CARE. TIPS OF GARDENERS, REVIEWS OF VARIETIES
DIFFERENCE OF CARING FOR BLACKBERRY FROM CARING FOR Raspberry
The fact that blackberries are the closest relative of raspberries does not mean that the agricultural technology of these crops is the same. Judge for yourself.
It's time to drop suspicion
I’ve been doing gardening for more than half a century, so the collection of my green pets is quite extensive. And one of the main places in it has long been occupied by blackberries. I love this berry! And I’m upset that among the summer residents, she can’t get the deserved honor and respect in any way! Everyone prefers raspberries. And you’ll ask why the blackberry didn’t please, and you will hear in response that it’s capricious, they say, some ...
You will begin to understand further, and it turns out that people take care of her in the same way as raspberries, and often even a half-eye. With raspberry, this number can sometimes slip through, but with the beauty-hedgehog-vetch - no longer. But does this mean that it is "made out"? Nothing like this! You just need to know exactly what the blackberry wants. So I will share my observations.
I must say right away: this culture is more demanding on heat, therefore I always (!) Cover its bushes for the winter with two layers of non-woven material with a density of 60 microns. In the spring I take it off as soon as the buds begin to swell. But! You need to know that blackberries have very powerful roots that go deep into the ground. Therefore, if the stems freeze, it is not worth immediately uprooting the bushes, as some summer residents distressed by such a failure do.
There is a great chance that a developed root system will still allow plants to “wake up”: yes, of course, there will be few berries this year, but over the summer damaged branches can still grow to 2,5-3 m. None of the berries cultures does not have this property!
Due to such strong roots, by the way, blackberries and drought tolerate much easier than raspberries. So what - is that how capricious behave?
However, I will continue. I plant the blackberries in the spring. At the same time, I fill the holes exclusively with compost, so as not to burn anything with seedlings with delicate growth buds, which give shoots up to 1,5-2 m long and where fruit-bearing buds are already formed. That is why the blackberry begins to bear fruit in the second year. But how!
So, are mineral fertilizers absolutely contraindicated for blackberries? Not at all. You only need to know when they can be entered into the "menu". I personally begin to apply them only a year or two after planting.
When will the roots ripen?
Now a little about leaving. As soon as I remove the shelter from the bushes in the spring, I immediately shorten the branches and lay them on the trellises, and in the autumn I cut out all the old branches, performing this operation just like with raspberries. I must say that planting these two cultures cannot be combined: they have common enemies. Blackberries can be propagated in two ways - apical buds and root offspring. Both are good, but I prefer the second, because it does not require additional labor and time.
It should be borne in mind that offspring can be separated only from those uterine bushes that are two or three years old: by this time, the root systems are completely “mature”. Such seedlings are already ready for transplantation and even for shipment.
And now about such a lack of a blackberry as its pricklyness. I just do not consider this a drawback, believing that everything depends on habit and desire. But there are also shipless varieties - for example, the famous Thornfrey. As soon as I met him, I immediately prescribed him in the garden. Gorgeous blackberry! Firstly, the bushes do not require a large area, if you make the right trellis for them. Secondly, the plants are very decorative: they have charming lilac-pink flowers. In addition, this blackberry blooms in mid-June, so its flowers do not fall under return frosts. And closer to frost, when the berries begin to pour and ripen, the bushes become even more beautiful. And, thirdly, the fruits of Thornfrey are very large, elongated, reaching a length of 3-3,5 cm. It bears fruit from late July to October. I collect ripe berries in sunny weather every day, and in cloudy weather every other day.
© Author: Valentina Mikhailovna KABORGINA. Moscow region
GROWING BLACKBERRY IN THE MOSCOW REGION - VIDEO
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