REVIEWS ON GROWING ECOLOGICALLY CLEANER'S
When else, if not in August, enjoy delicious, tender eggplants? From them you can cook a lot of different dishes, make amazing winter billets. And that the "blue" was also the most useful for health (especially if you have a high cholesterol), we grow them using only biotechnology. No "chemistry", no supermereal and drug overdose even in such an extreme summer as the current one!
GENTLEMANS: NOTHING EXTRA, ONLY THE NECESSARY
If in the past years supporters of organic farming could be counted on fingers, today the number of people professing a healthy lifestyle and biotechnology is growing rapidly.
And thank God! I think that no one needs to agitate carefully and caring about the land and plants. Different stresses, diseases, pest attacks can be prevented in time, increasing the immunity of plants. To do this, we apply soft quick-wiping means - modern biologics. The strongest argument in their favor is healthy beautiful plants and a high yield of ecologically safe fruits. Both are good for us. The developed agrotechnics turned out to be so effective that it does not make sense to change it even after many years.
We begin to prepare the plot for eggplants at the end of September. We remove the leaves from the plant residues, add the quicklime (1 kg per hundred parts), plow and sow the seeds of mustard. In the beginning of November, as a rule, we conduct shallow cultivation and leave the winter plants of mustard on the bed. In April young mass shoots are mowed and closed up in the soil, forming rows for planting seedlings of eggplant.
In the autumn we usually prepare seedbeds for seedlings, which we take in a forest planting. A month before sowing the seeds, we transfer the earth to the non-freezing room (air temperature 15 ° C), lay it in shallow trays and spill it with a solution of manganese-acid potassium (1 g per 1 l boiling water). When the earth cools down, prepare the soil mixture: 10 L of land, 3 L of white sand, 0,5 L of wood ash, and add the biopreparation Azotofit-T (1 g for 1 kg soil mixture). Soil mixture carefully mix and leave indoors for the winter.
We sow eggplant seeds for seedlings in mid-February, focusing on the phase of the growing moon. We carry out pre-sowing preparation beforehand: the seeds in gauze bags are kept for 30-40 minutes in a solution of potassium permanganate (0.1 g per 1 liter of water), washed in stagnant water at room temperature and immersed for 2-3 hours in a solution of Azotofit-R (10 ml per 1 liter water) . After drying the seeds to flowability, we sow them in reusable cassettes of dense black plastic (8 × 8 cm). Before sowing the cassettes, we carefully treat the potassium permanganate solution, dry it, half-fill it with soil mixture and slightly moisten it
As a rule, in each cell of the cassette we sow on 3-4 seeds, sprinkle them with soil mixture (layer 1 -2 cm), compact. Then we transfer the cassettes in a warm (air temperature not lower than 24-25 ° C). bright, ventilated room.
After 6-7 days, as soon as the first shoots appear, we move the cassettes into a well-lit but cooler room (air temperature 16-17 ° C). To ensure that the seedlings do not stretch, we use a special lamp to carry out the illumination from 15 to 22 hours. Since we grow seedlings without picking, in the 2-x phase of real leaves in each cell we leave the two strongest and strongest plants, the rest we delete.
In the seedling period it is very important to protect young plants from the black leg. To this end, sprinkle the soil with wood ash and water with warm melt water, alternating water with a solution of manganese acid potassium (0,3 g per 1 L of water) The main thing is to avoid overmoistening the substrate!
In the phase of 4-x real leaves, we carry out the first root dressing of seedlings with a solution of bioglobin (10 drops per 1 L of water) For foliar preventive treatments against pests (thrips, tongs, leafhoppers) we use Aktofit's solution (10 ml per 1 L of water)
Two weeks before planting the seedlings on a permanent place, we gradually temper the plants - daily we take them outside, increasing the time spent in the open air.
Usually tall varieties of aubergine are grown in a greenhouse, and stunted - in open ground. This year 55-60-day seedlings were planted in a greenhouse 16 April, in open ground - a week later.
For seedlings, we make holes in which we bring in EM-Bokashi a week before planting, drink water and slightly loosen the soil. Planting seedlings, in each hole, we also put calcium nitrate (15 g, or a dessert spoon) for the prevention of fetal diseases.
In the future, care for plants is a regular drip irrigation, a garter of bushes of tall varieties of eggplant to the supports, as well as mandatory top dressing during the budding, flowering and fruit formation phase. For these purposes, most often we use boric acid. Azotofit and ROST-concentrate.
For the prevention of diseases and pests we perform foliar treatments with biological preparations: we prepare a tank mixture, in which the insecticide (Aktofit, Lepidocide or Biorade) fungicide (Phytosporin, Phytocide or Phytohelp) and Liposam adhesive. Spray the plants with a working solution every 15 days for the entire season, beginning with the transplanting.
Thanks to such care, the plants actively develop, blossom together and form beautiful healthy fruits.
A variety of growers that we grow
Every year we grow 25-30 varieties of eggplant. The basis of our collection is reliable, time-tested varieties: Alekseevsky, Bataysky, Kashalot, Maria Cornucopia Torpeda, Tsy-Ma, Sancho Panza, Truffle. Thick Barin Ink Jasper, Taste of Mushrooms and etc
Separate attention deserves the variety of the Samurai Sword, Bambino, Violetta Tuscany, White Lily and Philemon.
Sword of the Samurai - Early maturing variety (from shoots to the beginning of fruiting - 90-95 days). The bush reaches 120 cm in height. During the season, on one plant, up to 15 fruit weighing 200-220 g of an elongated bulb-shaped shape, length 20, is formed. The flesh is white, very tender. The variety is resistant to drought, heat and verticillium wilt.
Bambino - Early maturing variety (from shoots to the beginning of fruiting - 85-90 days). The bush is powerful, sprawling, up to 90 cm. Fruits weighing 400-600 g, oval, slightly segmented, white-pink in color with a lilac ebb. Pulp, white, dense, seedless. without bitterness. The value of this variety is the high taste qualities of fruits and stable fruiting.
Violetta Tuscany - medium-early variety (from shoots to the beginning of fruiting - 105-110 days). Fruits of mass 500-600 are roundish, dark purple. Pulp is snow-white, seedless. without bitterness.
Philemon - medium-early variety (from shoots to the beginning of fruiting - 110 115 days). The bush reaches 1 m in height, so it needs support. One plant forms up to 8 fruits weighing 400-500 g, an ellipsoidal shape and a saturated violet color. Pulp is white, slightly seeded. very tender, without bitterness. The variety is characterized by stable fruit bearing throughout the season,
White Lily - medium early variety (from seedlings to fruiting - 95-100 days). The bush reaches 70 cm in height. Fruits weighing 250 g are round-cylindrical. 15-18 cm long, white in color, with a thin skin. The pulp is white, dense, without bitterness. The variety is unpretentious to weather conditions. bears fruit during the season.
Every year we try to experience interesting novelties. This season, their choice was stopped only by three new varieties: Leader, Royal Caviar and Kasatka.
The leader is an early variety (from germination to fruiting - 80-90 days). The bush is medium-sized, reaches 60-70 cm in height. Fruits weighing 500-600 g are large, spherical in shape, purple-black in color, with a thin skin. The flesh is white and cream, absolutely without bitterness. Fruits can be stored for a long time without losing their taste.
Imperial caviar - early ripening variety (from shoots to the beginning of fruiting - 85 90 days). The bush reaches 80 cm in height. Fruits weighing 300 g of a prominent form, violet color. Flesh white, seedless, without bitterness, ideal for cooking caviar. The variety is resistant to unfavorable weather conditions and to a decrease in temperature.
Killer whale is an early ripening variety (from germination to fruiting - 90-95 days). The bush reaches 100-120 cm in height. The fruits are cylindrical. up to 20 cm long. dark violet color. The flesh is light green. tender, juicy, without voids and bitterness. The variety is characterized by high productivity - from 1 m 'you can get 5-6 kg of fruits.
It is said that a productive variety is 50% success. I will not argue, but I note - this is the merit of the breeder. And on the conscience of the gardener, who seeks to fully reveal the potential of the variety and get a high yield, care remains. The word is short, but capacious, how much it contains! Here is a busy schedule of irrigation-top dressing. and sleepless nights at the time of returning frosts, and endless vigils in search of disease symptoms, and even worse - pest attacks ... And only then - joy and pride from the sight of healthy plants, "exhausting" only under the weight of magnificent beautiful fruits.
From the "blue" you can prepare a delicious and original dish in just a few minutes.
You will need: 1 medium eggplant. 1 tomato. 100 g hard cheese. 2 clove of garlic. 1 st. spoon of mayonnaise, Provencal herbs (can be replaced with dill and parsley), basil, salt and pepper - to taste.
Eggplant cut in half, in the pulp, press deep longitudinal grooves with a fork, fill them with chopped garlic, salt, season with herbs and greens. Tomato cut into half rings, put on eggplant, spread on top with mayonnaise. sprinkle with grated cheese and send to the oven (or microwave) for 6-7 min. A fragrant summer dish is ready.
Growing Eggplants - VIDEO
© Author: Elena TIKALENKO. pos Experienced
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