BAD PIONON FLOWERS - REASONS
This summer, the peonies at my site did not please me at all. I would like to find out why they bloomed poorly and what should be done in order not to face the same situation next year?
Oksana Viktorovna PESTRYAKOVA
This summer, peonies bloomed earlier than usual, and therefore by the end of June they had almost completely faded.
And although peonies grow in many flowerbeds and in front gardens, not all amateur growers know that after the last flowers are cut off on a plant, the most important care of them begins. But many at this time the bushes are untidy, with dried and withered flowers. It provokes diseases. Gray rot, spotting appears on peonies, and some of the stems die off early.
Untidy peonies do not add beauty and charm to the garden plot, because some flower growers cut the stems to the ground without regret in the end of July so that the bushes do not spoil the view. And this is a mistake!
Still, peonies need help flower growers. What is required to do?
After flowering peony begins a turbulent life: there is an increase in renewal buds, which are laid at the underground bases of the stems. During this period, nutrients coming from the leaves and roots go to their development. This process continues for about a month's 1-1,5. And all this is happening in order to please the others with lush flowering next year.
After flowering should be cut to the first leaf on the stem of all withered flowers. Make sure that the fallen petals do not dry out on the leaves, flown around the flower, which is especially important in wet weather and with abundant dews. If you neglect this, the disease will appear quickly. Petals will inevitably cause rotting of that part of the sheet on which they fall, which will undoubtedly lead to gray rot and spotting.
You will also have to carefully inspect all parts of the plant and cut off those that are attacked by a virus or rust. You also have to say goodbye to rotten leaves and stems.
During this period, it is worth feeding the bushes, for which you need to otgresti soil from their foundations and “treat” the plant with infusion of wood ash (usually take a liter jar of 10 liters of water).
After flowering, peony bushes should also be fed with phosphorus and potassium. On the plant take 15-20 g of phosphorus and 10-15 g of potassium. It is possible in the dissolved form.
FLOOD AND PION TREATMENT
To protect peonies from diseases, after flowering, the bushes should be treated with one of the copper-containing preparations (Bordeaux mixture, copper sulphate, copper chlorine).
If the weather is hot and dry, the peonies should be watered, and it is obligatory! It is not superficial, but for the entire depth of the roots. After that, the soil must be loosened or mulched.
All of these works on the care of peonies will help to keep their beautiful appearance, and if you do all this by the rules, next summer you will not have to ask yourself: why do peonies bloom so badly ?!
There is another rule: you should not rush to trim bushes in the fall. This is best done when they "flatten" on the ground. Then wait for a sunny day and get down to business. Cut the stems need to 5-10 cm from the surface of the earth, and then you should sprinkle them with dry ash. When cutting the stems it is necessary to pay attention to the buds, which on 5-6 cm should be in the ground, otherwise the bushes should be rounded up to this height.
Peonies grow well on almost all soils of different climatic zones, however, they prefer well-cultivated loamy soils, they can’t only tolerate wet, wetlands. On waterlogged sites, drainage is made of broken brick, gravel and sand, or plants are planted on high ridges.
The further growth and many years of decorativeness of flowering bushes depend on how well the soil is prepared and planted. For planting, I prepare pits with a depth of at least 60 cm, 60-70 cm in diameter, loosen the bottom of the pit with a shovel, then fill the 2 / 3 pits with a mixture of compost, rotted manure and earth. Add 400 g of bone meal and 200 g of superphosphate to each pit. The top third of the pit, where the roots of the planted plant are located, I fall asleep only with soil taken from the top layer of the earth, without any additives.
Peonies should be planted so that the root collar is at a depth of 5 cm (on heavy soils) or 7,5 cm (on light soils). With a deeper landing, peonies do not bloom. I propagate peonies by dividing the bush, each dividend must have 2-3 buds. I divide and land from mid-August to the end of September. Peony care consists of watering, weeding, hilling, pruning plants for the winter, as well as top dressing. I feed plants from the second year.
I carry out the first feeding in early spring on melt snow with nitrogen fertilizers: 20-25 g in a dry form on a bush. I spend the second top dressing at the stage of budding with complex fertilizer: 25 g per bush or 30 g per 10 l of water. The third top dressing at the beginning of flowering with complex fertilizer is introduced, as is the second top dressing. The fourth top dressing - phosphorus-potash - is carried out a month after flowering: 25 g per bush. I bring all dry mineral fertilizers to a well-watered area, followed by termination with a chopper. Peonies on the site can be placed along the paths, in groups with other plants in the flowerbed.
From my experience I will give 10 the reasons for weak flowering or its absence.
- Plants are too young or underdeveloped.
- Set too deep or too shallow. Check and if the eyes are deeper than 7,5 cm from the soil level, transplant. If closer to the surface of the soil, transplant deeper.
- Large roots are planted without observing the rules of division. Dig, divide into small or standard delenki (3-5 eyes) and plant again. This is the cause of many failures.
- The buds died from late frosts, from heavy rains, from diseases (gray rot). Can be treated with copper sulfate.
- Plants are underfed. Buds appear, but do not develop. Fertilize to add strength to the plant.
- The soil is too dry. Pour to the base of the roots.
- The plants are undermined by moles.
- Planted too close to trees or in constant shade. Transplant.
- Transplanted or shared too often. After planting, the plant should be left alone for at least 10 years.
- Too much nitrogen. Reduce nitrogen-rich fertilizers.
Here are simple, but such important rules for the luxurious flowering of handsome peonies. Good luck
© Author: Elena Ponomareva, Voronezh
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