PROFESSIONAL SEEDING OF THE LAWN WITH OWN HANDS
EARLIER ALREADY WE HAVE TOLD ABOUT PRELIMINARY GROUND WORKS ON SOIL PLANNING, SITUATION OF DRAINAGE, WATER SYSTEMS - ABOUT THAT ALLOWS TO ENSURE A LONG-TERM EXISTENCE OF A LAZON. TODAY SPEECH WILL GO ABOUT SOWING THE LAWN.
FIRST ABOUT WEEDS
The most common way to control weeds is weeding when provoking their germination. The plot prepared for planting the lawn is watered, but the seeds are not sown for at least two weeks, but it is better to leave the ground under steam for 3-6 months. Lawn grass seeds can be sown until August 15-25, and if the site is already prepared by the end of April - beginning
May, then the land will rest under the ferry for about four months. Empty land should be covered with light l-trasil. The cost of it is small, and in the future it will come in handy when sheltering crops to protect against birds.
Weeds are always more energetic compared to cultivated herbs. They begin to germinate after a week, and after two weeks you can grab hold of their seedlings with your hand. The same can be said about rhizome weeds growing from pieces of underground stems (rhizomes) and roots remaining in the ground. Such weeds must be removed with special care - even a tiny piece of rhizome can give life to a new plant.
Well-proven purchased otder with a guard. This is a thick and durable bar, flattened on one side, which is formed by a fork, and mounted on a convenient handle. Between the handle and the fork there is an arcuate curved steel plate - a guard, which plays the role of a stop. A fork is stuck vertically into the ground near the stem of the weed and, by clicking on the handle, rod roots up to 20 cm long are easily pulled out.
WHEN TO SOW
You can start sowing the lawn when the night temperatures are set above 5 ... 8 ° C. Sown in dry, calm weather. The seeding rate is indicated on the packages - 40 ... 70 g / m2, but it is better to double it. The fact is that the norm determines the density of planting and is indicated for threshed (cleaned) grain, and in packages the seeds of lawn grass are found together with scales (husk). True, during long-term storage, the grains dry out and can be self-exfoliated. The cleaned grain falls down the package and the top remains empty husk. Therefore, in bags with a long shelf life, grass mixture must be mixed. But this must be done for another reason.
In small packages, grass seeds are more or less mixed. On packs weighing 10-40 kg this can not be said. Often, large quantities of lawn grass seeds come from abroad in separate packages with a volume of about 1 m3. The mixtures of them are made and packed up already here, alternately sprinkling the seeds in a bag with measurements according to the composition. Actually mixing does not occur. But even if the seeds were mixed, they are divided into fractions during storage and transportation due to different weight and size.
It happens, you come to the site and instead of even monochromatic you see spots. This is usually the result of improper fertilization. But if fertilizers were not applied, it means that the seeds mixed badly.
For proper mixing, all the contents of the package are poured into a trough, a baby bath or on a spreading film or geotextile and carefully, grabbing the entire volume, are mixed by hand.
Reference by topic: Lawn in the country with their own hands: care, sowing, etc.
FERTILIZER FOR CROPS
Sometimes there are indications in the literature that complex mineral fertilizers must be applied before sowing, although there is a thick layer of fertile soil. This relic of the Soviet era, when a huge amount of chemical fertilizers were thoughtlessly introduced into the earth, is dangerous - an excess of mineral salts contributes to a change in the acidity of the soil, reduces its fertility, salinizes it, and then a lot of time and money goes into reclamation. A fertile layer with a depth of 10-15 cm is quite enough for lawn grass.
HOW IT IS CORRECT TO SOW A LAWN
Before sowing, the soil is moistened and allowed to dry so that it does not stick to the feet. Buckets measure how much it takes
seed packing. Let's say 10 kg is 15 ... 20 liters. So, with a seeding rate of 100 g / m2 on 1 m2 150 ... 200 ml should be poured, that is, from 3/4 to 1 ordinary glass. This norm is divided in half. For sample mark on the ground 1 m2 and scatter one half of the norm in one direction, and the other in the perpendicular: from the right - to the left and from yourself - to yourself. Fallen seeds set the standard for density with which they should be sown. It makes no sense to measure the glass every time and mark out each square meter.
Usually sown together. One person scratches the wetted earth with a rake, usually making a strip about a meter wide, and another slowly sows the seeds. So gradually sow the entire area.
If the eye is not good, you can buy a seeder. The seeding rate in the seeders is set by the scale, but first you need to determine what division of the scale it needs to be set. To do this, the loaded seeder is rolled on an unfolded film and, having collected the spilled seeds, it is determined to add or reduce the intensity of the rash. Some seeders are equipped with scratch rakes - with their help, one person sows.
Seeds are small, they do not seem to need to be ground up, because in wild herbs they simply fall to the ground. But on the lawns there is a high probability of bird eating seeds and blowing by the wind when the soil dries. Therefore, it is worth rolling or sprinkle the seeds. However, I practice another way, conventionally called pollution.
The sown seeds are abundant, but so that they do not emerge, I water it with small spray. At the same time, the scratched earth is eroded, turning into dirt, and that, drying up, drags the seeds into the soil on 1-3 mm. Sparrows and pigeons ignore such dirty grain. But both they and small songbirds, and even crows, rooks and jackdaws grate on young seedlings with pleasure. Therefore, it is advisable to cover young crops with light lutrasil or spunbond density 35-40 g / m2. Covering material is fixed with metal pins, bent from wire, and removed when it is noticeably lifted from the pushing young weed.
See also: Flower lawn with own hands
The period before the first cut is very important for young grass: it is at this time that it comes into effect. Early haircut can ruin the plants. Therefore, the first cutting is carried out when the grass is just beginning to fall, at the stage of formation of the 3-4 sheet. In conventional crops, the grass reaches 12 cm by this time, in compacted, it retains its verticality up to 15 cm.
The first haircut is carried out in dry weather, very carefully, with a mowing knife well sharpened at 2/3 of the height of the grass, that is, up to 8 cm. After the haircut, the grass is watered and, if hot, treated with the antidepressant hormone epin. The second mowing is carried out upon reaching a height of 12 cm to a height of 6 cm, the third - upon reaching a height of 8-12 cm to a height of 4 cm, and then the haircut is usually carried out to this height. In dry summers, the mowing height is increased to 6 cm.
HOW TO SUBWAY THE LAWN
Grass is planted not only for the repair and rejuvenation of the lawn. Thus you can gradually cultivate a wild herbage. Of course, we are not talking about the ground lawn, but it is possible to achieve the similarity of a meadow or park lawn.
Stern pass by a rake shallowly, but trying to reach the ground, breaking through tangled stalks and stolons. Lawn mixture sown stubble at the rate of about 20 g / m2 - it's about 2-3 handfuls. The site is abundantly watered, trying to flush the seeds from the stubble. A similar operation is performed 2-3 times per season for 3-4 years. The speed of achieving the result depends on the endurance of wild grass and the intensity of mowing. If any sedge is stable, it is simply cut off with a shovel. Rhizome weeds deserve the same fate: thistle, thistle, dandelion, coltsfoot, etc., as well as low, well-tolerated mowing plantain, white clover, buttercup, bryozoans and others like them.
WILD GRASS SHOULD NOT BE EXCHANGED AND SELF-LIKE. HER MOVE OFTEN AND LOWLY
AT HEIGHT 4-6 CM. IN GENERAL, LEGGED HERBS ARE NOT DETERMINED AND GIVEN IT TO BE INTERCEPTED ON PLACE, BUT IF IT IS WORTH THE SUBJECT, IT MUST BE REMOVED.
See also: Moorish lawn (photo) with your own hands
CROWNING A LAWN - VIDEO
© Author: S. BATOV, CANDIDATE OF C / X SCIENCES
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