BLUE FIR IN YOUR AREA: BEAUTY AND LUXURY
© Author: Nikolai CHROMOV
Back in Soviet times, blue spruces were considered a symbol of luxury, they were planted at government dachas and near government institutions. Now they are used not only to improve the status of the owner of the site, but also as an ordinary ornamental plant.
Blue spruce can be a great decoration for absolutely any landscape, especially because it looks great at any time of the year.
Blue spruce is able to decorate the lawn, to revive any area due to the presence of a powerful trunk, sprawling crown and magnificent bent branches. Against the background of such fir trees any flowering grass, most trees will look great. Often blue spruces serve as the crown of the whole composition, but sometimes serve as a framing of a plot or a dwelling house.
Such a spruce came to us from North America, it was there that the tree acquired its main distinguishing feature - the needles with a beautiful bluish tint, which immediately catches your eye. The height of blue spruces in nature can reach or even exceed the mark of three tens of meters, however, at home, these beauties rarely exceed the height of two tens of meters. The crown of the tree, both in nature and in a private area, will be the same -conic.
BLUE FIR - LANDING
Ideally, the sapling of a tree should be about a meter high. Fine, if it is sold in a pot.
For planting, choose a soil fertile, fairly well drained and neutral. The hole for planting should be dug so that it is approximately 2,5-3 times the size of the roots of spruce. Compost (2-3 kg) or complex fertilizer (a teaspoon of nitroammofoski) must be added to the hole. Fertilizer should be poured directly to the bottom of the fossa, well mixed with the ground.
During planting, try to place the seedling in the center of the fossa, so that the bottommost roots touch the bottom of the planting pole slightly.
It is necessary to fill the landing hole with soil quite carefully in order to occupy all the voids between the roots. At the end of the landing, the ground must be very well watered, and the surface of it should be mulched.
Spruce loves moisture, so in order not to waste water, it is advisable to build a small groove around 3-4 cm around the hole, so that irrigation water does not spread over the area.
Beginning gardeners sometimes allow the slope of a tree, this usually occurs after an abundant initial watering. This should not be allowed, since in the further inclination can lead to a curvature of the trunk and damage to the crown shape. In order to keep the tree strictly vertically, it is necessary to put a support to the trunk, and to remove it next year, when the tree is hardened in the soil.
It is undesirable for planting such spruce to use untested soil soils, they can be infected with fungal diseases, which can lead to the death of the seedling. If there is no possibility to acquire a proven soil, then it is better to use forest soil for planting.
On dense clay soils when planting make sure to make good drainage, you can use crushed stone or broken bricks for this purpose.
Drainage will prevent soaking and rotting of the root system during prolonged stagnation of moisture, which is especially often observed on such soils in wet years with abundant precipitation.
In addition to moisture-loving spruce, it is worth noting its light-loving.
In view of this, you need to choose exclusively open places for planting, where the sun can illuminate the crown of blue spruce for as long as possible. Only in such a place can a blue spruce form an ideal crown - without bald spots, with evenly developed shoots on all tiers.
When planting on a site where fruit trees or berry bushes already grow, do not forget that the blue spruce grows very quickly. The shortest distance from fruit trees is three meters. But even if you planted a blue spruce too close, then in the future it can be carefully transplanted. This is best done in the spring when the soil is completely thawed.
CARE FOR BLUE FIR
Often blue spruce planted, forming from them a green hedge. In this case, you will need to cut out about half of the fresh growth on each growing tip in early spring.
Watering should be carried out at least once a week in dry weather.
Remember to fertilize, especially when the soil is poor in nutrition. Fertilizer can be applied to the soil in spring or in the middle of summer, starting from the age of four ate after planting. To apply for feeding, in fact, you can use any fertilizer with the exception of fresh manure - it can be fatal to blue spruce.
Beginning at about the age of seven, sanitary crown trimming should also be carried out. To do this, remove all dry shoots, diseased branches, broken or growing into the depths of the crown, those that grow too actively, knocking out of the general form of the crown or longline. Pruning should be carried out in early spring or late autumn. After this procedure, abundant watering and loosening of the soil in the forest zone are required.
In addition to irrigation, young saplings need weeding of the trunk circle and mulching of this zone with humus or compost layer in 4-5, see. In very dry weather, you can not only irrigate but also spray the entire plant crown with water.
Particularly careful care require plants transplanted in adult condition, the so-called krupnomer. This is because the transplantation of such trees inevitably loses part of the root system and disrupts most plant life processes. Such plants should be watered at least 12-15 times during the summer period, and you should try to use distilled water with a temperature of 20-22 degrees. In order for a powerful tree not to squint as a result of subsidence or excessive soil moistening, it is necessary to supplement it with large pegs and use special stretching, which should be tightened periodically.
Both when planting large-sized plants and when planting ordinary seedlings, try to observe the same level of planting as in the nursery, in the same place or in a container. Deeper and even more so it is not necessary to overestimate the level: a slight change in this parameter can lead to a prolonged illness or even the death of a seedling or a large plant.
BLUE FIR - REPRODUCTION
Most often, seedlings are obtained by sowing seeds, but sometimes in order to accelerate growth they use cuttings or grafting.
The seed method is the most common and affordable. To isolate seeds in winter, cones are collected, after which the seeds are soaked for about 18-20 hours in water or a weak solution of potassium permanganate. After this, the seeds are snowed, that is, placed under the thickness of the snow and left there until spring. Snow-making is a process close to the natural occurring in nature; it allows future plants to be more healthy.
Sowing seed material is permissible both in spring and autumn. For planting it is better to take boxes filled with loose sandy soil. It is not necessary to bury seeds too deeply in the ground, optimally around 1,5, see. Often, after 30 days or the next spring (when we dive under the sowing), spruce sprouts can be observed.
In the future, you can leave all the plants or feel like a breeder and choose the most beautiful in form and color of needles.
Blue spruce is often affected by diseases, mainly fungal, which cause a significant drop in needles or a significant change in its color. If you notice something similar, then there is no need to linger, you need to process the blue spruce with a foundation as soon as possible, preferably twice with an interval of 10-12 days. The optimal dosage for the treatment of adult blue spruce-South of the drug on a standard bucket of water.
Reference by topic: Blue Spruce Seed - Cultivation
BLUE FIR - SPREADING IN HOME: VIDEO
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