BERRY SHUSTERS AND FRUIT TREES - COMPATIBILITY
The rule of "good neighborliness" and compatibility is often used in growing vegetables. Is it suitable for perennial fruit plantations?
What trees and berries can be placed side by side, is it permissible to plant garden crops in their rows? Let's see.
First of all it is necessary to understand that mature trees create a shadow where not every crop can grow. In addition, by actively consuming batteries, they can leave their neighbors on a starvation diet. Some fruit crops are carriers of pathogens, providing them with temporary shelter.
In general, the garden and the garden can be a place of friendship or a territory of contention. Therefore, planning the placement of fruit crops, it is necessary to proceed from the characteristics of each plant.
When planting an apple tree, many are afraid that its shadow will “suppress” any plant, therefore they leave a decent piece of the site unused. I believe that raspberries are a great neighbor for apple trees. Where there is such a neighborhood, scab is rarely found on the apple tree, and raspberry itself does not lose much in the crop, especially if planting repair (autumn) varieties are planted. An apple tree does not mind if a pear is placed next to it, but, given that these two trees compete for soil nutrition equally, it is worthwhile to pay extra attention to top dressing in such a neighborhood. Sweet cherries and plums are also good neighbors, however a tall apple tree can obscure stone fruit with its thick crown.
You should not have a juniper next to the apple tree, since it is a "shelter" for some common diseases. Kalina and jasmine act depressingly on the young tree, and therefore they do not have to be planted close.
COMPATIBILITY OF PEARS
The pear will easily put garden strawberries under its shade, giving it protection from the scorching sun. And yet you need to be prepared for the fact that the yield of berries will decrease. And the currant planted not far from the tree has a positive effect on the productivity of the pear.
This tree easily transfers and even requires a neighborhood (but not closer than 1,5-2 m) of its “sister”, but of a different sort.
Flowers — marigolds, primrose, daisies, Carpathian bells — bloom beautifully and delight the eye under a pear.
At the same time, there should be no rowan near the pear, since the caterpillars of the mountain ash moth “attack” the fruits with pleasure. The nearby juniper is an intermediate carrier of dangerous rust that can cause significant damage to the tree.
Cherry when planting prefers to have in its neighbors its related stone fruit: cherry, plum, cherry plum, peach. So, sweet cherry plays the role of a natural pollinator, which has a positive effect on the yield of cherries. Good neighborly relations associate cherries with grapes, rowan and hawthorn. A nearby elder will stand up to protect it from aphids, “scaring off” its smell. Honeysuckle with respect to the distance in 1,5 m feels good in the shade of cherries. For efficient use of tree trunks, mint and lemon balm can be grown there.
However, do not place eggplants, peppers, potatoes next to cherries, as they are carriers of common diseases. The proximity to raspberries and gooseberries is unfavorable, since their roots, spreading around, have a negative effect on the root system of the cherry. You should not have an apricot near (despite the "bone" proximity).
COMPLETENESS OF PLUM
Plum can grow well next to the same height of apple trees. She easily experiences a neighborhood with a currant and gooseberry. Well gets on with a pear, but demands small spatial isolation. A little aside, garden strawberries will be nice here too.
If you want beauty, then thyme feels great in the near-trunk circle, which in exchange for shade and coolness helps to suppress weeds. Small flowerbeds from early flowering flowers - tulips, daffodils, primroses look beautiful.
It is not necessary to have a nut hazelnut next to plums. If there is fir or birch on the plot, it is better to stay away from them. Planting potatoes between plums should also not be abused.
Sea buckthorn in terms of suppressing neighbors and fighting them for food is a rather aggressive person, and therefore you should not have raspberries, currants and strawberries close to her.
This plant will feel great if there is a calendula nearby that fights with a raspberry fly. Plants such as parsley, garlic, marjoram will be scared off by pests. And red elderberry, tansy, marigolds and chamomile emit smells that do not allow pests to “smell” the raspberries wanted by them. The apple tree for raspberries is like a sister: it helps in the fight against gray rot. Raspberry bushes of roses and barberry will decorate the aisles.
At the same time, raspberries do not like the close proximity of garden strawberries. Their root systems fight for batteries and are mutually oppressed, as they are located on the same level. Do not plant raspberries near cherries - they have a mutual dislike. Poor effect on the root system of raspberries corn, which turned out to be nearby. Sorrel is able to suppress raspberry roots, and sometimes this property is used to limit the growth of berry bushes: their root offspring are not able to break through a strip of sorrel only 35-50 cm wide.
COMPATIBILITY OF CURRENT
Currant gets along well with those plants whose root system is located in the upper soil layer. So, you can safely sow onions on the sunny side, this will save the earth and at the same time "drive" kidney mites. The same effect and garlic.
However, perhaps the best neighbor of currants is gooseberries. These plants have much in common, which allows them to be grown using the same technology, and joint flowering allows them to pollinate, and this has a positive effect on the crop. Neutral currants belong to garden strawberries - there is no negative impact from such a neighborhood, but the red berry is not averse to using water intended for currants when watering. Therefore, in such a neighborhood do not spare moisture.
Currant is a light-loving plant, and therefore does not tolerate trees in the neighbors with a powerful crown hiding the sun from it. Negatively affects the berry culture and the raspberries raging in the neighborhood. Its powerful root system “eats” currants, and root shoots climbing in all directions negatively affect the roots of neighbors.
This culture is adjacent to no radish, carrots, radishes. And the legume plants sowed alongside not only loosen the ground with their roots, but also share the nitrogen accumulated in the soil. Onions and garlic, planted next to or between the rows, frighten off the smell of pests. Garlic at the same time serves the purpose of preventing late blight. In turn, parsley or sage can scare off arrogant slugs.
In the young strawberry plantings they have time to give the harvest lettuce and spinach. Marigolds sown along the berries, frighten off a number of pests and do not allow Fusarium to develop. To save space, you can plant strawberries in the near-bed space of trees with high crowns.
However, the berry plant does not like the neighborhood with potatoes and tomatoes, since it is with these plants that it competes most for nutrition. In addition, suffering from late blight themselves, they are its distributors and infect strawberries.
This berry plant does not tolerate close proximity of sunflower and Jerusalem artichoke. Neither does she enjoy the neighborhood of raspberries, which, growing, sucks out all the nutrients from the soil, leaving almost nothing strawberries. If cabbage comes close, which requires frequent and abundant watering, then the strawberries begin to suffer from excess moisture.
COMPATIBILITY OF FRUIT TREES - VIDEO
© Author: Dmitry Olegovich YURIEV, Kursk
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