LARGE TOMATOES - NAME AND DESCRIPTION OF THE BEST VARIETIES
For me, no vegetables are more beautiful than tomatoes. Despite the fact that the weather annually tests gardeners for ingenuity, and their plants for endurance, I managed to turn my garden into a fabulous country, where among the variety of tomatoes of various shapes and colors majestically located weighty handsome men.
TOMATO SIZE IS VALUE
Like many tomato lovers, I am particularly keen on large-fruited varieties of this amazing vegetable. Their fruits are very juicy and tasty, have an excellent appearance, are easily sold on the market, they are always admired by friends and neighbors. Large-fruited tomatoes are so good that they are suitable not only for fresh consumption, but also preparations for the winter.
Among the varieties of favorites - Rome, giant orange cream, Golden Pineapple, Cream cake. Watermelon
Rome, Italy) - medium late, high-yielding variety. Shrub height 120-150, see. Giant fruits weighing from 300 g to 1 kg and more cause delight - attractive, rounded-heart-shaped. red, fleshy, juicy, divine taste.
Cream giant orange - medium early variety. The plant reaches 115 cm in height. Fruits - large cream weighing 350-600 g, golden orange, fleshy, sweet. Tomatoes ripen gradually, which makes it possible to stretch the harvest from early summer to autumn. The fruits are ideal for making fresh salads, juice and ketchup.
Golden pineapple - mid-season fruitful variety. The bush is powerful. Fruits are large, weighing 300-800 g or more, flat-round, yellow-orange with raspberry-red stains, fleshy, low seed. Pulp balanced taste, very sweet, melting in the mouth. Tomatoes are suitable for fresh consumption and canning.
Cream cake - mid-season, high-yielding variety. The fruits are large, weighing 250-500 g and more, flat-rounded, creamy. The flesh is very tasty, sweet. Tomatoes of this variety are a great option for making mashed potatoes and juices.
TREATMENT OF LARGE-FARMED TOMATOES: STEP BY STEP
I grow tomatoes from self-selected seeds. It is very important that the bushes are abundantly fruiting and are completely healthy, and the fruits are fully ripe (but not overripe!). The washed and dried tomatoes are cut across into two parts and with a teaspoon I extract the seeds with pulp and juice in a small bowl.
Cover the pulp with gauze and put it in a dark place for two or three days to ferment. As soon as bubbles and a protective film appear on the surface of the mass, most of the seeds sink to the bottom, and the juice becomes clarified, I pour the contents of the vessel into a colander with a fine mesh and rinse thoroughly with running water until the seeds are clean. To select the fullest of them, re-fill with water. Then the planting material is dry to a complete lack of moisture.
Previously, she used paper towels, plastic pallets, etc. But it rained last season, and there were difficulties with drying the seeds. However, this problem was solved very simply. The fact is that my husband made an apidomic to improve his health by sleeping on beehives. And I thought:
“If bees are able to heal a person, why can't they do the same with my seeds - saturate them with healing power? They are also alive ... ” I thought and decided to put containers with seeds on top of the hives. And to check the result, the "bee" seeds were sown on a separate bed. Incredibly, during the whole season there were no signs of disease in tomato plants. I’m going to continue the experiment this year as well.
Tomato seeds for seedling sowing for 55-65 days before planting in open ground. To do this, I provide the room temperature at 22-26 ° C. Seeds are pre-disinfected in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. The soil mixture in the boxes is wetted well, then I make small furrows with a ruler (about 1 depth cm), spread the seeds in them at a distance 1 -1,5 cm from each other. Boxes with seeds cover the top with glass or plastic wrap. As soon as the seeds begin to germinate, I move the seedling boxes to the windowsills of a southern orientation. So that the seedlings do not stretch out, in the evening and at night, I finish them with daylight lamps.
After the appearance of two or three true leaves, the seedlings are transplanted into larger containers and on the 2-3, see deeper than they grew before. I water the seedlings abundantly, then carefully remove the seedlings along with the root system. I watch carefully not to damage the roots of plants. If the roots have grown together into a ball, water them and divide them. I pinch very long roots so that they do not buckle when they are planted, but only grow down. After picking a plant, I water it with warm rainwater.
A week before planting a seedling at a permanent place, I begin to harden it - in the morning and evening I stand for a few hours on the street.
Growing seedlings is an exciting process. And if you can get beautiful, healthy plants with a well-developed root system and a thick, durable stem, you get a powerful internal charge.
TRANSPLANTATION OF TOMATO GROWTH IN THE OPEN GROUND
In May, when the night temperature does not fall below 15-16 ° C. seedlings planted in a permanent place. I spend my pets landing in the evening to avoid direct sunlight. Then I water the plants with warm water under the root. Particular attention is paid to the leaves, because they, like the roots, are directly related to the processes of plant nutrition. I am cutting the ladders only in the morning so that the wounds heal over the day and no viruses have penetrated them. I watch that the leaves do not come into contact with the soil, because they can become agents of infection. For many years, growing tomatoes is well learned: you can not thoughtlessly remove the leaves, because with their help due to evaporation, the plant smoothes temperature fluctuations.
Tall tomatoes always form in one stalk, removing all stepchildren to the center point of growth. Tomato beds mulch straw, mowed grass, etc.
When the air temperature is 35 ° C and above, the plants experience an acute lack of oxygen, as a result of which the leaves begin to starve and twist. However, excessive leaf staining or pinching, frequent watering or large amounts of organic fertilizers, herbal infusions, and nitrogenous fertilizers amid a severe deficit of phosphorus, potassium, copper and calcium can also be the cause of leaf deformation.
This situation can be corrected by diluting 1 with a teaspoonful of potassium monophosphate into 10 l of water and treating bushes in need of help with this solution.
In large-fruited tomatoes have their own characteristics that must be considered in the process of growing. First, the formation of large fruits requires a lot of nutrients, so you have to feed the plants quite often. Secondly, so that the bushes do not bend or break under the weight of fruits, they need to be tied up with supports.
Cultivating tomatoes is not easy. But if you do it with love, conscientiously carry out the necessary agricultural practices, the plants will reward you with a bountiful harvest of tasty and beautiful fruits.
BEST VARIETIES OF LARGE-FRUIT TOMATOES - VIDEO
© Author: Tatyana ZADRANOVSKAYA, town Litin, Vinnitsa region
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