Growing and caring for tomatoes in the Belgorod region - gardener tips
Practicality is a hallmark of an experienced summer resident. Even in the waste of retail outlets, he can find something that significantly increases the yield. And such a moody culture as tomatoes.
For several months of observing the plants, I took photographs and will now try to tell about my favorites. And I'll start, perhaps, with tomatoes. In recent years, in the open field I plant them only between rows with oats. As I wrote earlier, oats should be planted in early spring (photo 1). I get three rows of tomatoes. By mid-May, oats grow to 30 cm, and just at that time I start planting tomatoes in open ground. I wait, when they will get accustomed and get stronger, and I begin to cut off oats. I do this for a season up to five times. Immediately mulch the space between the bushes.
But I don’t agree with those who plant tomato seedlings in the wells one by one and constantly stepchild them! All my life I plant two roots. The day before planting, I cut off the lower leaves and spray the seedlings with a growth stimulator. During the formation of the bush I leave all the stepchildren and wait for competitors to appear. This is sure to happen, do not hesitate: everything is as in humans and in all wildlife. I leave these competitors, and cut off the underdeveloped and oppressed ones. I also cut the lower leaves when the bush is gaining strength and the leaves begin to grow old and turn yellow. And when the formed bushes begin to fruit with might and main, I remove the leaves on the half of the bush.
I love tall and large-fruited varieties; I plant only small-fruited Truffle and De Barao, well, and for variety and beauty - Caramel, the fruits of her 30-40 g, very sweet and fragrant.
If the variety is large-fruited, then the tomatoes will be large. But, if you really want to grow a tomato weighing a kilogram, you can leave a few bushes without stepchildren and partially pinch off flowers. In general, I convinced all my sisters and acquaintances to plant two plants per well. Every year I plant a ox heart, Tea rose, Raspberry fleshy, Pink giant - they never let me down. Seeds gather their own. Of course, I plant other varieties (there are many of them, I will not list them), but I am talking about yield.
Now there are beer shops at every corner, and from there I pulled 30-liter bottles. It turns out that they do not pass them, but are thrown into trash containers. Each bottle I cut in half, cut off the tops and bottom. The containers were placed in a staggered order in two rows through 60 in a greenhouse. At the corners of the greenhouse, she placed whole, uncut bottles and filled them with water for irrigation.
How to grow seedlings, I will not write, a lot has already been written about this. The holes were fueled by collecting in a compost pile from previous years, with the addition of ash. I plant two plants in each container. I water and immediately stick the tubes with a length of 60, see. Where are they from? Each 30 liter bottle has a 60 cm long rod for serving beer. So, I collected these rod-tubes when I cut the bottles. In case of freezing, you can quickly and easily cover the seedlings (photo 2).
When a stable warming comes, instead of the rods, I stick the reinforcement №12 for garter bushes. I had the armature cut right on the warehouse with 2 m rods. It serves for decades, so it’s better to spend money once on a pedestal than to collect wood stakes every year. Moreover, the reinforcement bars are comfortable, do not rot, durable, take little space during storage in winter and keep the bush well, as the surface of the reinforcement is ribbed (photo 3).
As I plant tall and large-fruited varieties, the bushes have to be tied up in three or four places. And yet, when tomatoes begin to ripen en masse, garters begin to crawl down from the weight. And I came up with this. In the plumbing store picked up tees on the diameter of the valve. Each tee was put on the ends of the reinforcement and the garters were put right on Them (photo 4).
But I did not mount bushes to the upper parts of the greenhouse structures. And it’s strange for many gardeners: in the winter they clean the snow from the roof of the greenhouse — they get rid of the weight, and in the summer these unfortunate structures are as heavy as they are!
After all, I plant high-yielding tall and large-fruited varieties of two roots per well, and the bushes are entirely covered with tomatoes from the bottom up. Well, just immense harvests (photo 5-6). I add extra reinforcement to many bushes. I could not take a picture of the whole bush; only a fragment of it was visible.
During the season, I fill all my bottle containers with various mulches. I water only in containers, but when it is especially hot, then the whole area in the greenhouse. But I was afraid to mulch the space between the containers with tomatoes this year: last season I had a sad situation.
Tomatoes developed well, the ovary was very much, especially pleased Tea rose. I mumbled the whole area. I went into the greenhouse and was happy: the bushes were formed, tied up, the lower leaves were cut off, so I didn’t look at them too much. Watered rarely.
And then one day I see holes on the largest tomatoes. I began to carefully examine each bush, and I was seized by horror. There were so many green tracks! Adult individuals reached a length of 6 cm - directly some mutants. Hastily began to collect them, but there were a lot of them. Treatments with ammonia and vinegar essence diluted with water did not give a result, and since the tomatoes were in the stage of milk ripeness and had already begun to ripen, I did not dare to process them with chemistry.
I ran to the neighbors for advice. People came to look at these mutants, like in a museum. They were surprised, sentenced: "Well, animals." And then it dawned on me! It is necessary to remove the mulch. When I raked the whole mulch into bags and immediately burnt it, I began to shake the bushes. Oh, that had to be filmed ... How did these critters roll in! I have never seen anything like this in my life. Now on bare ground they were very clearly visible. And how smart! So I shook several times a day and immediately collected in a bottle with a wide neck. Then I cut off all the leaves to half the bush, and picked up and buried the tomatoes spoiled by the caterpillars.
In general, I lost more than half the crop. Bushes then fed. At the tops there were still many ovaries and flowers. I didn’t cut the heads off, let them grow in plenty, and the bushes themselves, relaxing the garters, lowered them as far as they could, because the tops were already resting on the greenhouse ceiling. Somewhere until mid-October I was harvesting. But it was not the same taste as the first tomatoes ripen.
What is interesting, none of the neighbors had such a misfortune. And on the beds in the open field, too. So this year I no longer mulch the ground in the greenhouse and check the bushes every day. For mulch, after all, care is also needed: it must be constantly agitated so that it does not stick, otherwise slugs from somewhere immediately appear and attack the plants. But they do not like to hide where the oat mulch lies.
This is where I didn’t wait for discovery: slugs like to hide under pieces of white plastic panels and where the torn celandine lies. Specially conducted an experiment. Now I am arranging collections for celandine slugs around the site.
I want to note that I constantly struggle with slugs, from year to year, but they multiply at an incomprehensible speed. When I go out to collect them early in the morning, even before sunrise, they are clearly visible on unfinished land. If it rains, the slugs also do not hide, but crawl freely wherever they want. Once, when it was drizzling, I saw a slug that was sitting at the very top of a raspberry branch and enjoyed a ripe berry ...
© Author: Tatyana Ilyinichna Podkopaeva, the city of Stary Oskol, Belgorod Region.
Below other entries on the topic "Dacha and garden - with their own hands"
- Preserving tomato hybrids for the winter by cuttings - an interesting way!
- Growing tall tomatoes - an overview of varieties and care (Volgograd region)
- Indeterminate tomatoes - tall varieties
- Tomatoes: deficiency of essential minerals and trace elements - symptoms and signs
- How to help tomato seedlings after frost (growth stimulants)
- To prevent tomatoes from cracking... Step by step instructions
- Varieties of tomatoes for the Bryansk region - my reviews and description
- Growing tomatoes (tomatoes) - planting and leaving from A to Z
- Garter tomatoes: a three-point instruction
- Dwarf Tomatoes (DWARF) - Which Varieties I Recommend
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