Growing a Korean Chrysanthemum - Planting and Care
An ancient Chinese legend says: “The white dragon tried to encroach on the sun itself. He tore it with his teeth and claws, and sparks fell to the ground and turned into yellow flowers, which later were called chrysanthemums. " These flowers, charming guests from the East, have become an integral part of our flower garden.
Amid a huge variety types and varieties of Korean chrysanthemum there are capricious beauties and charming unpretentious shy people who successfully grow in our harsh climatic conditions. When autumn is approaching and short cool days evoke sadness about the passing summer, chrysanthemums with their bright, chic and differently colored flowers delight us, uplifting. No wonder in the East they say: "If you want to be happy all your life, grow chrysanthemums."
Korean chrysanthemum, the most unpretentious and winter-hardy, as an independent species is not accepted. The first varieties were obtained by the American breeder A. Cummig in 1928 by crossing Siberian chrysanthemums, brought from Korea and called them “Korean daisy”, with a cultivated small-flowered cultivar. After further crossings, new varieties were obtained, which differed in their size, color, and shape of inflorescences. The name Korean chrysanthemum is firmly entrenched in these hybrids.
Korean chrysanthemums grow and winter safely on our site without any special agricultural practices. Many people call this chrysanthemum "oak", obviously, for the similarity of its leaves with oak leaves. Autumn enchanting bloom of these chrysanthemums decorates the site, as if completing the outgoing year. We select its varieties according to the following characteristics: compactness of the bush (tall varieties without additional supports quickly die down, because of which their decorativeness decreases); a variety of color, shape and size of the flower; good winter hardiness.
Growing chrysanthemums, some of their features should be taken into account.
In the shade, the shoots are drawn. This leads to a delay in flowering and affects the decorativeness of the plant. Therefore, choose a well-lit area for chrysanthemums.
Chrysanthemums do not like excess moisture. It is better to plant them in an elevated place, but keep in mind that the root system lies superficially, therefore, in dry weather, watering is necessary. With a lack of moisture, the leaves and flowers become smaller, look unattractive.
Reference by topic: Chrysanthemum Vegetable or Crowned (Photos) Grades, Planting and Care
Chrysanthemums are very responsive to feeding. At the beginning of growth, feed them with nitrogen fertilizers, and in the second half of summer - potassium-phosphorus. They will thank you with magnificent blossoms for such care.
Plants do not like crowding. Plant bushes at a distance of 40-50 cm from each other, over time they will grow and occupy the entire area provided to them.
Chrysanthemum roots grow parallel to the soil surface. Therefore, it is undesirable to deeply plant the plants when planting.
Chrysanthemums love loose, moisture-permeable, nutritious soil. In my area, the soil is heavy, loamy, so when planting, I bring in peat, sand and a little rotted manure.
Bushes grow rapidly and strongly. Without a transplant, the shape of the bush worsens, sometimes in the middle bald spots form. After 3-4, it is advisable to divide and transplant the plants. I made such a conclusion over several years of my observations. I dig out large bushes, divide into smaller ones and plant them in a newly prepared place. Transplanting and dividing is best done in the spring, in May or even later, which does not greatly affect growth and flowering. Planted plants and even a small process with enough food, heat and moisture again become lush, abundantly flowering bushes by autumn.
It is better to carry out an autumn transplant as early as possible (in late August - early September) so that the plants are well strengthened and prepared for winter. Water planted in the fall well, so that there are no voids in the ground through which frost easily makes its way to the roots. It is advisable to prune the bushes, leaving no more than a third of the stem, so that the roots do not waste food and better settle in the soil.
Chrysanthemums tolerate winters well. But for greater reliability, in the autumn, when the first frosts have already passed and the flowers have dried up, I cut the bushes, leaving high stumps, add a little over-ripened humus or peat and cover with a pine lapnik.
THE MOST OPPOSIVE VARIETIES OF THE KOREAN CHRISTIANS
For several years of studying various forms of Korean chrysanthemum, I selected the most unpretentious varieties.
LILEN MIST - low (about 50 cm), a flower on average 6 cm in diameter, pink-lilac in color. It tolerates our winters without any shelter. It grows rapidly, blooms quite early, is decorative until October.
OPAL is perhaps the most beautiful variety. Low bushes (30-40 cm) in the second half of July are pleased with chic large, up to 7-8 cm in diameter, bright yellow flowers. The variety is great for cutting. Winter-hardy and unpretentious, reproduces well. It can be used as a container plant.
LILSTIK - a low, compact variety (35-40 cm), flowers of deep dark red color, 5 cm in diameter. It blooms in September, blooms before the snow. Strong bush does not fall apart. Winters in the open ground without shelter.
BUZKOVSKY Hedgehog with low bushes, flowers with a diameter of 5-6 cm, with thin long, like thorns, lilac-colored petals.
SONECH - a grade high, or rather, the peduncles themselves, which is good for cutting. The flower is very large, up to 8-9 cm in diameter, yellow, chic, needle-shaped petals slightly bent towards the middle. It blooms early enough, it tolerates our harsh winters.
LILAC PERLINKA - one of the few varieties with large needle flowers, winters well. Flowering begins in late August. The diameter of the flower is 8–9 cm, the height of the bush is 40–50 cm. KOPIKETELLOU is a variety with a spreading form of the bush up to 40 cm high and original flowers with a diameter of 4 cm.
During mass flowering, the bush is like a yellow ball. The flowers are bright, densely doubled, cloves, twisted, with forked tips of the petals. The beginning of flowering is September.
LYUDMILA - one of the few varieties that looks beautiful in cut. Bushes are high - 60-70 cm, flowers are large (9-10 cm), lilac-pink, closer to the needle shape. The bush is lush, winters well.
The MONOMAH CAPE attracts with original curly bright red velvet flowers up to 10 cm in diameter. The plant is 50-60 cm tall; it begins to bloom early enough and winters well.
CHIO-CHIO-SAN - a high grade (up to 70 cm), with double yellow flowers. The flowering is plentiful, the flowers are small (6-7 cm in diameter), but there are so many that the bush becomes a solid yellow bouquet. The beginning of flowering is August. The bushes are strong, do not lie down, garter is not required. Winters well.
Often planting material is purchased in the fall, at this time it is convenient to choose your favorite color. When buying, look not at the bush itself, but at its roots. If the plant has open roots, give preference to a more powerful root system, on which there are many lateral shoots. Such a plant wins better. If chrysanthemum is sold in a pot, pay attention to whether there is a young shoot. Its presence indicates a good quality root system. I really liked the variety, but the roots are too weak? There is only one option - plant in a pot and keep until spring in a cool basement.
Try to get chrysanthemums grown in your area: they are less capricious and are already adapted to the local conditions.
HOW TO PLANT KOREAN CHrysanthemums in AUTUMN - VIDEO
© Author: A. LUKSHIN Republic of Mordovia
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