WHAT CAN BE PREPARED FROM ELDER
Some gardeners shun elderberries - they don't like the pungent smell of leaves.
Elderberry is planted in the garden, wanting to drive away the voracious rodents and pests.
However, this shrub is much more useful. The fruits of black and Canadian elderberry are edible, have medicinal properties.
In addition, varieties with variegated leaves are very beautiful.
Black elderberry is thermophilic, grows in the south, but also bears fruit in central Russia. They are black and ripen in August.
It tastes sweet and sour. In Europe, fruit varieties with high yields were bred: Sambu, Corsair, Gamberg (late ripe), Danau (early ripe). Decorative leafy varieties will decorate the site, while their fruits can also be eaten and processed. This is a golden-leafed Aurea, with an openwork crown made of carved leaves of Laciniata, Albarginate with a silver edge of leaves, Aureomarginate and Madonna with gold. Black Beauty, Gerda, Purple with dark leaves, and the variety Eva is called "black lace" due to openwork.
Originally from America, Canadian elderberry. In the middle lane, plants can freeze above snow levels. The Indians ate the fruits of this species long before the Europeans arrived on the American continent. She also bred a variety of varieties, including decorative ones with edible fruits.
Elderberry (leaves, inflorescences) people have been treating for a long time. We will not repeat how many different diseases elderberry treats. Here are just a few recipes that can be put aside "in the piggy bank."
Vitamin tea is made from a mixture of black elderberry, currant and rosehip fruit. Use 0,5 glasses of 2 once a day.
prepared from the flowers of black elderberry, fruits of barberry and raspberry in equal quantities. Accepted with a cold in the form of hot 0,5 cups at night.
Sweatshops tea. Black elderberry flowers, linden, peppermint leaves are mixed in equal amounts. 1 Art. tablespoon the mixture pour 2 cups of boiling water and boil 5 min. Accepted for colds by 1 glass (this tea is more effective than linden tea).
Laxative tea is prepared from the flowers of black elderberry, fennel seeds and anise in the ratio 3: 1: 1. 1 Art. spoon the mixture pour 1 a glass of boiling water and insist 30 min.
Diabetic tea is prepared as follows: Dried black elderberry fruit (1 tablespoon) pour 1 a glass of boiling water, leave for 20 minutes and drink a quarter cup three times a day after meals.
1 Art. spoonful of dried black elderberry fruit, fill 2 with glasses of warm water and leave 40 min. Now cook the broth, bring it to a boil and filter. 2 Art. tablespoons honey sweeten the drink. It is better to drink it warm.
Pass the peeled elderberry fruit (500 g) through the meat grinder, add sugar (500 g), pour 1 a glass of water and cook over low heat until cooked.
Heat the fruit drenched in water over a fire and hold for 15 min. Remove from the stove. Separate the seeds (this is convenient to do by rubbing the berries through a sieve). Add sugar and citric acid (per 1 kg of mashed mass -1 kg of sugar and 15 g of citric acid) and cook. Marmalade should thicken, then quickly pour it into molds.
Boil 3 liters of water and cool. Add 0,5 kg of sugar, 2 lemons, sliced into slices, and 6 black elderberry inflorescences. Put in a warm place - let it wander for 5-7 days. Filter, pour into a bottle with a stopper, cool. You will get an original fizzy drink.
Elderberry jam with walnut. When the elderberry is already finishing flowering, collect the inflorescences, rub through a sieve to shake off the pollen. Pour boiling water and leave for 10 min. Drain. Bring fresh water to a boil and lay out scalded flowers. Add 1 kg of sugar, 0,5 liters of honey, 3 cups of walnuts (based on 1 kg of flowers). Cook over low heat for 15 minutes, removing from heat and again setting 3-4 times.
Prepare the dough from 1 cups of flour, 2 cups of milk, 3 eggs and 1 st. tablespoons of vegetable oil. Separate the flowers of black elder from the pedicels and dip in the dough. Sauté, sprinkle with powdered sugar and cinnamon.
Elderberry grows in the middle lane everywhere. Unlike black, it has red berries, which are considered inedible, although not poisonous. Direct shoots are suitable for making strong grape supports. The infusion, made from inflorescences and leaves, repels aphids and buds from currants, ognevka from gooseberries, weevils from raspberries. It is noticed that the pulp of the fruit helps cleanse heavily soiled hands.
From the second half of May until mid-summer, my black elderberry is strewn with huge yellowish-white inflorescences, from which a delicate heady aroma emanates. It's time to prepare valuable medicinal material.
I cut off the inflorescences completely, dry them with a thin layer on paper in a room with good ventilation. The whole family drinks tea from flowers for colds, coughs, high fever (2 tsp. Raw materials per 250 ml of boiling water, leave for 10 minutes) - one cup three times a day.
It's a pity, but gardeners are often dismissive of elderberry. Although this plant, in addition to benefit, can become a decoration of the site.
Elderberry grows both in the sun and in the shade, but in the illuminated area, of course, the shrub (or tree) will be more beautiful. This is especially important for plants with variegated or colored leaves.
You can plant an elderberry already in the coming fall. But if the soil is acidic, postpone the work until spring, and in October, under digging, add dolomite flour (200-400 g per 1 sq. M).
Elderberry is unpretentious, I feed it once a year (in April or October) with mullein solution (1:10) or complex mineral fertilizer. I cut the tree in early spring, removing weak and damaged shoots, as well as root branches.
To give the elderberry a decorative look, you can trim the vertical shoots to the side branches. Due to this, the foliage will be large, the crown is dense. But if you carry out such pruning every year - elderberry will not bear fruit. To achieve a crop, you need to leave annual shoots. The fruits are usually harvested in September.
© Author: Stepan USHENIN, Krasnodar Territory
HOW TO BREAK
Elderberry can be propagated by all known options.
Seeds are sown on a special bed under the winter to a depth of 3-5 cm and mulched with peat. Shoots will already appear in the spring. But with seed propagation, the properties of the variety are not always preserved.
Varietal elderberry is usually propagated by cuttings. Green cuttings are cut from June to August. In a greenhouse at a temperature of + 25 ... + 27 degrees, and humidity 85-90%, they quickly root. In autumn it is already possible to land in the ground.
Lignified cuttings 25-30 cm long are cut in autumn and planted in open ground to a depth of 15 cm, leaving only one bud above the ground. In the autumn of next year, rooted plants are carefully transplanted to a permanent place.
© Author: Lyudmila MURASHKEVICH, teach, corp, department of berry crops RUE "Institute of Fruit Growing" RB
Elderberry - USEFUL FEATURES AND RECIPES - VIDEO
© Author: A. KUKLINA, candidate of biological sciences GKRLI
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