DECORATIVE CEREALS - PHOTOS AND TITLES
Cereal flowers are small and inconspicuous, but collected in large and often extremely spectacular inflorescences. Another feature of these plants is the ability to form dense thickets and curtains that look attractive and can be successfully used in garden compositions.
Speaking of cereals, one should not forget about their thin, graceful stems and attractive leaves, which can be painted in very unusual openings.
DECORATIVE CEREALS ALWAYS EFFECTIVE
Grass cuttings not cut in autumn not only continue to play the role of a vertical component of a snowy garden
they rustle pleasantly in the wind and look great after a snowfall or in a coat of thick hoarfrost. It should not be forgotten that the seeds of cereals left for the winter will help birds survive the cold season.
Tall cereals, which will be discussed below, are suitable not only for flower beds and mixborders. A curtain of giant grass can play the role of a large bush or tree, and planted in a row specimens can be a real hedge. Group plantings of tall cereals will protect more delicate plants from the wind, will serve as a spectacular backdrop for bright flowers.
The Cereal (Roaseae) family has more than 10 thousand species. Wheat, rye, oats, barley, corn, millet, rice from ancient times have been an indispensable source of food. Some cereals, such as bamboo, are valuable building material.
1. Miscanthus, reed, cortaderia
2. Arundo reed "Variegato"
4. Miscanthus Chinese "Variegatus"
5. Arundo Reed
6. Tall cereals are good in the background of the mixborder
Representatives of the genus Arundo (Arundo) in nature grow in Southern Europe, North Africa, as well as in the temperate zone of Asia. In ornamental horticulture, one species is widely used - reed arundo, or giant reed (A. donax). Its natural distribution spans the Mediterranean. North Africa, Middle East.
Perennial herb 1,5-4 m tall. Under the ground there are long thick rhizomes, from which rather densely leafy stems 2-3 cm in diameter extend. Grayish-green leaf blades reach 30-60 cm in length and 2.5-6 cm in width. Flowers are collected in apical inflorescences, panicles that appear on plants in the second half - late summer. Lush green plumes reach 40-60 cm long. It should be noted that the giant reed seeds are rarely tied, but they reproduce well vegetatively with the help of creeping rhizomes.
Currently, there are decorative forms of this plant, for example variegated, with white stripes on the leaves.
PLACE OF DECORATIVE CEREALS IN THE GARDEN
The garden prefers a sunny location, loose sandy or peaty soils. It can grow in shallow water near the shore of a reservoir, but winters better when planted in a dry place.
Unfortunately, it is not very hardy. Even in the southern regions it requires shelter for the winter. In the middle lane, it is suitable for culture in containers, which in the cold season are kept in a cellar or other cool dry place.
In the garden, it looks great near ponds, in the background mixborders, in the form of tapeworm plantings against a lawn. Its impressive size makes the giant reed beds look like bamboo groves. Planted in a flowerpot, can decorate the patio, the entrance to the house. Propagated by seeds and division of the curtain.
1. Reed reed
2. Cortaderia Selo "Aureolineoto"
3. Cortaderia Sello
4-5. Miscanthus Chinese
The genus Veinik (Calamagrostis) has more than 200 species growing in temperate regions. In decorative gardening, two species are widespread reed-shaped reed (Calamagrostis arundinacea) and pointed flower (Calamagrostis acutiflora), as well as their varieties and garden forms.
Reed reed (Calamagrostis arundinacea) in vivo is widespread in almost the entire temperate zone of Eurasia.
This is a perennial herb with creeping rhizome. Forms dense turfs. numerous stems reach a height of 0,6-1,5 m. The reed-shaped clumps look like thickets of tall grass: thin straight straw-stems, narrow green rough leaves. Inflorescences are also narrow: greenish or grayish-yellow panicles up to 25 cm long, acornifolia
The reedweed reed (Calamagrostis acutiflora) is a natural hybrid of reed and terrestrial reed (Calamagrostis epigeios). Outwardly, it is very similar to the previous view, except that the panicles are more magnificent and the leaves are slightly wider.
Veiniki valued for fast growth and unpretentiousness. They feel good when there is a lack of sunlight (in partial shade), on excessively moist soils. Natural species grow quite aggressively with the help of creeping rhizomes. Varietal plants are deprived of this ability, they make neat, thick curtains that for a long time maintain acceptable sizes.
There are varieties with striped leaves (white, golden), with unusually colored inflorescences (golden, lilac). Propagated by seeds and division of the curtain.
Race Cortaderia includes about 20 species common in South America and New Zealand. In decorative gardening, one species is most in demand - pampas grass, or Cortaderia Sello (Cortaderia selloana).
This impressive cereal forms very dense turfs up to 3 m high, resembling giant bumps. Long, narrow bluish-green leaves with sharp edges can easily cut unprotected skin. Lush greenish, later grayish panicle inflorescences proudly billow on tall sturdy stems. It blooms in the second half of summer - in autumn. Propagated by seeds and division of the curtain.
Race Miscanthus includes about 40 species distributed in the tropics, subtropics and in the south of the temperate zone in Asia, Africa and Australia. In decorative gardening, it is most often used Chinese miscanthus (Miscanthus sinensis), its garden forms and varieties. In nature, this species is found in the Russian Far East, in China. Korea, Japan.
Perennial 0,8-2 m tall, forming dense compact turfs. Juicy green leaves of a natural species in garden forms can be with longitudinal or transverse white or yellow stripes, as well as reddish. Graceful inflorescences resemble long silk brushes. In culture, quite numerous forms and varieties of Chinese Miscanthus are usually used.
HOW TO GROW
The garden requires a warm, sunny, protected from strong cold winds location and cultivated fertile soils. It starts growing late enough when the soil warms up well. During hot dry periods, watering is required. In spring and early summer, fertilizing with nitrogen-containing fertilizers is useful. For winter, Miscanthus requires good cover *. The ground part of the plant is cut at a height of 20-30 cm, the remaining "hemp" will also serve as a heater. In spring, such a stubble can be slightly shortened. Propagated by seeds and division of the curtain.
Race Millet (Panicum) includes about 450 species, distributed mainly in tropical areas around the world. Only a few species grow in temperate regions. In ornamental gardening, the most common is millet (Panicum virgatum).
In nature, this species is found throughout the North American continent. At present, there are many varieties that differ in the color of leaves and inflorescences.
Rod millet is one of the main types of cereals that grow in high grass prairies. It is a grassy rhizome perennial reaching 2.7 m in height and forming lush, hummocky clumps. Narrow green or bluish-green leaves clothe graceful thin stems. Flowers are collected in openwork panicles up to 60 cm long. The curtain of blooming millet looks extremely decorative. As if a green geyser is breaking out of the ground, scattering thin jets in all directions.
CARE OF PLANTING
The garden prefers a sunny location and fertile, moderately moist soil. It starts to grow back quite late when the soil warms up properly. It responds well to spring dressing with nitrogen-containing fertilizer. In the midland, varietal plants need light shelter for the winter.
1. Arundo reed "Variegato"
2. Miscanthus Chinese
3. Rod millet Apache Rose
Race Reed (Phrogmites) includes 4 species native to moist tropical and temperate regions around the world. Reed South (Phrogmites australis) is often grown in gardens and parks. Due to the long creeping rhizomes, this powerful perennial can form long (up to a kilometer or more) thickets along the banks of reservoirs, in shallow waters.
Southern reed is contraindicated for artificial reservoirs with a film coating of the bottom
The stalks reach 2-6 m in height, so that reed beds can compete with a real forest. The dark green leaves of 20-50 cm long and 2-3 cm wide dress the stems almost to the top. In the second half of summer, an inflorescence panicle is shown from the sinus of the upper leaf. Lush dark purple plumes look very impressive against the background of strict greenery, shimmer in the wind with shiny silk.
The garden prefers a sunny location, excessively moist soil. It can grow on dry substrates, but grows extremely weakly and loses most of its decorative effect. When planting, it is necessary to provide for an area limitation, since the reed grows quickly and powerfully. The rest does not require special care. Winter-hardy. Dry stems are pruned in spring. Easily propagated by rhizomes and division of the curtain.
DECORATIVE CEREALS - VIDEO
© Author: M.Novoselova Photo: Y.Roskov
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