- ✓ BY SEEDS AND SPRINGS
- ✓ NEW AND BEST VARIETIES OF TOMATO (TOMATOES)
- ✓ Features of care
- ✓ TOP TOMATO VARIETIES - VIDEO
- ✓ NEW AND MOST POPULAR VARIETIES OF CUCUMBERS
- ✓ WHAT IS BETTER: OPEN SOIL OR GREENHOUSE FOR CUCUMBERS?
- ✓ Self-Pollinated (Parthenocarpic) Cucumbers. WHAT IS IT?
- ✓ CUCUMBERS FOR SALTING
- ✓ CUCUMBERS FOR GREENHOUSES
- ✓ BEST VARIETIES OF CUCUMBERS - VIDEO
- ✓ ZABATCHIKES - NEW AND BEST VARIETIES
- ✓ BEST VARIETIES OF ZABATCHES - VIDEO
- ✓ Variety of Eggplant
- ✓ BEST VARIETIES OF ZABATCHES - VIDEO
- ✓ PEPPER VARIETIES
- ✓ BEST VARIETIES OF PEPPER - VIDEO
- ✓ CARROT VARIETIES
- ✓ BEST CARROT VARIETIES - VIDEO
- ✓ BUSHES
- ✓ YOSHTA VARIETIES
- ✓ Gooseberry Varieties
- ✓ BEST VARIETIES OF THE GOOSEBERRY - VIDEO
REVIEW LIST OF NEW VARIETIES AND VEGETABLE HYBRIDS IN ONE BIG ARTICLE
And of course, we did not forget about garden shrubs and trees - nothing more, all the most interesting.
The pages of the latest issue also look for everything about the benefits of dried fruits, the best recipes for using mint in the kitchen and, of course, answers to your questions, dear readers.
BY SEEDS AND SPRINGS
Each person, keen on a summer residence, with anticipation awaits the opening of a new summer season. A special thrill is the choice of seeds. Each of us enthusiastically reads about new products, trying to remember interesting "tricks" and bring them to our country life. An experienced summer resident begins to engage in the selection of plant seeds with the end of the previous garden season. After all, this process must be approached thoughtfully, remembering the smallest details, is not it? We decided to think about it with you and prepared an interesting selection of new products and the most popular varieties.
By the way, new products in this area appear annually, each of them in their own way is interested in summer residents. Someone is curious to observe the process, noting for themselves interesting features, someone is looking forward to the results. In this situation, the main thing is to remember that it is not recommended to plant the whole garden with new products, sweeping away the familiar varieties for a long time. After all, this may end in disappointment. It would be more correct to stock up with proven varieties, supplementing them with only a few "beginners", thus, introducing more and more innovations every year.
NEW AND BEST VARIETIES OF TOMATO (TOMATOES)
TOMATOES AND THEIR HYBRIDES: NAME + DESCRIPTION
Tomatoes are one of the main crops present in almost every garden. This is not surprising, because we not only absorb them in the season, but also stock up on a wide variety of sunsets from this vegetable, rich in all kinds of vitamins. It is safe to say that this is the favorite culture of most gardeners. This year there are many new varieties that you can try.
All tomatoes are divided into two main types. These are varietal tomatoes and hybrids. Distinguishing them is quite simple, since the name F1 is necessarily present in the name of the hybrid plant. Hybrids are bred artificially and differ in that the seeds of such tomatoes have a higher yield, higher resistance to adverse conditions, diseases and pests compared to varieties.
It is interesting
Russian farmers created a disease-resistant tomato hybrid and called it the “Mentor”. It is not inferior in yield and disease resistance to the Dutch hybrid. Large-fruited, beautiful and, most importantly, fragrant and tasty. According to Russian scientists, large-scale production of this hybrid will begin in one and a half to two years.
In the open ground, varieties and hybrids with the shortest possible ripening periods are most often planted. We recommend you pay attention to:
Darinka F1 - an ultra-early hybrid characterized by continuous fruiting. The plant is determinant, the bush is medium-open. The fruits are small, of a classic round shape, red, smooth, with an average weight of 90-110 g. The fruits are resistant to cracking and are capable of long-term transportation. Great for fresh consumption and pickling. The hybrid is recommended for cultivation in open ground and film greenhouses.
Semarol - ultra early determinant variety of Czech selection. Fruits are oval in shape, dark red in color, aligned, with an average weight of 80-90 g, dense. The plant is compact, the fruits are reliably protected from direct sunlight by leaves. Designed for growing in open ground and film greenhouses. It is recommended for whole-canning, processing for ketchup and for fresh consumption.
Suria F1 - early ripe (75-85 days from seedlings) determinant hybrid with plum-shaped fruits. Semi-open type plant with good protection of fruits from sunburn. It is characterized by excellent fruit setting, even at low temperatures, and friendly yield of the crop. The fruits have good resistance to microcracking, weighing 100-120 g, four-chamber, red. The hybrid is intended for cultivation in film greenhouses and open ground. Recommended for fresh consumption, as well as for processing.
Shake - ultra early determinant variety of Czech selection. Fruits are oblong, dark red, aligned, with an average weight of 80-90 g, dense. The plant is compact, open type. Designed for growing in open ground and film greenhouses. It is recommended for full-preservation, processing for ketchup and for fresh consumption.
Lognein F1 - Mid-early determinant hybrid for open ground. The plant is powerful, well leafy, reliably protects the fruits from sunburn. Fruits are rich dark red in color, very dense, evenly rounded in shape, average weight - 160-200 g. Excellent keeping quality and marketability, well transported over long distances. Recommended for fresh consumption and processing.
Varieties and hybrids of early tomatoes of the season-2020 for growing in a greenhouse
TM 66 F1 - early determinant hybrid. A medium-sized plant with short internodes. Fruits are round in shape, weighing 260-310 g, rich red color, dense, with good keeping quality and portability. It is recommended as an early culture in film and glazed greenhouses, as well as for growing in open ground. For fresh consumption and processing for tomato products.
Waldo - ultra-early determinant variety. The plant is medium-sized. Fruits are pear-shaped, red, with an average weight of 20-24 g. Crack resistance and density are medium. The variety is universal and well adapted for growing in open ground, as well as for film and glazed greenhouses. Recommended for fresh consumption and processing.
Let's dwell on the latest varieties and hybrids with increased productivity.
The first thing we'll start with is the Linda F1 tomato. Mid-early determinant hybrid. The plants are powerful. Fleshy fruits, mass 240-
Pablo F1 - indeterminate (unlimited growth) early ripe hybrid for film and glazed greenhouses. Fruits of red color, round, dense, weighing 150-170 g. The crop forms quickly, on the first 6-8 hands. It is recommended for fresh consumption and for processing.
De Barao - these are tomatoes with fruits weighing 100 g, which yield 4 kg from a bush.
Verlicca + F is resistant to disease.
Yakimanka F1 Fruits tomatoes weighing about 230 g.
310 g, red, dense, well tolerate transportation. Recommended for cultivation in open ground and film greenhouses. Ideal for fresh consumption and processing for tomato products.
When choosing seeds, the main thing is not to get confused: tomato variety Linda - the fruit of domestic selection related to the subspecies of the cherry, the second is a hybrid, is called Linda F1 and is the result of the work of French breeders, bears fruit in large beautiful fruits.
The main advantages of this hybrid include:
- • the possibility of planting both in the greenhouse and in open ground;
- • gives a big crop;
- • easy to transport;
- • all summer residents emit impressive weight and size of this hybrid, which make even an experienced vegetable grower wonder;
- • very high taste;
- • resistant to temperature extremes;
- • resistant to various diseases;
- • beginning of fruiting - July;
- • suitable for processing.
Features of care
The gardener with a hybrid tomato will not have any trouble: the tomato does not need complicated care, it is rarely sick, it pleases with stable and plentiful crops.
How to grow tomato Linda F1?
For 55-60 days before the intended planting in the soil, it is necessary to sow seeds for seedlings. Hybrid seedlings are grown in the same way as seedlings of any other tomato varieties: the seeds are laid out in soft-fed soil, sprinkled with soil or peat and irrigated with water.
After 5-6 days, the first sprouts begin to break under the film. It's time to transfer the seedlings to a bright place. Tomatoes need to be dived when two real leaves appear on the plant - they must be transplanted into a separate container.
The first feeding takes place during the dive period, for this they use a mineral complex designed for tomatoes.
Tomatoes are planted in a permanent place according to the scheme: 4 bush per square meter.
Care: regular watering (preferably drip), top dressing, weeding, protection against diseases and pests.
It is recommended to form a hybrid in the following way: in addition to the main stem, leave the stepson below 1-2, getting the 2-3 stem. All stepchildren growing from internodes are removed.
When planting tomatoes in the ground, you should focus not so much on calendar values as on weather conditions. Transplanting bushes is possible only under the condition that there are no night frosts, and the soil temperature is at least + 15 ... + 18 ° C.
Tomato General F1
Lovers of summer cottages, especially fans to plant tomatoes in the open ground, will be interested in this particular hybrid. And again we need to say thanks to the French breeders, because it was they who brought General F1. Plants of this hybrid are determinant, that is, after the appearance of a certain number of inflorescences, they are self-limited in growth.
It is interesting
What are the characteristics of this hybrid? It is early ripening, the ripening time from planting seeds is 107-110 days. The height of the bushes reaches 60-70 cm in height, which also attracts some summer residents. Forms inflorescences according to 4-6, from which a bunch of tomatoes then grows. The average weight of one fruit is 220-250 g, sometimes it reaches 280 g. The shape of the fruit is round, slightly flattened. Coloring bright red, without splashes and spots.
Consider the pros and cons of this hybrid. The pluses include:
- • high productivity;
- • does not experience any problems during transportation;
- • has a very mouth-watering and attractive appearance;
- • characterized by stable immunity to viral and fungal diseases: verticillosis, fusarium, alternariosis and gray rot.
There are few disadvantages of this tomato, and they are insignificant for lovers of high-quality tomato hybrids.
During the season, tomatoes need to be “treated” 3-4 times with inorganic fertilizers containing nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus. Abundant watering, weeding and loosening of the earth, hilling - these are frequent processes during the growing season of plants.
For 1-2 weeks before transplanting General F1 seedlings into the garden, it is necessary to temper: take it out for a while, ventilate the room.
It is worth noting that, judging by the characteristics of the hybrid and the responses of summer residents, this tomato is suitable for making tomato paste, juice, lecho, salads, and, of course, for fresh consumption. The yield of the variety is up to 12 kg with 1 m2.
Tomato Pink Bush F1 pink
This is a hybrid of an early ripe tomato, which can be safely advised to summer residents.
It is interesting
Scientists argue that the use of pink tomatoes specifically reduces the risk of the formation and development of oncology, as well as improves the functioning of the immune and cardiovascular systems, and helps fight the depressive state.
Let's look at the main characteristics of the hybrid:
- • the first fruit ripening occurs in 90-100 days after emergence;
- • undersized, determinant;
- • has immunity to fungal diseases;
- • weather changes are fearless: temperature changes, extreme heat, leaves and fruits are not prone to sunburn. This hybrid can be planted both in closed and in open ground;
- • the color of ripe fruits is saturated pink.
Such hybrids can hardly boast of their size, but they differ in good productivity and aromatic fruits.
The height of the bush depends on whether these plants are grown in a greenhouse or planted directly on the site. Hothouse bushes can reach 1 m in height and height, and in open ground hybrids grow no more than 70 cm.
Despite being classified undersized, the Pink Bush F1 is often tied up in open ground due to the high yield on the flower brush. Under greenhouse conditions, the Pink Bush F1 will grow best on trellises.
Let's look at the main pros and cons of this hybrid.
From the pros, you can distinguish:
- • high productivity: bushes are abundantly covered with fruits;
- • high immunity to various diseases;
- • good taste;
- • the hybrid feels equally good both in open and in closed ground;
- • compact bushes.
However, this hybrid has its drawbacks:
- • dim color of sauces during preservation;
- • high cost of seeds;
- • Due to the fact that it is a hybrid, it is impossible to collect seeds from ripened tomatoes.
As you can see, the flaws are not so significant that because of them to refuse to breed these tomatoes.
We must not forget about foliar top dressing, especially during the flowering of tomatoes. Spraying plants with a solution of boric acid will increase the number of ovaries.
Hostess a note
Pink Bush F1 takes several rows in our garden. We grow seedlings ourselves. Caring as usual. It is only necessary for plants more space.
Alla, 43 of the year, Slutsk
I grow Pink Bush F1 in a polycarbonate greenhouse. Friendly ripening, prominent fruits. Early tomatoes always sell well, and this hybrid has the advantage of pink color and shiny skin. Yes, and delicious. I advise you to plant!
Anton, 31 year, Mogilev region
Ingredients: 2 kg of tomatoes (cut in half); 4 bell peppers; 2 heads of garlic; 2 red hot chili peppers; greenery.
Dressing: 100 g of vinegar, 100 g of vegetable oil, 100 g of sugar, 2 Art. l salt.
Pepper, garlic, red hot pepper twist in a meat grinder, mix, cut the greens. Lay in layers in a three-liter jar, then add a mixture of vegetables and herbs. Close the jar with a lid, turn over, put in the refrigerator. If set in the morning, in the evening everything is ready! Enjoy your meal!
TOP TOMATO VARIETIES - VIDEO
NEW AND MOST POPULAR VARIETIES OF CUCUMBERS
It is hard to imagine summer without crispy cucumbers. Moreover, it is difficult to imagine cold winter evenings without delicious salty beauties. It just so happened that on any (whether festive or everyday) table we always have this delicious and crisp vegetable. That is why cucumbers, not at all inferior to tomatoes, are also one of the main suburban crops. Currently, a huge variety of cucumber varieties is presented both for greenhouses and for open ground.
Open ground cucumbers we can classify as follows:
- • self-pollinated (parthenocarpic) and bee-pollinated (with predominantly female flowering);
- • with bundle and single types of ovary.
According to the method of preparation, the classification is as follows:
- • for salting;
- • for conservation;
- • for salad.
See what interesting options there are for open ground:
- • Zozulya;
- • Claudia;
- • Masha F1;
- • Phoenix;
- • Finger;
- • Chinese variety.
For the greenhouse, such hybrids are suitable:
- • Gunnar F1;
- • Björn F1;
- • Cedric F1;
- • Satin F1;
- • Valeria F1;
- • Meringue F1.
WHAT IS BETTER: OPEN SOIL OR GREENHOUSE FOR CUCUMBERS?
Khleborodov Anatoly Yakovlevich, specialist of the Institute of Vegetable Production
For cucumbers, it does not matter where you plan to plant them - in open ground or in a greenhouse. It is important which grade you choose. If we are talking about planting cucumbers in a greenhouse, then these are parthenocarpic (self-pollinated) varieties. This variety of cucumbers feels great in a greenhouse. At the same time, their landing in open ground is also allowed. Bees pollinated cucumbers are planted in the open ground, which, incidentally, are best suited for salting. By the way, if cucumbers are bitter (and sometimes this happens even if you bought a special variety that should not give bitterness), this means that the fruits suffered either a sharp temperature drop or suffer from a lack of moisture. Another reason for the bitterness of cucumbers may be dry weather.
Let's look at the self-pollinated hybrids Prestige F1 and Gunnar F1 (for a greenhouse), as well as varieties of cucumbers for pickling.
Self-Pollinated (Parthenocarpic) Cucumbers. WHAT IS IT?
These are cucumbers that do not need pollination by bees. The peculiarity of these cucumbers is the structure of their body: they have in one flower both a pestle (masculine origin) and a stamen (female component). The presence of such a structure implies a self-pollination process, when fruits with seeds are formed on their own.
It is worth knowing
Do you know that compared to bee pollinators, more self-pollinated cucumbers are considered more productive? In connection with the technology of reproduction of vegetables of this type, the probability of the appearance of fruits is much higher.
Self-pollinated cucumbers impress summer residents with their incredible taste: sweet, without bitterness, with a pleasant crunch. Moreover, they are all almost the same size, beautiful in shape, have a long shelf life, which simplifies the process of preserving them. Is this not a grower's dream?
As for the appearance, the handsome men have a cylindrical shape of dark green color with light short longitudinal stripes. Another plus in the piggy bank of these guys is that they have a thin peel with small tubercles and spikes. Sizes: length - up to 8-9 cm, diameter - 3-4 cm, weight - 50-95 g. Great for fresh use, for appetizers, summer salads and pickling for the winter. They do not have the bitterness characteristic of cucumbers. Although it is necessary to understand that many characteristics depend on the variety of seeds.
By the way, self-pollinated cucumbers are also perfect for growing in greenhouses, since bees do not always have access to flowering crops in greenhouses.
Self-pollinated cucumbers Prestige F1 occupy leading positions among the most popular in 2019 year, gathering more and more fans into their team.
In open ground conditions it is possible to collect up to 20-25 kg with 1 m2. A medium-sized plant with small foliage, indeterminate type (the main stem is not limited to flower ovary). A bundle type of ovary. What gives Prestige F1? Stable harvest, early ripening, good taste, self-dusting, stress resistance (tolerates transplanting and picking), disease resistance.
This hybrid has practically no negative qualities, gardeners eagerly list its positive aspects, namely:
- • excellent taste;
- • universality of use;
- • long shelf life;
- • resistance to temperature extremes;
- • easy tolerance of transplants;
- • long fruiting period;
- • resistance to major diseases;
- • self-pollinated.
So, the seeds are ready. What do we do next? To start, we fertilize the beds with organic top dressing. We dig it, spill it with plenty of hot water, cover it with a film for a week.
After preparing the soil, seeds are sown on the beds - 2 seeds per hole to a depth of 2-4 cm. The distance between plantings is 50x30 cm. So seedlings do not obscure each other. During growth, a standard care procedure: watering, weeding, pinching, cultivating, controlling diseases and fertilizers.
CUCUMBERS FOR SALTING
It is important to know that not all varieties of cucumbers are suitable for pickling. Let's get it right.
How to determine if cucumbers are suitable for pickling? The fruits of the vegetable should be spiked, and such cucumbers are grown only in open ground. It is also necessary to pay attention to the thickness of the peel. For pickling and canning, varieties with a green peel are suitable. It is better not to take overripe and yellow cucumbers, as their peel and seeds will be very rough and hard, and also add a specific aftertaste.
Ideally, for pickling, it is better to take coarse-cucumber cucumbers with black or white spikes.
Do not wait for a crunch from thin-skinned cucumbers. The elastic tail indicates the freshness of the fetus. Such cucumbers are ideal for harvesting.
By the way, there are cucumbers that feel great both in open ground and in greenhouses. Their fruits are oblong, 8-11 cm long. They can be consumed both fresh and canned.
There are many hybrids of cucumbers for pickling, for example:
Boron F1 - Mid-early hybrid with a predominant number of female flowers (requires pollination by bees). The fruit is smooth, beautiful in shape, intense green with faint stripes. Medium-sized tubercles, numerous. The ratio of length and width is 3: 1. Hybrid is fruitful. Resistant to downy mildew. Suitable for pickling and pickling, while maintaining a beautiful green color.
Julian F1 - Mid-late hybrid with a predominant number of female flowers on the plant. The fruit is cylindrical, light green with long stripes, with black spikes. The ratio of length and width is 2,7: 1. The hybrid is very productive, bears fruit until late autumn. Fruits do not tend to form empty chambers. Recommended for pickling, and especially for pickling.
CUCUMBERS FOR GREENHOUSES
Cucumber Gunnar F1 is an early parthenocarpic (self-pollinated) hybrid. The first fruits can be harvested 1-1,5 months after emergence. The fruiting is extended, the fruits are harvested every 2-3 days, and with abundant productivity - once a day. The plant is compact, open type. In the node forms 2-3 fruits.
The length of the fetus is 12-14 cm, their shape is cylindrical. One big advantage of the hybrid is that bitterness is completely absent.
Advantages of this hybrid:
- • high productivity;
- • after full ripening, cucumbers do not lose their shape, do not become “barrel-shaped”, the taste does not deteriorate;
- • good keeping quality; they are transported without problems;
- • attractive dark green color of "Zelentsy".
The disadvantages we can attribute the high cost of seeds.
It is interesting
By cultivating Gunnar F1 cucumbers, you can make a good business: they are profitable for sale and mass marketing of production. Due to the excellent merchandising qualities, the demand for the fruits of this hybrid is consistently high.
Hostess a note
Dish with salted cucumbers recipe
Ingredients: 500 g meat (pork, chicken breast possible), 1 pickled cucumber, 2 Art. l chopped walnut kernels, 1 bunch of greens (parsley, dill), 2 garlic cloves, 3 st. l mayonnaise (you can half with sour cream).
Cut the meat in portions. Beat with a hammer, salt, pepper. Fry on both sides until half cooked. Sauce: finely chop greens, cucumber, add garlic, nuts. Add mayonnaise (or sour cream) to make a thick mass. Put the meat in a mold, with a thick layer on top - sauce and put in the oven at 220 ° C for 20-30 minutes.
BEST VARIETIES OF CUCUMBERS - VIDEO
ZABATCHIKES - NEW AND BEST VARIETIES
Zucchini is a fairly popular, healthy and popular vegetable in our area. Unprincipled, high-yielding and affordable product. The variety of dishes from this vegetable is also impressive!
Let's get it right. There is a huge variety of varieties of zucchini. And yes, they also can boast of their constant updating - all the time there are new varieties of this vegetable. By the way, the birthplace of zucchini is Mexico, over time, zucchini began to take root in Europe, and at first only its seeds were consumed. Do you know what is the most unusual dish of zucchini? Stuffed flowers of this vegetable! Let's take a closer look at this handsome man.
How to plant zucchini? It is advisable to start preparing the soil for zucchini already in the fall, digging to a depth of 20-25 cm and adding 1 and 2 30 g of superphosphate and 20 g of potassium sulfate. Zucchini is not friendly with plants of the pumpkin family, and it is also not recommended to plant it in the same place for several years. Our hero will be happy to live on the soil after potatoes, beets, cabbage, carrots, onions. To plant zucchini, you need to choose a warm and sunny place.
When sowing, the seeds are pre-soaked in water without chlorine, and then immersed in soil to a depth of 3-4 cm.
Zucchini is planted in open ground every 50-70 cm so that the plants do not experience a nutrient deficiency. Some people lower a seed in one planting hole on the 2-3 seed, and after emergence, thin out, leaving in each hole one of the strongest and most well-developed plants.
Watering the zucchini should be under the root as the topsoil dries up, usually no more than once every 10 days. Due to excess moisture, the tip of the zucchini may begin to rot. But if the summers were dry and zucchini were thirsty, their stems could crack and suffer from root rot. Some experts advise to completely stop watering 7-10 days before harvesting to avoid the risk of decay. To provide zucchini with the necessary trace elements, you can use a mixture of 5 g of superphosphate, 2 g of urea and 1 l of water. The first feeding is carried out ten days after the emergence of seedlings, the second - a week later.
Let's traditionally consider some interesting varieties of zucchini:
• Green zucchini, for example, varieties Startgreen F1 and Dunia F1.
Startgreen F1 is an early hybrid of zucchini bush squash. The plant is compact, very productive. The fruits are smooth, with a smooth shiny surface, cylindrical, dark green in color, 15-25 cm long. Fruits in a fairly long time, have a good presentation. Designed for fresh consumption and for processing.
Dunia F1 is an early highly productive hybrid. The fruits are dark green in color. The plant is strong, compact, bush type. Long fruiting period.
• Yellow zucchini, for example, Yasmin F1 and Soleil F1.
Yasmin F1 is a mid-season hybrid (the period from emergence to the first harvest is 65-70 days). Fruits are cylindrical, yellow, shiny. Recommended for canning and processing.
Soleil F1 - mid-season highly productive hybrid (from emergence to harvest - 70 days). Reliable disease resistance and excellent stress resistance ensure a long fruiting period and high commercial quality of the fruit throughout the entire fruiting period.
• Light green zucchini, for example, Suha F1, Ardendo F1, Aral F1.
Dry F1 - early hybrid. The plant is powerful, the bush is open, but thanks to short internodes it is compact. The entire vegetation period forms fruits of a light green color aligned with a beautiful sheen. Due to its texture, the pulp is well suited for processing. It retains a flower on the fruit for a long time after harvesting.
Ardendo F1 - a very early highly productive hybrid (from emergence to fruiting - 40-45 days). The plant is strong, compact, bush type. Integrated disease resistance and excellent stress resistance ensure a long fruiting period. Great for earning the earliest production in spring in film and glazed greenhouses, as well as in summer and autumn in open ground.
Aral F1 - a very early (30 days from emergence to the first fruit collection) hybrid. The plant is semi-flat. The fruits are cylindrical, slightly-ribbed, light green, 12-15 cm long, 4-6 cm in diameter, weighing 0,5-0,8 kg. The pulp is dense, tender, with excellent taste. Productivity - up to 10 kg / m2. The fruits are consumed boiled, stewed and fried, as well as fresh (young ovaries) in salads. Ripe large fruits are stored for up to 4 months.
Early ripe variety Quotations - from the moment of emergence of seedlings it bears fruit in 1,5 months, and in warm weather - in 35 days. Fruits can reach 1,8 kg.
Belogor F1. Early ripe hybrid, grows in a compact bush and is characterized by high productivity. The pulp is white and unsweetened. These zucchini are best suited for cooking vegetable stews, soups and other dishes.
Gribovsky 37. Unpretentious and resistant to many diseases. The fruits are cylindrical, white or light green in color. The pulp is white, medium density. The fruits of zucchini of this variety can be used for conservation.
Unexpectedly, but a significant amount of nutrients will give your zucchini and infusion of weeds. To do this, you need a barrel, which is filled with weeds on 1 / 2 or on 3 / 4, add water and, covered with polyethylene, leave in the sun for 1-1,5 weeks. Before use, the infusion should be diluted with 1: 10 water.
Hostess a note
Zucchini Dish Recipe
CASERO CASTER BAKERY
Ingredients: 1 kg of zucchini, 3 pcs. onions, 500 g of processed cheese, 50 g of vegetable oil, spices (to taste), salt (to taste), 5 eggs.
Cut into slices of zucchini and onions. Add spices, salt and mix gently. Cut the cream cheese into slices and mix with the zucchini. Add vegetable oil and put on a slow fire, constantly stirring, until the cheese is completely melted. Prepare the form, greasing it with oil. Beat the eggs and combine them with the rest of the mass, mix and spread in a mold. We put in a preheated oven and bake until cooked at 180-190 ° C. The baking time will depend on the depth of the mold.
BEST VARIETIES OF ZABATCHES - VIDEO
Variety of Eggplant
It is believed that the birthplace of eggplant is East India. It was there that the eggplant grew in the wild. And his cultivation occurred in Central Asia and China. In our territory, this vegetable gained fame at the beginning of the XVII century. Dishes from it not only differ in refined taste, but also contain an impressive amount of vitamins and nutrients. In them you will find vitamins B, C, phosphorus, sodium and many other micro and macro elements.
It is interesting
Do you know that the most exotic are yellow and red eggplant?
We are all accustomed to the traditional purple eggplant, and white is no longer a rarity. The vegetables have a rather pleasant taste. There is a huge variety of eggplant dishes. The seeds in them are completely small, which does not require additional purification of the vegetable.
There are people to whom the taste of eggplant resembles the taste of mushrooms. But not every summer resident knows that there is a very special kind of vegetable, which is called - Taste of mushrooms - with a pleasant mushroom aroma. And, by the way, you can grow it both in the greenhouse, and just in the beds.
There is another sort of eggplant with the taste of mushrooms, it is called Zelenenky. These eggplants are really green.
The varieties of eggplant varieties are simply impressive! Do you know what to eat A sort of pink eggplant called Pink Flamingo and Joker?
But most of all, yellow and red eggplants will certainly surprise you! They differ from the others in that they have a high content of carotene - vitamin A. Their flesh is beautiful yellow or orange. But when growing such eggplant, you need to remember: the fruit is the more bitter it is, the more saturated its color (red and yellow). Therefore, you need to remove them without bringing to this state. The most popular varieties are Japanese Red, Brazilian Oval Orange and Rotunda Red Eggplant.
Early eggplant varieties begin to ripen 3-4 months after seedlings, mid-season - 4-5. On average, it takes 75 to 100 days to plant seedlings in open ground or a greenhouse on average. If blue, violet eggplants are already tired of everything, then red and green will definitely surprise "colleagues".
What our manufacturers offer:
Grade Mabel F1 - early hybrid. The plant is large, with high growth energy, characterized by abundant color and fruit formation. Fruits are club-shaped, elongated, dark purple in color, weighing 350-400 g. It is recommended for cultivation in film and glazed greenhouses. In our climate, eggplant is grown through seedlings. The seedling period for this plant is 60-70 days. Sowing must be carried out no later than the first decade of March, the seeds germinate 7-12 days. The optimum temperature for seed germination is 25-30 ° C. At temperatures below 13 ° C the seeds do not germinate! Seedlings are grown at a temperature of 18-25 ° C during the day and 16-17 ° C at night. Watering is carried out as necessary (1-2 times a week) with warm water. Loosen regularly. In the phase of the first two true leaves, seedlings are dived. Ready seedlings (height 10-12 cm, the presence of 7 true leaves) are planted in a permanent place at the end of May.
Grade Black Pearl F1 - An early hybrid of Dutch breeding with a long fruiting period. The plant is fast growing, strong. Fruits are glossy, very attractive, aligned, cylindrical, 12-15 cm long, dark purple in color. The mass of the fruit is 300-400 g. The pulp is white, dense, without bitterness, of excellent taste. Good keeping quality and portability. It is advised to grow in film or glazed greenhouses. In Belarus, eggplant is grown through seedlings. The seedling period for this plant is 60-70 days. Sowing must be carried out no later than the first decade of March, the seeds germinate 7-12 days.
Eggplant should not be planted on the soil where potatoes, tomatoes and peppers grew before.
BEST VARIETIES OF ZABATCHES - VIDEO
The homeland of pepper is Central America, and in nature there are about 2000 types of peppers. In order for the pepper on your beds to succeed, you will have to make a lot of effort, since this vegetable loves a careful attitude and reverent care. Peppers like heat, so they grow it, as a rule, in a greenhouse seedlings.
As in care, the choice of variety requires attention and scrupulousness. It all depends on what you want to get from this vegetable.
There are quite interesting hybrids of pepper, some of which we will present to you.
Red Baron F1 - An early hybrid with a long fruiting period and high productivity. The plant is strong. Fruits are large, cuboid-shaped, shiny, with a diameter of 7,5-8 cm. The color of the fruit in technical ripeness is green, red when ripe. Resistant to vertex rot. Recommended for cultivation in greenhouses and open ground.
Rubik F1- medium hybrid, medium-sized plant, fruit wall thickness - b mm, shape - cuboid. Taste is excellent. The color of fruits is from dark green in the stage of technical ripeness to dark red in the stage of biological ripeness. Fruits withstand short-term transportation and storage. Recommended for cultivation in open and protected ground.
Ultra early Lotta F1, Vedrana F1 - An early hybrid of cube-shaped pepper. An unbeatable combination of early ripeness and productivity. Lotta F1 is an ultra-early hybrid with a high intensity fruit set, excellent early and overall productivity. Recommended to grow in a greenhouse.
Unusual peppers Tamina F1 and Yablina F1. Tamina F1 is an early hybrid. The plant is low, with tomato-type fruits - flat-round, slightly ribbed, weighing 90-110 g. The fruit's color is green, when ripe, it is red. Yablina F1 is a mid-season hybrid of apple-type sweet pepper, white fruits, suitable for both open and closed ground. The pulp is very tasty, juicy. These pepper varieties are especially good for stuffing.
Hot peppers Shakira F1 and Christian. Shakira F1 is an early hot pepper hybrid with a high yield potential. The plant is strong, open type. Fruits are 3-4 x 16-18 cm in size, dark green during the ripening period and red in the biological one. Suitable for growing in greenhouses and open ground. Christian is a medium early variety of chilli peppers. The growing season is 70-80 days. Fruits are elongated. The length of the fetus is 8-9 cm, the wall thickness is 3 mm, yellow. Suitable for planting both outdoors and indoors.
Orange Arian and Oren F1. Arian is an early variety characterized by a long fruiting period and high yield. The fruits are large, cuboid, shiny, with a diameter of 7-8 cm, orange. Suitable for greenhouses and open ground.
Oren F1 - a mid-early hybrid, a stunted plant with thick-walled fruits (6 mm) of a cuboid shape. It is characterized by increased resistance to the tobacco mosaic virus. Designed for cultivation in sheltered ground (film and glass greenhouses).
If you will plant pepper in the open ground, then the seeds must be sown in February, so that before the transplant in May, the age of the plants was 90-100 days. Try to sow the seeds immediately in individual pots with a diameter of about 8-10 cm. It is undesirable to transplant them, since they do not tolerate picking.
The soil should be soft and loose and consist of humus mixed with sand and part of the earth. Do not forget to add a tablespoon of ash per 1 kg.
Pepper seeds need pre-planting treatment - they must be kept in water for five hours before swelling, the temperature of which is about +50 ° C. After that, they should be placed for peeling in a damp cloth for 2-3 days, the room temperature should be about +20 ° C. After such a simple preplant seed preparation, you will receive seedlings literally the day after sowing. Sown seeds of pepper must be well watered, and immediately after that cover with plastic wrap or glass. After emergence, the optimum temperature for growing seedlings during the day is about + 26 ... + 28 ° C, at night - about + 10 ... + 15 ° C.
Pepper seedlings require additional lighting. Throughout February, it must be covered from 7 a.m. to 9 p.m. Do not forget about the hardening of the pepper - take it out for a while in the fresh air.
Pepper loves when before him his "living space" was occupied by onions, cucumbers, pumpkin, cabbage, zucchini and carrots. He won’t say thank you if you plant it after potatoes, peppers, tomatoes, physalis and eggplant.
Seedlings are planted in open ground at the end of May - mid-June according to the 40x40 cm pattern. Pepper seedlings are planted in a film unheated greenhouse in early May, and in tunnel shelters at the end of May.
When transplanting, try to lower it to the same depth as they sat when they were seedlings, trying not to damage the roots. Do not forget, pepper is a southern comrade, therefore it must be planted in places where there is a lot of sun.
It is interesting
A non-standard variety of sweet red pepper was bred by Chinese breeders and called it Snake. It looks like chili, that is, rich red, thin (very rarely yellow or orange). The only difference is that the tip of the Snake can bend, and quite cool. The fetus can even curl into a ringlet. But it is completely non-sticky - the flesh is tender and sweet. It begins to bear fruit in June and ends already in late September.
Do not plant different varieties of pepper next to each other, as far as possible remove them from each other, separate them, for example, with sunflowers.
BEST VARIETIES OF PEPPER - VIDEO
And here is the carrot!
Nowadays, the choice of varieties and hybrids of carrots is surprising in its diversity. Which ones to stop at? We will try to simplify your task.
For beam sales and fresh summer use: Bureau, Vesta F1, Victoria F1, Concerto F1, Laguna F1, Lydia F1, Mars, Napoli F1, Nelly F1, Orange Muscat, Puchkovaya, Royal Chanson, Chanten Royal, Jaros Presto F1.
For salads: Napoli F1, Red Cor, Chanten 5.
For processing: Boltex F1, Veronika F1, Vita Longa, Dolyanka, Cardinal, Chinese Beauty, Queen of Autumn, Crown F1, Kuroda F1, Malika, Nantes Enhanced, Natalya F1, Princess F1, Romance F1, Samson, Forto, Holiday.
For winter storage: Anastasia F1, Gribovchanin F1, Canada F1, Cascade F1, Queen of the Fall, Moscow Winter, Nantes, Romance F1, Typhoon, Flacke, Flaccoro, Shantane 2461, Elegance F1.
Universal varieties and hybrids: Bolero F1, Maestro F1, Coloseum F1, Yolana F1, Wanda, Rubin.
The choice of varieties and hybrids of carrots is very diverse, the main thing is to decide what you really want.
BEST CARROT VARIETIES - VIDEO
Surely, many summer residents for the first time hear this name and even more so do not understand very well what is being said. Meanwhile, this is a hybrid of the gooseberry spread, the gooseberry ordinary and black currant. In our country, yoshta has not yet received wide popularity, but in Western Europe it is grown everywhere.
Yoshta is a long-term powerful sprawling shrub, forming shoots with a height of about 1,5 m or more. Yoshta has no thorns, despite being related to gooseberries. Blooms in large bright flowers. The yoshta fruits are sweet and sour, black with a purple tint, more like a cherry, collected in a brush of 3-5 berries. Yoshta usually bears fruit from the age of two.
Yoshta berry is resistant to frost, disease and pests, its life expectancy is from 20 to 30 years.
Yoshta is planted in early spring or early autumn in fertile soil. Of the neighbors, he loves gooseberries or currants.
The shrub does not require careful maintenance, it practically does not differ from the care of gooseberries.
In the spring, sanitary cutting of the yoshta is performed: they remove the broken, diseased shoots and shorten to a healthy tissue those that froze over the winter. Branches aged 7-8 years must be shortened.
Useful properties of yoshta:
- • increases the level of hemoglobin in the blood, so its use is recommended in the treatment of anemia;
- • Vitamin C, which is part of the berries in large quantities, has a beneficial effect on the human immunity and protects it from colds;
- • Vitamin P and berry anthocyanins contained in fruits strengthen the walls of blood vessels and promote good blood circulation;
- • improves the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, the berry is prescribed for constipation and other disorders of this type;
- • yoshta berries mixed with honey are recommended for use by patients with hypertension;
- • phytoncides contained in yoshta fruits help to cope with various microbial infections and inflammatory processes that occur in the body;
- • patients with diabetes mellitus can fearlessly eat yoshta fruits instead of dessert, since the sugar contained in them does not provoke the development of the disease;
- • helps to accelerate metabolic processes and burn fat stores in the body, so it is often included in the diet of obese or seeking to lose weight;
- • stimulates the work of the excretory system, as a result of which the body gets rid of toxins, toxins, heavy metals and radionuclides;
- • yoshta berries are perfectly frozen so that you can enjoy a vitamin cocktail in the winter.
Despite the fact that this shrub is not very popular in our area, it also has a variety of varieties:
• Grade EMB - This is an English selection, has the following characteristics: the height of the bush is not higher than 1,8 meters, characterized by large wide leaves. This variety boasts abundant fruiting for two months. The berries are large, juicy and tasty.
• Grade Rekst - a variety with low bushes, characterized by independent shoots, abundantly covered with large berries of a very good taste. It boasts a high yield - from 5 to 10 kg per bush.
Crown. The homeland of this variety is Switzerland. It is characterized by an even lower height than the previous varieties, reaches a height of 1,5 meters, but can boast of its spreadingness. Berries do not fall and hold tightly on branches. This variety cannot boast a high yield - on average it gives about 3 kg per bush, the berries are of medium size.
Grade Yohini - characterized by a high two-meter bush, the fruits of which ripen by autumn. The yield of the variety is impressive - about 10 kg per bush.
Grade Moreau - very large and tall bushes - from 2 to 2,5 m in height. The fruits do not crumble, the berries are covered with dense black skin, emit a strong aroma.
All of the listed yoshta varieties can be safely cultivated.
This plant has recently appeared in our gardens. It was interesting to try what kind of berry it was. Yoshta is the daughter of gooseberries and black currants. The fruits are the size of a gooseberry berry, taste sweet and sour, somewhat reminiscent of a royal gooseberry jam with a touch of black currant. Ripe black berries. There are no thorns at all. There has not yet been a large harvest (the bush is two years old), but the fruits have already been tried. Care as a black currant, that is, nothing special is required. I advise you to plant - an interesting and tasty berry.
Svetlana Yuryevna, Moscow
Hostess a note
JAM FROM YOSHTA
On 1 kg of berries: 1 kg of sugar, 200 g of water.
For jam from yoshta, it is better to take berries in the initial stage of maturity. This is the moment when the fruits have already darkened, but not yet overripe, and the flesh in them is quite dense. If the berries are overripe, then you will get jam from yoshta. To keep the fruits intact, you need to cook jam in several passes. Wait for the mass to boil, let it boil for 3-5 minutes, then cool to room temperature. Then boil 3-5 minutes again and remove the pan from the stove. You need to cook jam until a drop of syrup lies well and does not spread on a plate, and the jam acquires the desired density.
Gooseberry - Natural Amber
Probably, in our country there is no person who would not be familiar with such a berry as gooseberries. We all share on those who love this berry, and those who do not love. In the same way, the opinions of experts on its benefits differ. Let's get it right.
Gooseberries have another name - northern, or shaggy, grapes. By the way, we argue that this berry is really useful and can bring a lot of good to the human body.
By the way, not only berries, but also leaves are useful in gooseberries - tea with them helps people with tuberculosis.
Gooseberry berries make the walls of blood vessels stronger, lower the risk of developing hypertension and sclerosis, strengthen immunity, normalize glucose and cholesterol levels. And this is not all the benefits of these wonderful berries.
Almost every summer cottage boasts the cultivation of such crops as gooseberries. Many of us perceive it as a fairly common berry, and few know how many varieties it has.
First of all, gooseberry varieties have their own classification:
- Сlabial and non-studded varieties: Altai license plate, Harlequin, African, Belorussian red, Beryl, Grossular, Grushenka, Green rain, Captivator, Gingerbread man, Commander, Consul, Candy, Co-operator, Kuibyshevsky, Affectionate, People’s, Pushkin, Ravolt, Sadko, Northern captain, Seedius lefora , Snezhana, Date, Black Sea, Prune, Minx, Amber;
- Medium and strongly prickly varieties: English yellow, Baltic, Belarusian sugar, Defender, Green bottle, Invicta, Cossack, Krasnoslavyansky, Curshu dzintars, Masheka, Malachite, Honey, Michurinets, Mukurines, Neslukhovsky, Spring, Russian yellow, Russian red, Salute, Plum, Dark green Melnikova , Ural, Black Negus, Anniversary, Spring.
It is interesting
Currently, there are about 1,5 of thousands of varieties of this berry, each possessing special qualities.
Let's look at several varieties of gooseberries:
Altai license plate - refers to slightly prickly and non-studded varieties. Has the following characteristics: the bush is low, sprawling. Delicious amber-yellow berries, the weight of the berries does not exceed 8 g. With good care, it takes root in all regions. Harvest medium early variety, not afraid of frost, affected by powdery mildew.
African - slightly prickly and non-studded grade. It has medium height, the bush is characterized by spreading. The berries are almost black, sweet and sour, with a touch of black currant. Well takes root in all regions. It has many very positive characteristics: winter-hardy, drought-resistant, fruitful, not afraid of powdery mildew. Feature: you can not allow the growth of branches, that is, thickening of the bush.
English yellow - medium and medium grade. Medium in height, thick and sprawling. The weight of the berries is from 2,5 to 6 g. Greenish-yellow and bright yellow. The peel with a wax coating, dense, has sparse villi. The taste is pleasant, sweet, with a slight acidity. Well takes root in all regions. A winter-hardy variety with low susceptibility to common diseases, but, according to gardeners, the shrub is affected by a sferoteka. Berries crack in rainy weather.
Baltic - medium-tall bush, compact with straight shoots, spherical. The berries are oval or round, weighing 3-4 g, light green, with an average skin thickness. There is a dense wax coating. Feels good in any region. Winter-hardy bush with good productivity, resistant to anthracnose and powdery mildew.
BEST VARIETIES OF THE GOOSEBERRY - VIDEO
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