PROS OF CHINA PLUM
Chinese plum has a lot of advantages.
It is hardy, quite productive, early fruiting, the fruits are tasty. In addition, representatives of this species have greater environmental plasticity (i.e., they are easier to adapt to changing environmental conditions) and are less affected by pests and diseases compared to domestic plums.
Tree chinese plum grows with a round crown and large oblong leaves (outwardly they differ from the leaves of a plum house). The location of the buds on the branch is bouquet (3-4 flowering and one in the center, large central growth).
The fruits of Chinese plum are red or yellow in color and spherical, conical or heart-shaped. The pulp is juicy, with an inseparable or poorly separated bone, original taste. Due to the strong skin, the fruits of Chinese plum tolerate transportation well and can be stored for a long time.
Chinese plum blossoms beautifully - the crown is literally shrouded in a cloud of flowers. And flowering begins very early (in the middle lane, usually after apricot), 10-12 days earlier than home plum. Because of this, flowers can fall under late spring frosts.
The frost resistance of this culture is very high: the trees withstand frosts up to 45-50 °, however, in the thaw, they often suffer from root neck heating.
Chinese plum care is the same as for any fruit crop: loosening the soil under the crown, removing weeds, fertilizing with organic and mineral fertilizers. At the beginning of the growing season, in spring, for the growth of shoots, nitrogen fertilizers in the form of urea or ammonium nitrate should be applied. Phosphorus and potassium fertilizers or complex mineral mixtures are introduced during the summer for laying fruit buds. In a dry summer, do not forget to water the plants.
The most common and time-tested (they withstood harsh winters) varieties of Chinese plum - Red Ball, Reset, Skoroplodnaya. But other varieties, also fruitful and tasty, are worth planting: Krasnomyasaya, Golden Ball (with pineapple flavor), Alyonushka, Burbank, Yubileynaya, Apricot, Manchurian beauty.
Varieties of Chinese plum
The main disadvantages of Chinese plum are a tendency to root the neck, early flowering and pollination problems. To avoid ripening, plant trees on mounds 40-50 cm high.
This method of planting is recommended for areas located in lowlands where moisture accumulates in spring, as well as on heavy soils. Plant nearby cherry plum - it is perfect as a pollinator for Chinese plums.
CHINA PLUM - VARIETY FAST. VIDEO
© Author: I. SEMINA, gardener Nizhny Novgorod Region
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