TIME OF Dwarf Bearded Irises
Dwarf bearded irises bloom much earlier than other bearded “brothers”.
Fill the garden with bright colors, quickly growing and forming dense beautiful curtains.
Charming with its beauty, these irises do not seem to require special attention, and yet questions arise from our readers.
The experiment was successful
Last year, in late autumn, I had to reconstruct a flowerbed on which dwarf bearded irises grew. What to do with them, I did not know then. I dug one bush in the greenhouse, and divided the rest and planted it on a bed to a greater depth than usual (8-10 cm). Sprinkled with earth, covered with a dense spanbond from above.
Iris, who was in the greenhouse, already in March gave beautiful flowers. Plants on the garden showed leaves, that is, they wintered safely, grow well. Does this mean that you can divide and transplant irises even in late autumn?
Svetlana Afanasenko, Bryansk
- It is impossible to recommend such a technique as a guide to action. This is only permissible in hopeless situations. Experience shows that late transplanted iris deletions do not tolerate cold winters. You managed to save the plants, but most likely there will be no flowering this year.
You did the right thing that you planted the bushes deeper than usual and covered them (although the bearded irises of low and medium-sized varieties in the middle band normally winter without shelter). This winter did not differ in severe frosts, under the snow the earth did not even freeze for real, and the plants took root safely.
With the onset of heat, in the spring, it was necessary to scoop up the earth and open the rhizomes to the sun's rays. Treat plantings with Fitosporin (according to the instructions) and feed the irises now. The first time you use nitrogen-potassium fertilizers, after 2-3 weeks give them nitrogen and phosphorus, and after another 2 weeks - nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (according to instructions). I do not recommend feeding organics with infusions. Weed and water during the season.
The best time for planting irises is 3-4 weeks after flowering. At this time, new roots are actively growing. In extreme cases, this can be done in the second half of summer. On light sandy soils, rhizome deepen 1-2 cm, on heavy soils, position them at soil level.
Elena ANTONOVA, collector, Moscow
Both love care
We also recommend reading: Features of the cultivation of repair irises
Is there a difference in the care of dwarf and tall bearded irises?
- The agricultural technology of dwarf irises is no different from the agricultural technology of the bearded brethren of the other groups, only they need to be shared more often - every 3-4 years. For planting, choose sunny areas with neutral or slightly acidic soil. Irises do not grow well on heavy clay. cold soils where water stagnates. Bearded irises are less demanding for watering, but still it is advisable to water them during budding and flowering (if the soil is too dry) in the morning.
They feed the whole season. The first time is in the early spring, when irises start to grow, with fertilizers containing nitrogen and calcium. During the budding period, potassium phosphorus or complex fertilizer with a high potassium content, preferably with trace elements, is used. The third, final, top dressing - after flowering, often use superphosphates or complexes with a high phosphorus content.
Dwarf bearded irises are distinguished by abundant flowering, rapid overgrowth. disease resistance and frost resistance, iris.
"Dead zone". What is it?
What does the bald spot in the center of the dwarf iris bush mean - does the plant get sick or should it be watered more often?
Irina Musina, Kursk
- This is a signal for division and transplantation. Dwarf irises are growing rapidly. Plants thicken and in the middle of the bush such a dry center forms from the dead annual links of the rhizome. Get this old bush from the soil and break the rhizome into dividers. The planting unit for dwarf irises is a one-year growth with a fan of leaves. By the way, these delenki withstand drying, which is very convenient when sending planting material.
Dwarf irises - planting and care. Tips and reviews
MY Dwarf irises
Growing dwarf bearded irises is not much different from tall ones. They also love dry, sunny places. I prepare the fertile soil and carefully select the weeds, especially the wheatgrass and dwarf roots, since they quickly capture the living space.
For “dwarfs”, a 20 cm deep pit is enough, the bottom half of which is filled with rotted (loose) manure, and the top layer of the soil should be acid neutral and fertile. In the basal zone of irises, it is useful to add bone meal, which you can buy in garden shops or cook yourself. All the bones that remain after cooking, I burn in the stove in the country, and then grind.
Nuances of landing
You can divide and plant dwarf irises two weeks after flowering, usually starting in the second half of June. The standard delenka root well before autumn and often blooms, unlike tall bearded irises, the very next year. In the latter, flowering occurs in the second half of June, respectively, the division and planting dates are postponed. Secondly, tall irises require more time to take root and gain strength for flowering.
I plant both those and others so that the "back" of the delenka is not sprinkled with earth. If the iris falls, I stick small pegs before rooting, if there is only one peg, then I tie the blade of the plant to it. In dry weather, be sure to water new plantings once a week.
By the way, if I buy irises, and the place for them is not ready yet, I plant them in containers - let them grow and take root. I prepare the soil - as in the garden, I plant it without deepening the "back" of the plant. As containers I use two-liter juice bags, cut in half. When landing delenki in open ground, I carefully take it out with a lump of earth, trying not to disturb it. So irises can be planted even in September.
© Author: Elena LITVYAKOVA, St. Petersburg
Dwarf Irises - VIDEO
© Author: Marina VOLOVIK, chairman of the Moscow branch of the Russian Society photo Zoe NOVIKOVA
Below other entries on the topic "Dacha and garden - with their own hands"
- Irises are bearded and not bearded: planting, care and varieties
- Wintering irises in an apartment
- Dwarf bearded irises (photo) planting and care: questions and answers
- How I grow bearded irises on the site - planting and dividing
- German Iris (photo) - planting and care
- Siberian irises: varieties, planting and care
- Irises Siberian (photo): cultivation and care
- Bearded irises - growing care and some varieties
- Irises in questions and answers: growing, planting and care
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