POTS IN POTS WITH COMMAND FLOWERS AND SPRING - WHAT TO DO?
WHAT MOMS WILL KILL THE SEEDLING?
In spring, you need to carefully monitor the plants in your apartment. And we are talking about both indoor flowers and seedlings. Cats that appear in pots with your green wards can cause serious damage to them.
When you notice uninvited guests, you must first identify them. At one time, I came across them and developed my defense strategy.
Tiny around the plants are tiny, 0,9-1,5 mm long, snow-white moths are whitefly, one of the most dangerous pests. Females lay eggs in groups, mainly on the underside of leaves. Insects - both adults and their larvae - feed on plant sap, greatly weakening them and polluting the leaves with sugary secretions. A great environment for the development of soot fungus, which also inhibits plants! In addition, whiteflies, like other sucking pests, transmit viral diseases.
It’s difficult to deal with whiteflies. And the reason for this is the presence on the plants of both eggs and adult insects, and larvae of different ages. Eggs are not affected by any drug permitted in LPH, therefore, the problem cannot be solved in one fell swoop. At least one insect will remain - and the problem will arise again. Therefore, treatment will have to be carried out regularly, once a week. And drugs must be alternated - insects quickly develop resistance.
The flightless, but sometimes jumping small wingless insects, which can be seen on the surface of the soil, are called foottails, or fools. They are very small, and it’s easiest to see them. Fools - ordinary inhabitants of the surface soil layer. They feed on small algae, fungal hyphae, dead plant debris. While there are few insects, they will not cause harm to plants. But with high humidity and an abundance of “feed”, the tails can multiply very quickly. The largest individuals, reaching a length of 1-1,5 mm, can greatly damage and sometimes even completely destroy seedlings. Yes, and older plants, they can also be dangerous, especially if the air temperature is low. Under such conditions, the skin damaged by insects heals slowly, remaining vulnerable to infection for a long time.
Sciarides, or mushroom mosquitoes, - small, 0,6-0,8 mm long, dark, almost black flies. Their larvae look like tiny worms, legless, white, with translucent intestines. Like fools, scyarides are ubiquitous. And their danger lies again in their ability to multiply hurricanely under suitable conditions.
It is almost impossible to get rid of mushroom mosquitoes once and for all: in summer, females fly into the room from the street and lay their eggs in the moist soil of pots with indoor plants. Larvae live in the soil, feeding on organic debris, but when there are too many of them, they also damage living plants. Scyarid, as well as stingtail, can be called insect indicators of irregular agricultural technology. In small quantities, they are not dangerous. However, if there are hundreds of insects, and the soil literally moves from their presence, then it means that urgent need to correct defects in agricultural technology and save the plants.
See also: 4 the most common pest of indoor plants
SEEDS ON SEEDLING - PHOTO AND TITLE
IMPORTANT. Do not confuse sciarid with Drosophila flies. They are also called fruit midges, since the main element of their diet is rotting vegetables and fruits. But they will not cause harm to living plants.
WHERE DO THEY COME FROM
Often insects just fly in from the street. For example, the same whiteflies in summer prefer the climate of greenhouses, and in hot years they also harm in the open ground. These "triangular butterflies" get into an apartment or house with potted flowers that they take out to the garden for the summer, or with new, recently acquired plants and seedlings. That is why all newcomers must be quarantined before being placed in other colors. In comfortable conditions of a heated room, pests breed all year round.
Another way pests penetrate is spent greenhouse soil. Its unscrupulous sellers sometimes sell under the guise of "fertile soil." So do not forget about steaming the newly purchased soil! Freezing it or watering it with a solution of potassium permanganate, alas, does not destroy all forms of life-threatening plants. At first, I was lazy and did not steam the soil mixture. And thereby greatly enriched her knowledge in entomology. That's just my plants turned out to be extreme.
HOW TO FIGHT?
If you were attacked by soil mosquitoes and fools, then they must be deprived of the "kindergarten". These insects can reproduce only in a waterlogged substrate containing a large amount of decomposing organic residues (slept tea, fallen leaves, etc.). Therefore, it is necessary to carefully remove the upper 3-4-cm layer of soil, replacing it with less nutritious (say, garden soil mixed with coconut substrate). Watering plants need less often, so that the top layer of the soil has time to dry out. In the meantime, you can fill it with calcined sand, mixing it with ash.
Do not allow stagnation of water in the pan. If necessary (for some types of indoor plants), it is worth putting a layer of drainage in the pots.
The number of flying insects is reduced using sticky traps (for whiteflies use the so-called yellow glue traps) or a conventional vacuum cleaner. From whiteflies on indoor plants and seedlings, I used insecticides with the active substance pyriproxifen, thiame toxam. Fortunately, there were no children in the house then. Mechanically removed the insects, their eggs and larvae from the leaves ... with adhesive tape. The main thing is not to forget that if you find a whitefly, then all the plants in the house will have to be treated! But the fumigator, usually used from mosquitoes, in my case was effective against scyarids, but the whitefly was not completely destroyed. Although it reduced its number.
As for preparations with DV diazinon - the most popular for controlling pests that live in the soil, I did not dare to use them indoors. I heard that their use is prohibited in residential premises.
The main thing is, finding uninvited residents on seedlings or indoor flowers, do not give up. And then the victory will certainly be on your side!
© Author: E. KUCHNOVA, experienced gardener
SEEDS ON SEEDS - WHAT TO DO? VIDEO
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