GROWING RHODODENDRONE IN THE MOSCOW REGION
I first met this fantastic plant many years ago during a hike through the Caucasus mountains, where a group of tourists and I came across whole thickets of blooming Caucasian rhododendron. We experienced a real shock from the breathtaking beauty of a snow-white-pink spot soaring against the backdrop of harsh bare rocks. The second meeting and shock was a trip to the Pruhonice estate near Prague, during the exuberant flowering there in early May of a whole sea of deciduous and evergreen rhododendrons. Since then, they have lived in my garden.
Having studied the historical literature, I was happy to learn that the "rose tree" (as rhododendron is translated from German) was quite popular in the past centuries not only in Europe, but also in Russian estates. Gardeners planted gorgeous bushes in picturesque groups and even created whole alleys from them! In recent years, interest in rhododendron has increased after its almost complete oblivion in our country at the time of the total creation of garden and berry subsidiary farms.
Having settled representatives of both evergreen and deciduous rhododendrons in my garden, I can say that for their successful flowering and life in general, it is necessary to fulfill 3 conditions: the first is to correctly choose a place for planting, the second is to properly equip the planting pit, and the third is to find species and varieties adapted to our climatic incidents.
At first, like all rabid collectors of plants, I bought up all the seedlings and suffered a crushing fiasco. Handsome men in the pictures, they absolutely did not want to take root in my garden in the south of the Moscow region.
Having meticulously studied agricultural technology, varietal and species assortment, I settled on several, but reliable ones.
Now my favorites are the deciduous rhododendrons, often called azaleas (not to be confused with the Indian azalea, which we sell as a home plant!). Varieties based on the species yellow rhododendron and he himself (also called the Pontic azalea) have now reached a meter height (grow to 1 m) and bloom in May with luxurious inflorescences with a unique aroma (yellow rhododendron is very fragrant, although its flowers are poisonous). But this is not the ultimate dream: slightly pubescent azalea leaves, even in late autumn, blaze with all shades of gold, crimson, purple!
I can safely vouch for the varieties: Gibraltar with orange flowers, strawberry-raspberry Fireworks, red Tasso, pink Homebush and Sylfides, white Schneegold. There are others - there are enough varieties on sale now. Of the evergreen beauties with leathery leaves, the cornflower-blue variety Azurika (dense rhododendron), a half-meter round pillow, often blooming again in autumn, has shown itself well.
The old lilac variety of Katevba rhododendron Grandiflorum grows and does not pick and choose. The old snow-white hybrid of several winter-hardy species of Cunninghams White is magnificent. And my favorites are the Finns: the lilac-pink The Hague, the white-pink Mikkeli and the hot pink Helsinki Univesity. All these bushes are tall
All these bushes are tall, spreading, and require a lot of space. Of course, we are talking here only about rhododendrons that are not covered for the winter. I also have cover ones, but that's another story.
I immediately planted deciduous azaleas correctly - in a sunny curb along the path, but in the very heat from the south, crowns of tall trees shade them a little. And I had to tinker with evergreens.
They need light partial shade (but not shade!) And a calm place. They will not tolerate planting under trees with shallow root systems - plums, cherries, lindens, maples, willows.
Planting pits are suitable for shallow (all rhododendrons have a superficial root system), filled with acidic soil (pH 4, 5-5, 5). With mine, I generously poured sour red high-moor peat, pine litter, some sand and garden soil.
From time to time I water them with acidified water (acetic, citric, oxalic acid), a soluble fertilizer for rhododendrons and azaleas, and in the fall I bury Antonov apples under them and mulch the ground with rhubarb leaves and sour peat or pine litter. On very hot days (when I am at the dacha) I pamper my pets with sprinkling of crowns, which they adore.
Of course, like any collector, I want to try as many varieties and species as possible. But considering myself to be a very lazy gardener, I still choose variety series or individual varieties that have proven themselves well and perfectly in the gardens of other rhododendron lovers, for which I go around and visit exhibitions, estates, shops ...
And I am convinced that the "rosewood" got a second wind from us.
RHODODENDRONS IN THE MOSCOW REGION - LANDING AND CARE. VIDEO
© Author: A. MALAKHOVA Moscow
Below other entries on the topic "Dacha and garden - with their own hands"
- Bladder (photos) types of planting and care
- Hortensia (photo) cultivation and species
- Deciduous Rhododendrons - LANDING
- Memo to the florist: spring care for lilacs for lush bloom
- Propagation of hydrangea panicled cuttings + planting
- Derain: photo types and description
- Juniper - Species
- Creeping plants shrubs: care garter and cultivation
- Juniper (photo) benefit planting and care
- Witch hazel plant (photo) - care and reproduction, application and properties
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