GREEN VERTICALS WITH OWN HANDS
The green walls created by the climbing plants add variety to the garden by dividing it into zones. Where to plant and how can vines be used? There are many options.
VERTICAL GARDENING FOR THE HOUSE.
A carpet of lianas that wrapped around the walls of the house is not only a decoration, but also an obstacle to street noise and dust. Thanks to the plants, a comfortable microclimate will be established in the rooms.
To create such a decor, you will need to make special lattices on the walls from wooden slats with a section of 25x25 mm. Most often the gratings are filled with square or diamond-shaped wooden mesh. The standard size of a square is 10 cm, but you can make it any larger or smaller, while keeping in mind that the smaller the square, the more stable the lattice. You can combine large and small squares, add diagonals and rhombuses.
Chinese lemongrass or maiden or Amur grapes, which are shade-tolerant, capable of clinging to the walls with antennae and practically do not need support, are perfect for the walls of the house.
BRIGHT FENCE DECOR - WOVEN PLANTS.
It doesn't matter what material the fence is made of. And wooden, and stone, and wrought-iron hedges will acquire lightness and grace if it is surrounded by green vines.
If you want to increase the height of a blind fence, you can attach lattice sections to its upper part. To do this, you will need beams with a length equal to the height of the grate plus 60 cm for attachment to the surface of the fence. First, one such bar is attached to the fence, then the second, a section of the lattice is screwed onto them, then another bar, another section - and so on until the end of the fence.
Perennial wood vines are best suited for decoration. But if you want to see your fence in green decoration as soon as possible, choose annual vines or various combinations of non-flowering perennials and flowering annuals. Girlish grapes look especially impressive in combination with hops, morning glory or ornamental beans.
MASKING BY PLANTS OF UNPRESENTED OBJECTS.
In addition to a beautiful house, magnificent lawns and decorative plantings, practically on every plot there are other, much less attractive objects - for example, various outbuildings, compost pits. What is not intended for prying eyes can be hidden behind the vertical line of climbing plants. Tie the twine or wire to the top of the masked object and let it down, securing it to the ground with metal clips.
Another easy way to disguise unattractive garden spots. Between two (or more) pillars, a mesh-netting is stretched, a crossbar from a painted floor board or a metal pipe is installed on top. The easiest way to select the length and height of such a screen is on the spot.
If you did not manage to uproot an old dead apple or pear tree in the garden, THEN YOU CAN “LIVE” the tree by decorating it with a liana. Cords or plastic nets are used to help the plant attach to the trunk.
You can create an elegant decoration using clematis codonopsis, nasturtium, morning glory and kobei. Mountain clematis or Tangut clematis, honeysuckle, petiolate hydrangea are perfect for decorating a dry trunk.
Climbing plants will allow you to harmoniously fit the gazebo into the surrounding landscape. And besides the aesthetic design, they will also solve purely utilitarian tasks: they will create the necessary shade and coolness, and protect from the wind.
Usually, no supports or ladders are required. They will serve as the lattice walls of the gazebo. If the walls are deaf, then it will be necessary to help the plants using a strong rope or wire. Without support, the growth of vines is reduced by 3 times. Moreover, they may remain lying on the ground, instead of creating a green carpet on the walls of the gazebo.
If the gazebo stands on a foundation and is surrounded by concrete formwork, then the plants can be placed in containers or pots around the perimeter of the gazebo.
Traditionally, bright and fragrant clematis, climbing roses with delicate pastel petals are used for decoration. But if the garden is decorated in country style, it will be appropriate to create a "vegetable" vertical around the gazebo from various types of pumpkin.
See also: Roses in Vertical Gardening: Rose Tips
Vine-twined arches are a very popular element of garden design. Most often they are vaulted or straight floors located between two supports. An arch is made of wood or metal (sometimes of brick or stone). It is important to correctly position the arch in the garden. It is completely inappropriate in the middle of the lawn or on the side of the path. The arch, like a door, should lead somewhere, an attractive view should open through it. It looks most impressive if it forms a single ensemble with a spacious and bright terrace adjacent to the house.
The height and width of the arch is made so that it is easy to pass under it, climbing plants do not block the road and do not cling to clothes. Therefore, the minimum width of the arch is chosen in the size of 1, 2-1, 5 m (but not narrower than the path above which it is installed), and the height is not less than 2, 1-2, 2 m. The arch of the arch can be of the most varied shape: round, rectangular, elongated gothic.
On the arches, in addition to traditional climbing roses and maiden grapes, wisteria and bittersweet nightshade look amazing, the peak of decorativeness of which occurs during the flowering period and continues until autumn, when fruits are formed and ripen on the plant. But keep in mind: unripe nightshade berries are poisonous!
LANDSCAPING OF PERGOLA.
Such structures have long been used in garden design, they were used in ancient Rome. Sometimes the pergola is erected as a series of connected arches. Such a structure consists of support pillars installed in one or two rows with an upper overlap. The space between the support posts can be filled with a trellis. On top are connecting elements for a wooden structure in the form of bars or strips.
The most versatile is the pergola with supports from a square bar with a side of 10-15 cm. A pergola made of untreated poles with a diameter of 75-80 cm looks spectacular. But if the house is brick or plastered, then the supports can be made the same.
With the help of pergolas, you can connect different areas of the garden with each other, as well as create places where it will be comfortable to relax in the shade in summer. When installing a pergola, it is important to take into account that its width should be greater than the height, or at least equal to it.
The main temptation that lies in wait for the gardener is the desire to plant a pergola in its own liana near each pillar, and an indispensable different type or variety. But you shouldn't do that. Most of the posts should remain "empty". It is believed that on one pergola there should not be more than 2 types of vines.
As a decoration, you can use clematis, climbing roses that create a romantic mood (Weilchenblau - with fragrant purple flowers, Dortmund - with simple non-double flowers with a white center, blooming all summer with small pauses), as well as round-leaved wood pliers, actinidia kolomikta.
VERTICAL GARDENING - VIDEO
CHOICE OF PLANTS FOR VERTICAL GARDENING - PHOTO, NAME AND DESCRIPTION + IDEAS
When choosing plants for vertical gardening, the most practical solution is to give preference to a combined planting of perennial and annual crops. "Working" in such a tandem, annuals will create a vegetation cover in the first year, and perennial plants will slowly build up their mass and gain strength
Perennial non-lignifying fast-growing liana, grown as an annual crop in the conditions of central Russia. Shoots are thin, up to 3 m long. The leaves are small, cordate with a sharp tip, located along the entire stem. The flowers are tubular, purple in color. There are varieties with pink, blue and white flowers. Blooms from June to frost.
The plant is light and thermophilic. It can grow on any soil, but prefers light, well-drained. Does not tolerate stagnant water.
A climbing perennial plant (in the conditions of central Russia - an annual). The stems can be up to 4 m long. The leaves are three-lobed, the flowers are purple, in shape they resemble the inflorescences of decorative beans. Due to the flowers, the plant is often called "climbing lilac". There are garden forms with white, pink, blue and bicolor flowers. Blooms from July until frost.
Fruits are pods of deep dark purple color. Dolichos grows well in sunny places. Does not tolerate acidic soils.
Annual and perennial fast-growing vines (in our climatic conditions - an annual crop). The leaves are large, heart-shaped.
Funnel-shaped flowers. The most common are two types: purple morning glory and tricolor morning glory. The first in favorable conditions can reach a length of 8 m. Flowers up to 5 cm in diameter, purple, white, pink or dark blue. Stems of Ipomoea tricolor up to 4 m in length. The flowers are larger (about 10 cm in diameter), blue in color, which turns pink or purple as it blooms. Blooms from June to September. Flowers of all morning glories live only one day and mostly close in sunny weather in the middle of the day, and in cloudy weather at the end.
Morning glory is photophilous, does not tolerate frost. Prefers soils containing lime. The main advantages of the plant include its unpretentiousness and the ability to grow by direct sowing of seeds into the ground, as well as a huge mass of green foliage, thanks to which morning glory can be used as a reliable green screen.
Annual with thin stems up to 4 m long, which are attached to the support with antennae. The leaves are openwork, complex-pinnate. The flowers are large, bell-shaped. At the beginning of the dissolution, they are greenish in color, and then, depending on the variety, become white, purple or greenish-cream. Blossom in July until the frost. Large bell flowers stand out against the background of dense green foliage.
Kobeya loves light and warmth, but an overgrown plant can withstand even a slight drop in temperature up to 5 ° and can put up with partial shade. For all its decorativeness, the plant is very capricious, it has a long growing season, which is why it often blooms only at the very end of summer even when grown through seedlings. Absolutely intolerant of standing water.
Herbaceous one-year-old vigorous plant with long (up to 4 m) creeping or climbing stems. It grows quickly, the stems climb up with the help of small, very tenacious and strong antennae. The shape and color of the foliage may vary depending on the variety. The flowers are large, yellow. But the greatest decorative value is represented by the fruits that adorn the plant since August and can have completely different colors, sizes and shapes (pear-shaped, oval, round, flattened, resemble a bottle or mushroom). The surface of the fruit is also different - smooth or ribbed.
Decorative pumpkin does not tolerate frost, but otherwise it is completely unpretentious. Grows well in sunny places, loves warmth, frequent watering and liquid organic fertilizing. It is attractive for its active growth and powerful appearance of adult plants.
Beans fire red
An annual climbing plant with shoots up to 4 m long. Stems are thin, with dense large foliage. The leaves are ternary. The flowers are located on long peduncles, fiery red, collected in medium-sized inflorescences-brushes. There are varieties with white and white-pink flowers.
The plant is unpretentious, grows quickly.
Warm and light-requiring. When the required height is reached, the beans are pinched, then it stops growing up and begins to branch.
WHAT ARE LIANAS?
Vines are climbing or climbing plants that have a special structure that allows them to attach to supports. They belong to various botanical genera and families. And they are united only by the structure of the stem. The shoots of the vines are rather weak and very flexible. Therefore, they need support. Plants either twine around them or cling to them with leaves, tendrils, thorns, or aerial roots. There are perennial and annual lianas. The first ones are good because, growing, every year they braid the structure more and more, creating a unique decorative effect (of course, subject to a safe wintering). Annual climbing crops are valued to a greater extent due to their bright and abundant flowering. What is more troublesome - covering perennial vines for the winter or planting climbing annuals annually, is a moot point.
Perennial large liana with ligneous shoots. The leaves are palmate, compound, located on long petioles. Climbs with antennae, which in some species are equipped with suckers (nubs). Inflorescences are medium-sized, corymbose, consisting of small bisexual greenish flowers. Fruits are blue berries with a bluish bloom. In the fall, the foliage of the plant is colored in various shades of red.
Most often, in the conditions of central Russia, three types of this crop are grown. Five-leafed maiden grape with massive stems up to 20 m in length. Tri-pointed maiden grape with dense foliage. Moreover, the leaves on the same plant can have different shapes - heart-shaped, three-lobed, triangular. In the fall, the foliage becomes golden or red in color. Attached maiden grape is another type of plant that is notable for its low winter hardiness (in the northern regions it can suffer from frost) with a shoot length of about 3 m.
A powerful perennial vine with woody stems that grow up to 12 m in length. In this case, the trunk of an adult plant can reach up to 8 cm in diameter. The leaves are round, dense. Unremarkable flowering: small yellowish-green flowers. Fruits are small berries that turn bright orange in autumn. The berries remain on the plant throughout the winter. The foliage, which turns golden in autumn, gives it a special decorative effect.
Grows well both in the sun and in partial shade. The plant is undemanding to soil, loves moderate watering. Adult woodworms tolerate winter well, while young ones can freeze a little. However, in spring the plants recover quickly, growing new shoots.
Woody perennial vine, which is attached to the support with aerial roots. The leaves of the plant are odd-pinnate. Kampsis blooms on the shoots of the current year with large (up to 6 cm) tubular flowers of fiery orange color. The plant is able to withstand temperatures as low as minus 20 °. In the southern regions it winters without shelter; in the conditions of central Russia, the shoots are bent to the ground.
Campsis is photophilous, grows well on moderately moist soils. Propagated by cuttings and layering. To achieve lush flowering, it is necessary to form the skeleton of the plant in the year of planting. To do this, only a few of the strongest shoots need to be left on the rooted cuttings, and all the rest should be removed at the beginning of the growing season. By autumn, the grown and lignified stems are used to create the skeleton.
Perennial climbing plant with 6-sided stems up to 9 m long. Leaves are three to five-lobed, located on long petioles. There are varieties with golden foliage. Male flowers are inconspicuous, yellow-green in color, collected in a paniculate inflorescence. The most decorative are female flowers, which are medium-sized green "cones", collected together in 20-60 pieces. Common hop blooms in June-August.
Hops are quite aggressive and often have to be controlled to prevent the plant from taking over the surrounding area. Grows well in partial shade on moist loamy soils. In winter, the ground part dies off. Return frosts can also cause serious harm to the plant, up to complete freezing. Propagated most often by annual rhizome layers with 2-3 pairs of buds.
This species is most widespread in our country, since it is frost-resistant. The plant climbs up, fixing itself with the help of adventitious suction roots. It has flexible vines growing up to 1 m in length. Glossy leaves are arranged alternately, the leaf plate is divided into 3 lobes and covered with bright veins.
Flowering occurs in autumn. On peduncles about 3 cm long, brushes with numerous small greenish-yellow flowers appear. Flowers can be either mono- or bisexual. The fruits (berries the size of a pea) ripen in winter, becoming bluish-black. The berries are poisonous to humans, but they serve as food for birds.
Loves a calm, shaded place, unpretentious in care. In the first years after planting, ivy grows slowly and requires attention: it is necessary to fix young shoots on the support, directing them up. But after 3-4 years the period of relative dormancy is replaced by rapid growth, with the help of its roots-suckers, the plant already independently rises up and over time can reach a 20-meter height.
© Author: GALINA ARTEMOVA.
Below other entries on the topic "Dacha and garden - with their own hands"
Subscribe to updates in our groups and share.
Let's be friends!