GROWING RASPBERRY - PLANTING AND CARE, FEEDING
Of course, this letter is not just about pest control. Also interesting are the methods of sheltering raspberries, recipes for feeding, caring for remontant varieties, proposed by the author.
Raspberry, my love and pride. Our whole family loves fresh raspberries. Although I cook jam and compotes from it, I make jelly, but the fresh one is sold out instantly.
I am always happy to leave a dish of fresh raspberries for food, because even raspberry jelly, which requires a lot of tinkering, is not in great demand, and compotes are drunk only at the festive table. True, on weekdays I also cook compote from frozen raspberries and apples, my granddaughters especially love it. In the refrigerator, one shelf is always occupied with frozen berries. In my garden there are summer raspberries (I don't know the names) and remontant of three varieties, so we have fresh berries from July to October.
CUTTING AND PROCESSING OF REPAIRED RASPBERRY
In the fall, I always cut the young shoots of summer raspberries up to 1,5 m and cut all the fruit-bearing branches at the root, leaving five to six good thick young branches in the bush. Immediately I revise the young twigs for the gall midge. At the end of the season, I feed with mineral autumn fertilizer and fall asleep with fallen leaves. Before frosts, I always bend the bushes with the help of arcs taken from cucumbers - how this is done can be seen in photo 1.
Previously, I tied the bushes and bent them to the ground, pinning the loops with metal hooks, but the method with arcs better ensures the safety of the branches from breaking, because under the arc each branch from the bush starts up separately, and they do not break.
Of course, this takes quite a lot of time, but the integrity of the raspberry stems is guaranteed even under the weight of the snow cover.
In the spring, when the snow melts and the daily temperature is above zero, before removing the arcs, I spray raspberries from pests and fungal diseases with a solution of copper sulfate at the rate of 1 tbsp. l. 10 liters of water, and a week later - with a solution of ferrous sulfate in the same proportion. It is very convenient to spray when the raspberry bushes are still bent to the ground. I spray not only the bushes themselves, but also the soil under them, where pests usually hibernate. The last spring feeding and pest control "in one bottle" is a solution of urea (100 g per 10 l of water) before flowering.
Some recommend using a saturated urea solution (500 g per 10 liters of water), but I hesitate to use this proportion: I think this concentration will harm the plants. I also believe that it is not worth using a solution of urea or ammonium nitrate in the fall, as some advise, when the bushes are preparing for a dormant period. However, maybe I'm wrong.
Before flowering, I feed my raspberries with a solution of fresh mullein (I fill 1/3 of a bucket with water and insist for three days, then I dilute 1 liter of infusion in 10 liters of water), and during flowering I feed it with herbal infusion - nettle, runny, burdock, celandine.
How to cook it, so I won't repeat myself.
Reference by topic: What is the difference between raspberry remontant and ordinary?
To stimulate flowering and fruit formation, when feeding, I add a solution of boric acid to the mullein infusion: 1 tbsp. l. dissolve in hot water and pour into a bucket of mullein, stirring thoroughly.
But now buds appear on raspberries. Now just look and see that weevils do not fly onto the plant. They lay eggs in buds and gnaw the stems, after which these buds dry up and fall to the ground, and there the offspring of the insect develops in them. So their race continues and our concern for the harvest grows.
It is necessary to scare off the weevil immediately before the formation of buds with the help of a solution of vinegar essence (1 tbsp. L. Per 10 l of water) and during mass summer with a solution of turpentine (also 1 tbsp. L. Per 10 l of water), although, I think, you can use any solution with a strong odor. After all, these solutions only scare away the weevil from raspberries and strawberries.
I water raspberries before flowering, during flowering and during fruiting, very abundantly, especially before feeding. And I do water-charging watering only if the autumn is dry. My summer raspberries always make me happy with their large and clean berries.
But the remontant does not spoil with the harvest every year. Last year there were not enough berries, because the buds of the year before last, at the end of September, were frozen.
My capricious Orange miracle is growing. A very large berry, initially yellow, turns orange as it ripens. I bought it in gardening together with another remontant variety - Pola. Quite an expensive pleasure: a bush with closed roots costs 600 rubles. It has been growing for me for the third year, but does not give growth.
In the second year, in the fall, she cut the bush at the root, and in the spring, five branches grew. The bush bloomed only by September, and at the end of the month frost hit, and many berries did not ripen: in the photo there are 2 ripe berries from the bushes of the Orange Miracle and Polana.
Top dressing for remontant raspberries is the same as for summer ones. But in the fall, after stable frosts, I cut out all the remontant raspberries completely for two years in a row. But last year I left a couple of branches for an experiment: what if on these branches the raspberries ripen earlier and confirm that they are remontant and bear fruit twice a year?
RASPBERRY SHELTER FOR WINTER
In the photo 3-5 are raspberry bushes, covered with a film with the help of the same two arcs, stuck in the soil crosswise. The film was secured with clerical clips (photo 6), which hold the covering material quite tightly, and no wind is afraid of him.
I also use these clamps to make greenhouses, but so as not to tear the film, I put folded rags under them.
Clamps come in several sizes, I use three different numbers and get around building greenhouses without bricks and planks. I spied on this method of fastening from a neighbor and now I constantly use it.
Try it - much better than clothespins!
© Author: Valentina Tver
CUTTING A REPAIR Raspberry - VIDEO
Below other entries on the topic "Dacha and garden - with their own hands"
- Raspberry care in May
- New varieties of raspberries with photos and descriptions + growing raspberries in a trench
- Repaired raspberry (photo) - features of planting and care
- Raspberry - cultivation, care and planting
- Raspberry variety "Zhuravlik" - my reviews
- Rosolistnaya raspberry - planting and care (photo)
- Harvest raspberry or raspberry in science
- Reproduction of raspberries "nettles" + care (Tambov region)
- Types of raspberries (photo and description) - planting and care
- Renovation raspberry - planting and care in Russian conditions
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