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  1. M.IZOTOVA

    All summer with currants

    About 200 varieties of currants are grown on the territory of Russia, and you need to look for those that are best suited for your area, with good yields and resistance to pests and diseases. In the market, I tried not to succumb to the persuasions of sellers - some may slip a novice gardener “what is useless for them”. I chose seedlings with the most developed root system and strong healthy bark (two-year-old bushes). I read that in the middle lane, the varieties of black currant Dachnitsa and Venus have proven themselves well. The bushes, although not tall, are strong and spreading, bear fruit already in the first year, tolerate both winter and dry season well, are resistant not only to kidney mites, but also to anthracnose, rust, powdery mildew, and most importantly, they please caring owners with large delicious berries in large quantities.
    The bushes were planted in a sunny, windless place in the spring, when the soil warmed up enough. If the land is prone to waterlogging, then I advise you to pour more rubble with sand on the bottom of the half-meter planting pits. When planting, I introduced a sufficient amount of a mixture of humus, potassium sulfate and superphosphate. In order for the plants to develop well, giving many strong branches, the currant seedlings were planted obliquely at an angle of 45 ° to a depth of 30-40 cm (this is how additional roots and shoots are formed from the buried root collar and buds). I immediately cut off all the branches, leaving 10-15 cm from the ground and no more than 3-5 buds on each shoot. A number of currant bushes were planted half a meter apart, and of different varieties, which in the future, with cross-pollination, will increase the yield.
    I regularly water the currants (under each bush there are 3 buckets of water), since the roots are located close to the surface, I gently loosen and weed the weeds, mulch with humus, and for the winter I spud soil and compost around the trunk circles to protect the plantings from freezing. In the spring I carry out a rejuvenating pruning: I remove old and extra annual shoots, leaving 10-15 powerful branches of different ages, so that the middle of the bush is not thickened.

    If you plant several varieties with different ripening periods, fresh berries will be almost all summer long and can be canned gradually without "steaming".

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