GROWING WINTER GARLIC - MY SECRETS AND TIPS
It is believed that the secret of the harvest of this culture lies in the jewelry division of the heads into separate teeth and in the exact observance of the timing of their planting. However, there is also a directly opposite opinion. And most importantly, based on facts.
Having left, as it is fashionable to say now, on a well-deserved rest, I began to read more. What else to do? After all, you will not lie down on the bench after 60 years of continuous work! Well, I'll work with my head, it's also a useful activity. This, of course, does not mean at all that I abandoned all the affairs in the country. On the contrary, it is just now that the opportunity has appeared to comprehend the basic agricultural technologies, combining practice and theory. And thanks to my critical mindset, I soon discovered the existence of a number of contradictions. Well, for example, it is constantly stated (even in textbooks) that winter garlic must be planted so that it does not have time to rise before winter. And "so" is how? And on the Pokrov or even later.
Actually, my relationship with garlic is not serious. Of course, I plant the traditional garden bed in the traditional way, i.e. traditional teeth. All honor for honor, like normal people. This is what my household wants. However, do not feed me bread, but let me experiment. Therefore, I have at my disposal a small area for experiments, where I work out new methods of growing various crops (in this case, the same garlic), which sometimes give unexpectedly good results. And sometimes new techniques are much better than traditional ones.
So, I'll start shaking the basics. As you know, in nature, no one regulates sowing, everything happens naturally after the completion of the growing season of the previous year. Garlic's life is no exception. He rises himself, grows, and does not freeze in winter.
And then why all these preparations, treatments, shelters, which summer residents love to talk about in their letters?
Thinking? So I, when I looked at this question from the outside, plunged into reflections. I decided to check: what happens if I take and abandon all these usual tricks? And what do you think? Happened! The result was not only not worse, but in some ways even better than with the grandfather's method. I repeated the experiment - again it converges. But I realized that a lot depends on specific conditions.
I decided to complicate the task and tried to plant the garlic without dividing it into slices, i.e. imitated natural conditions, leaving part of the grown heads in the ground. And the harvest is richer than in traditional beds! I have been using this technique for the fourth year now and have no regrets!
The technology looks like this. I plant IQ-12 heads on a strawberry garden without being tied to any dates, approximately in September. I don't do any special watering, but I give strawberries to drink, which means that the moisture gets to the garlic. Look at photo 1: have you noticed the power of the bushes? As a result, large heads grow in "armfuls". Well, strawberries, of course, such a neighborhood is only good.
WHY CALLED GARLIC WINTER?
Now about the contradiction, which I said at the very beginning. Why was garlic suddenly called winter? A strange question, you might say. Yes, because we plant it before winter. But why then do we not call onions or carrots winter crops?
We also sow them often at the end of the season. It turns out that the contradiction is inherent in the name itself. But I'll keep asking awkward questions. So how do you understand that the crop is winter?
Didn't it rise before frost? As I understand it, the basis for such a name should still not be the sowing time appointed by someone unknown, but the presence of a vegetative phase in the plant, which it passes before winter and partially during it. Why does he need such a phase? And to build up the root system, otherwise the plant may die. But in the presence of living roots, it is always ready for growth. Even in winter. And at the same time, its roots will not get wet and will not freeze, so there is no need to cover them for the winter.
So, the next provocative question. Does everyone agree that the soil is always loose under moist foliage? I think no one will argue. Then why do gardeners often tell how they clean the shelter from last year's litter on garlic beds in early spring, and then loosen and weed the ground? I've never done this. The only thing - I removed large branches. And that's the end of it.
Why? So after all, old foliage and rare weeds that break through from under it cover the soil, prevent it from heating up in the heat and thereby help the cold-loving garlic survive.
Move on. Many gardeners prefer large garlic. I like the middle one more, because it is not always possible to eat even one large clove at a time. Although, of course, I still have a "large-caliber" - specially ordered by my son and wife. Nevertheless, I cannot agree with the opinion of Valentina Aleksandrovna Malashenko, stated in the article "Planting garlic with heads is not" comme il faut "!" Referring to her experience, she convinces us that such a technique is too laborious, since it involves numerous watering, fertilizing and loosening. But my experience suggests the opposite: planting garlic with heads does not require any special preparation of the garden and complex care!
I plant him in any free places. In the case of the same strawberries, I try to arrange the garlic on the southern side of the ridge so that it shades this beauty on hot days. And in general, I do not specifically do it: I do not loosen, do not cover, do not water. I can say that he is homeless. The only thing I remember to do is clean up on time. And a couple of weeks before harvesting, I rake the earth around the bushes.
Naturally, I am also engaged in the renewal of varieties, collecting seeds that I take from ripe control arrows - for this I just need to have them in one bed in only four or five pieces. It is important to choose the timing of the removal of these arrows: this should be done only when they completely form their first "rings" and begin to enter the second. As for the very process of removing them, I either break it off with my hand, or cut it off with a knife, or "chuck" with a pruner. The main thing is that the cut is lower, near the sheet. Gutted arrows are usually used to make infusion from pests.
But once I cut a whole bucket of unripe arrows, I wanted to soak them for spraying the plants and forgot. I found them in the fall, when they turned yellow and seeds began to pour out of them.
I was very surprised by this. After all, I repeat, they were immature! But for the sake of interest, he stunned everything and scattered the seeds in different parts of the garden. And then again he was surprised - they sprouted!
Now I boldly scatter seeds from arrows everywhere, especially under trees and bushes. Sometimes I plant ripe seeds on a separate bed in several rows, like carrots, making grooves with a small flat cutter. I spread the seeds there every 5-7 cm, or even more often. Then I pull the plants through one for use in food, and the remaining one-toothed teeth go into the winter.
Reference by topic: Growing garlic in the Moscow region - tips for planting and care
The next spring I pull the plants again (every second) and use the pulled out young garlic with pleasure in salads. And from the remaining one-toothed teeth, normal heads grow.
I describe all this in such detail and with ardor because in Dacha I have come across several articles in which they criticize the landing with whole heads. Apparently, I alone advocate this method. True, I never plant garlic in huge plots, because I don't need such a large amount of this good. This year, by the way, I tried again for the experiment to plant it in the usual "bed" way, but with heads. I used seven pieces in total. The result is in photo 2.
As you can see, I got seven heaps of perfectly normal garlic. True, it turned out to be slightly smaller in size than the one that grows free (in strawberries or one by one in different corners), but still the size of the heads pleased me.
Now a little about the landing itself. I try to deepen the heads by 2-4 cm (I count from the upper tips of the teeth). I usually do this in early September. I do not cover with anything. Yes, sometimes garlic sprouts in autumn, but in spring it is green again.
True, the winters were also warm. I cannot say yet what will happen in the bitter frosts. But that's the whole point of any experiment: do what others don't advise, and succeed.
But this is not stubbornness, but a simple calculation that gives me the opportunity to get a large harvest with less labor costs in a smaller area.
However, speaking about possible frosts, I hope for this: strawberry bushes go 15-30 cm high before winter, the garden is blown by the wind, and there is usually a wide strip of high mustard nearby.
If there is snow, it immediately covers the strawberries with their heads and even higher, because the mustard delays them well. And she herself often falls on strawberries. It also means protection for garlic.
I wish all fellow summer residents health and good harvests!
I forgot about one important point to say: the signal for cleaning the heads themselves is the straightening of the control arrows (photo 3) and cracking of their shells, as well as yellowing of the five lower leaves on each plant.
PLANTING WINTER GARLIC - WHEN?
© Author: Boris PUSTOVALOV, Moscow
Below other entries on the topic "Dacha and garden - with their own hands"
- Growing some spring types of garlic
- Joint planting: garlic with dill
- Growing garlic is my secret (Chelyabinsk region)
- Planting garlic - the best calendar dates and rules
- Growing spring garlic - planting and care (Leningrad region)
- Cultivation of garlic is an interesting way
- Harvest of winter garlic planted in early spring - my way
- Growing Garlic - 10 Tips
- Growing garlic - growth stimulant + ammonia + planting in two tiers
- Why degenerates and finishes garlic and how to rejuvenate it
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