Shipsless gooseberry variety Grushenka and Black Negus - reviews and care
VARIETY of gooseberry "PEAR" REALLY WITHOUT THINS!
For a long time I did not like gooseberries because of their sharp thorns. Moreover, I didn't even want to think about him once again. Until I found out by chance that there were no thornless varieties on sale. I thought: maybe try to change my anger to mercy? Okay, I think I'll go to the nursery, carefully examine and touch the seedlings (what if they still "bite"?), And then we'll see.
I arrived. And what new varieties I did not see there! Bushes and tall, and not very, berries and black and green. And there is a whole palette of fruits to taste - from mild sweet to tart. I examined everything for a long time and finally chose the Consul and Grushenka.
He began to "tyrannize" by questioning the sellers and learned that the first grade still has small thorns at the bottom - which means you can forget about it. But Grushenka is really all smooth. She really liked me, I even christened her "darling." Yes, you rarely find such a combination of qualities as hers: unpretentious to soils, heat and frost-resistant (up to -30 ° it can easily withstand), has high immunity against diseases, and most importantly, does not require special care.
Plus, she is still stunningly beautiful: in the shine of the emerald foliage of the branches, a marvelous necklace of purple berries attracts the eye. You look at the fruiting bush and you can't take your eyes off!
In general, my darling Grushenka doesn't prick her fingers, and feeds me with a sweet berry. Therefore, I treat her extremely tenderly. I feed them regularly: in the spring - with organic matter, and in the fall - with a complex of mineral fertilizers for fruit and berry crops or superphosphate, but I am careful with watering: my gooseberries do not like waterlogging. That and look, his roots will rot. But if there is no rain and it is hot, then without watering the berries will be savory and unsweetened.
Grushenka's branches are long, so in the spring I cut them to 1/3 of their length, and at the same time I remove all old and unnecessary shoots so that the bush is well ventilated and illuminated by the sun. Then new branches will grow quickly. And so that the fruit-bearing branches do not fall on the ground under the weight of the berries, during the ripening of the berries I put a support around the bush: I drive three pegs at an equal distance from each other, pull a wire between them and put the shoots on it.
Last year, my beautiful darling suddenly got sick with a moth: caterpillars began to braid the bush with a cobweb. But I did not poison the gooseberries with chemistry, but took 100 g of garlic, "chewed" the cloves in a crusher, poured the resulting pulp with 3 liters of water, waited 12 hours and sprayed the bush. After that, Grushenka gradually recovered and eventually became even more beautiful. And it is not surprising, because garlic not only heals well, but also feeds the plants, it contains almost the entire periodic table!
This season, I decided to plant one more variety - Ural Besshorny with bright green fruits and sweet tender pulp.
© Author: Nikolay ERMIKOV. Bryansk
See also: The best gooseberry varieties - the sweetest, largest-fruited and thornless
TIP: BLACK NEGUS - ONE MINUS AND MANY PLUSES
I have known the Black Negus gooseberry variety since childhood. As far back as I can remember, he always grew up in our garden, and no one looked after him, and at the same time he was not affected by diseases or pests. But every year it regularly gave a good harvest.
When I myself became the mistress of the site, I began to surround this handsome man with care in order to increase its fruiting. And at the same time I decided to study the biography of this gooseberry.
Having rummaged in the literature, I found out that the Black Negus was bred in the middle of the last century at the All-Russian Research Institute of Horticulture named after I.V. Michurin.
His "parents" were the European large-fruited gooseberry Anibut and the American Dye-tree.
Apparently, my favorite genes really got good ones. His bush is powerful, spreading, with long strong branches that grow very quickly (so I have to prune the crown quite often).
And the best part is that the Black Negus can grow both in the sun and in partial shade, and in size as well. berries, this does not affect in any way. Well, I also really like that he is immune to such a serious misfortune, which easily affects berries like powdery mildew.
Since, as I said, the bushes of the Black Negus grow quickly and, moreover, look beautiful, it can be used as a hedge. Moreover, the thorns on the branches are quite sharp. This is the only drawback of the Negus, but it is more than compensated for by the quality of the berries. They have a dark purple color and sweet and sour taste, ideal for making jam and making wine. True, they quickly overripe, and if you do not collect them in time, they either fall off or dry out right on the branches.
I propagate this variety by root shoots, which easily take root in a new place both in spring and in autumn. In general, Black Negus is a very unpretentious gooseberry and can even replace some grape varieties by taste, especially in the northern regions, where this culture causes a lot of trouble.
© Author: Lyudmila KHARITONOVA, Shchelkovo, Moscow Region
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