POTATO BARS - WHICH IS BETTER?
A lot has already been said about advanced planting and hilling schemes, as well as recipes for the most effective top dressing. But the fact that different varieties of potatoes need differently designed beds has never been discussed.
The best safety net
Like it or not, but always in the new season you start looking back at the last one. For example, summer 2020 made me happy. And what will the current one be like? Should we believe in folk omens in our time or trust modern forecasters? Or maybe it's better to recall the popular wisdom that says "Hope for the best, but prepare for the worst"? Yes, it will probably be safer to spread straws so as not to be left without a crop. It is about such a "straw" that I want to tell all readers.
And don't tell me, I really like to share information. But, please note, only personally verified. So no misinformation! It's about growing potatoes. "How! You exclaim. - Again about him? How can! We already know everything. " Well, that's all, but not all. Moreover, this culture for us, summer residents, is literally strategic.
In short, brothers, what needs to be done in order to get a guaranteed harvest? I propose to build for the sake of this bed-box. “Well, wow, surprised! - I foresee new objections. “Who doesn't know about them in our time ?!” Yes, and I myself think so. But I always have something to surprise you, dear readers. Look carefully at the very first photo - the one with the general view of my site. The ridges-boxes are not the same for me: some are higher, others are lower; some are wider, others narrower. And it is not without reason that I have three types of such structures for potatoes. But let's take everything in order.
1st type of beds for potatoes
This is the simplest option. Boxes are hammered out of planks and placed on the ground. And so that they do not warp, I nail pegs in the corners. The height of the boxes is one board, i.e. 150 cm each, and the length can be any. Further, I fill such a box not with earth, but with soil. For me, these are different concepts. I call the soil the soil on my site, and more specifically, it is clay. Yes, I do not live in the Black Earth Region. I know that now many will think: “But you don’t have to sting - and potatoes can bloom on the clay”. It will bloom and grow, of course, but I need the harvest, as they say, above the roof. That is why I fill my boxes with the imported soil.
Those. it is a substance that is most suitable for growing vegetables, fruits and flowers. Moreover, it is different for each crop, and semi-decomposed peat is best suited for growing potatoes. So every autumn I order a whole car of this kind. All winter the peat lies under the snow, and in the spring and summer I grow it along the newly built ridges.
Well, not that only me - with the help of male power, of course. What to do, I am fragile woman, I do not possess physical strength (but I have other advantages). Yes, this work is not easy, but it is not done immediately in one year. Let's say I built three new boxes - we filled them with my husband. The next season, she erected three more pieces, and so on. And gradually, in all the ridges, I have good soil. And it does not mix with the "parent rock" (ie clay), because it cannot "escape" from the boxes. Yes, I forgot to say that I make the passages between the ridges 70 cm wide. In them I do not change the land, do not fertilize or water. Only occasionally does my husband mow the grass there.
And what, by the way, attracts me so much to peat? What's good about it? And the fact that it is loose does not thicken over time, and potato tubers easily move it apart during growth. Also, peat allows water and air to pass through, which are necessary for the growth of potatoes. It, of course, acidifies the soil, but the potatoes just need that.
In these low ridges, I grow early and late potatoes. I plant tubers in two rows to a depth of 20-25 cm, and then I do not huddle the plants. I will add that in wet weather the potatoes do not rot in boxes, but in dry weather you need to water them as usual. After all, potatoes, regardless of the method of planting, love watering.
2nd type of beds for potatoes
They are built with a height of two boards, but they are also filled with loose soil. They are 150 cm wide and 3 m long. I plant there 10-12 tubers in two rows and get 40-45 kg of potatoes from one such ridge in the fall. Although you can get more if you fertilize better. The question arises: why is the yield higher in such boxes? And due to the fact that I plant sprouted potatoes there deeper than usual. The main word here is "germinated".
For deep planting in loose (I repeat: loose!) Soil, tubers must be germinated in the dark, without access to light.
In this case, long shoots without green pigment grow on them. They can be, depending on the variety, white, pink or purple. And from these sprouts underground, powerful stolons will begin to grow, and the tubers will be located in several tiers. Hence, the yield is higher.
But if you plant tubers in this way, sprouted in the light and having green sprouts, the yield will be scanty, because stolons with tubers will never grow on the pigmented parts of the sprouts. In the bed-boxes of the 2nd type, I plant mid-season varieties.
Reference by topic: Growing potatoes in the beds of boxes - my reviews (Moscow)
3rd type of beds for potatoes
I call them whatnots. They are 1 m high, 150 cm wide, 3 m long. And these beds usually yield two or three times more than the previous two types. And so that you, dear readers, clearly understand how I grow potatoes in them, I will describe all my actions in great detail. Well, my photos will help you too.
I am building a ridge-box with a height of two boards, as described above.
I fill it with soil, fertilize it.
I insert six pipes with holes drilled into them in the middle of the ridge. I pre-seal the lower ends of these pipes with wooden plugs.
I plant tubers, germinated in the dark, to a depth of 25-30 cm.
I'm waiting for the results.
As soon as I notice that at least one small sprout has come out of the ground, I immediately put a second box of type 1 on top of this garden bed) and fill it to the brim with fertile loose soil.
I'm waiting again.
One sprout appeared - I immediately put the third box (type 1) and, without hesitation, I fill it to the brim with loose fertile soil.
Once a week I water the ridge-bookcase abundantly, and I supply water directly to the pipes, and it gets evenly through the holes to the plants, wetting all the soil.
Once a week, through the same pipes, I feed liquid dressings to the potatoes.
When the foliage on the potato bushes is almost dry, I start harvesting.
After that, I remove the upper box, and put the soil into the passage.
I take off the next box, collect the tubers, put the soil into the passage, and subsequently cover it with a film for the winter (and in the spring I fall asleep again in the ridge-bookcase).
I do not touch the bottom two boards.
I take out all the remaining tubers from the ridge with the help of a shovel, making sure that none of them remain to winter.
Weighing the trophies.
Thanks to the use of three types of bed-boxes, I managed to significantly increase the yield of potatoes. But the most important thing is that I have a guarantee that I will not be left in the fall. Another important point: such agricultural technology allows you to get more tubers from a smaller area, which is especially important if the garden is already small.
But, you ask, why is it necessary to use three types of boxes? And because not all varieties are suitable for growing in whatnots. Here we need those that are able to build up more stolons.
This can only be found out empirically. I realized that Bars, Chaika, Galaktika, Tuleevsky, Stavros, Moneta, Charodey, Kiprsky, Bananchik, Fidelia, Rosi, Captiva, Carmen, Ritan, Nikse, Credo, Sarovsky, Sharvari Piroshka and Manifesto are suitable.
If, dear readers, despite all my efforts, you still do not understand something, write. My firm does not knit brooms!
See also: Growing potatoes in beds-boxes
POTATOES IN BOXES. VIDEO
© Author: L. Andreeva Udmurtia
Below other entries on the topic "Dacha and garden - with their own hands"
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- Whether to pick flowers from potatoes - gardener reviews
- Soil preparation for early potatoes
- Planting potatoes - tubers or eyes?
- How to speed up the ripening of early potatoes?
- Planting potatoes: what to make in the hole
- Purple potatoes
- Planting potatoes with small tubers along with beans - my reviews
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