GROWING TOMATOES - PLANTING AND CARE: 12 USEFUL COMMANDMENTS
Our family loves tomatoes, so we plant a full 6 × 3 m greenhouse and one row in the second greenhouse. The yields are good, sometimes very good. I want to share my experience - the techniques that I use.
The most important thing (in my opinion): you need to love and feel tomatoes.
Don't plant tomatoes too early: I do it on March 14th. I tried it before, but they outgrow, suffer and, of course, lose their yield.
I use my land, from under the cucumbers, add ash and coconut substrate, sometimes eggshells, sometimes sleeping coffee.
Tomatoes do not like too fatty soil, only at first it must be fertile in order to give impetus to the growth of the plant.
Seedling. As in a child who was loved, fed correctly, walked with him in the fresh air, health is laid for life, so in tomatoes.
The seeds should be large, convex and natural in color. I do not process anything when planting, except sometimes with an EM solution.
It is advisable to plant each type of tomato separately. If in the same dish, then at least at a distance of a couple of centimeters from each other, because they begin to fight for food and light.
I don't dive seedlings: I don't see the point.
I try to water in a pan so that the roots reach out to the water.
I grow my seedlings in the kitchen, cover the window sill with penofol so that it does not blow too much from the window, move the old table to the window, thereby increasing the area, and put foam plastic under the cups.
When the tomatoes grow up, be sure to change their places. On hot days I spray it with water. As I grow, I fill up the earth and use special seedling tablets as top dressing. I spray it a couple of times with an EM preparation and once with a growth stimulant.
I put a label with the name of the variety on each glass. I plant 100-120 pieces, because I have friends, acquaintances with whom I willingly share seedlings.
Lighting is mandatory, especially at first, when the next harvest is being laid. Now it's not a problem to buy a phytolamp.
Now let's talk about what always arouses great interest among tomato lovers: these are varieties and hybrids.
When choosing a variety, everyone should be guided by what he wants to get in the end. Some gardeners prefer varieties: they believe that they are tastier than hybrids, others recognize only very large tomatoes, others - small, no more than 100 g. I have also met cherry lovers. Our family is "omnivorous", loves different tomatoes, especially large ones, but also medium-sized ones are always available for pickling.
Every year I test several new products, but the result, alas, is not always happy. If I especially like something, I keep it for myself or buy it in addition. Once I planted the famous Korneevsky - the bush crawled around the greenhouse for a long time, hung from above, like a cucumber, but did not give a single fruit. There are very good reviews about him on the Internet, perhaps it was not Korneevsky, but I was simply deceived.
There are varieties with a deliberately low yield. My neighbor is praising the pink elephant tomato with might and main - they say, the most delicious. I planted one - two or three fruits were formed on the stem, really tasty, large; but it seemed to me that this was not enough, and I do not plant him anymore. I would like a bigger harvest.
See also: Tomatoes - planting and care from A to Z
So, the requirements for my tomatoes: taste, yield, disease resistance.
Many, probably, grow the Persimmon variety: it is tasty, cute, but it starts to hurt the very first, and I refused it. And it happens that some sort does not go with you. Why is this happening? Much depends on the soil, the location of the site, lighting, the gardener's attitude to plants, etc.
There are many examples of this: I planted the well-known Mazarin tomato for two years in a row and would say that it is average in all respects. But many praise him! Or, for example. Octopus. I gave him the best place, fed him well, as a result he grew big and beautiful, but with rare small tomatoes of mediocre taste. It turns out that these tomatoes did not go to me. Why waste time on them then? At the moment I have 60 new varieties.
About the taste: it's very individual. I do not like the famous Ladies' fingers for the voids in the fruit and the mediocre taste. But there is a whole list of favorites that I plant annually: Blagovest, Spetsnaz, Southern Tan (very tasty, by the way), Intuition, Krasnobai, Grandma's Secret, Eupator, Pink Helmet, Truffle, Tidwell. All of them are fruitful and unpretentious. Very interesting, with a beautiful habit, tomatoes Spasskaya Tower, Vladimir the Great, Strawberry dessert.
They help me in my work with tables with a list of varieties that I compose in winter. Of course, they are repeatedly adjusted. I hang the printed data file in the greenhouse. This is necessary in order to take into account the characteristics of tomatoes - growth, large-fruited, yield. And by the end of the season, I know everything about the planted tomatoes.
In September, together with my husband, the main consumer of this product, we analyze the grown tomatoes, decide what to leave. Now we have about two hundred varieties, and maybe more.
Now about the landing. Our Siberian conditions make it impossible to plant tomatoes early. One fine (and warm) day, when patience ends, we warm up in a bathhouse and with the help of a boiler, we pour several buckets of water into prepared holes and immediately plant seedlings, covering them with earth. When planting, I throw in a pinch of complex fertilizer, and then stick pieces of flat slate with the name near the trunk, while writing down in a notebook, cover with covering material and forget for a week. If it's cold, I additionally cover it with another layer of covering material. It happens that the sprouts break when planting, then I put them in the water, and then I plant them in buckets without a bottom.
A few words about watering. I have a one-liter barrel in my greenhouses, in which I distribute all kinds of fertilizers - at first it is manure, fermented grass, chelated micronutrient fertilizer.
But the main watering is drip. It makes life very much easier for both me and the tomatoes: it is dry in the greenhouse, and my back does not hurt. Everyone can afford drip irrigation: it is inexpensive and easy.
During the season, I spray tomatoes with various preparations and dressings: potassium humate, chelated, EM drugs, Bessarab solution etc. Be sure to mulch with grass. In the heat, I curtain the southern side with lutrasil, water the paths and the greenhouse itself from above.
In the greenhouse I plant basil in two rows - it is good friends with tomatoes - and marigolds.
I would like to draw your attention to the fact that in Siberia we need to try to plant early varieties or mid-early ones, so that tomatoes have time to grow and ripen, as well as disease-resistant varieties. One of our favorite varieties is Blagovest: it never gets sick, always gives stable yields, and is good at salting.
GROWING TOMATOES IN SIBERIA IN A GREENHOUSE - VIDEO
© Author: Natalia ZOLOTUKHINA Krasnoyarsk
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