PEPPER FROM ITS SEEDS + VARIETIES OVERVIEW
SELF-ASSEMBLED PEPPER SEEDS
Finally, we found time to talk with friends - gardeners and gardeners - about low-yielding and late ripening, vitamin and multi-colored, non-capricious and beloved sweet peppers. I have been working in the garden since I was 23, or more precisely, at the age of three I buried the grains in the ground - my favorite game was. What can I say, from the roots of the peasants, Ryazan and Tetyushin, one does not have to give up.
I revere my wise and just, courageous warriors against my will (who wanted it, war, then?) Great-grandfathers, although I did not even find my grandparents alive ...
And peppers turned out to be the most difficult and obscure culture for me. I started working on them in 2016. Although back in the early nineties I got acquainted with the wonderful cuboid variety Californian miracle.
Against the background of our pointed-nosed Swallows and Medals, it was, of course, magnificent, but a bit late and not too yielding (only 6 fruits per bush, Belozerka has more even in an open garden). Of course, I am talking about the yield in relation to my Nizhny Novgorod conditions, as well as about other characteristics. I wanted to pick up hybrids and varieties once and for all, work out agricultural techniques and plant not 65 bushes of peppers to get a harvest sufficient for the family, but at least 40.
Having once grown F1 Magno and F1 Claudio, she no longer wanted to part with them: orange and red cuboid fruits with a pericarp of 1 cm, juicy and sweet (of course, in a greenhouse), very pleased - the bushes are stocky, they do not require garters. But how precious the seeds are! Moreover, out of five pieces, alas, only three will rise. Knowing that some fellow gardeners keep individual tomato bushes in a cool place in winter in order to grow seedlings from their stepchildren in the spring (after all, there is not only less work, but also the cost of buying hybrid seeds), I decided to do something similar with pepper. After all, peppers are easier to keep in a warm apartment, and they are not as painful as tomatoes.
First, I took fresh and therefore especially fast-growing seeds from the peppers I had eaten and sowed them at the beginning of winter. I let the peppers grow for a month, cut them off above the root and put them in a stimulant solution. Contrary to the assertions of agronomists, within 10 days the peppers released a bunch of roots. Then these two peppers gave a crop in a greenhouse - not rich. But the experiment continued.
In the fall, I already dug up a healthy F1 Magno bush, grown from ordinary seeds, and settled it on the windowsill in a five-liter pot. He continued to bear fruit, albeit in small fruits, until the day became quite short. In the spring, I cut cuttings from its young branches, grew roots in a stimulator, and then planted them in a permanent place in open ground, because, in my opinion, it is not worth taking an expensive place in a greenhouse for experiments, but in the ground, if necessary, you can cover the culture low.
But the cuttings turned into one-sided twigs and did not become bushes over the summer, yielding one small fruit at a time.
Peppers are perennial plants, perhaps, and would develop in the future into full-fledged bushes, but obviously not in our climate. Stepson, like a tomato, does not give a lignified trunk of pepper. The experiment was negative.
I tried to grow peppers from store seeds without any pruning in a full cycle. I was convinced that more than four fruits cannot be obtained from their bushes, although they are excellent in characteristics, but, most importantly, they always ripen much later than the aforementioned hybrids. In some year, these "store children" suddenly did not give a harvest.
Having visited the forums of farmers on the Internet, I realized that they themselves use, as they say, "self-harvesting" seeds, which for us, shop buyers, will become the third and completely sterile reproduction. That is why I do not use this method of growing peppers anymore and I do not advise others, although I can probably do this in a small amount.
BOUQUET PEPPERS - THE EARLY EARLY!
After completing the experiments, I started looking for a variety that would give tasty early fruits, and not five pieces per bush, as usual, but 10-12, like hybrids. In 2018, I found such a variety, although not the earliest - Blagodar. But in 2020, he did not give his 14 fruits from the bush. I got acquainted with the State Register and found out that it was zoned for the North Caucasus region, and in the last cloudy season in our area, he and other varieties simply did not have enough illumination - the suites that this culture requires for development and fruiting up to 12. still a contradictory culture! After all, from the bright spring-summer sun it is sometimes necessary to cover it in the greenhouse with newspapers. Although no, not contradictory - adamant, create only favorable conditions for her.
So, along with your favorite hybrids and varieties, you need to use a zoned plastic variety, albeit a sharp-nosed one, which will give its guaranteed rich harvest in any year.
For example, they write about the Health variety that it is not picky about lighting. Well, let's try.
I have been testing varieties since mid-November. I have already figured out something for myself. On November 18, Chanterelle and the sharp Fiery Volcano sowed a bouquet-type pepper of flowering. Bouquet pepper develops much faster: its branches of the third order now reach 7 cm and there are already 14 buds, except for the three I removed. The non-bouquet Volcano has branches of the third order so far only 1,5 cm in length, 13 buds, and it branched out only after I pinched it (for the same experiment) over the seventh leaf.
The next pair, sown simultaneously in mid-December, is even more strikingly different from each other. The bouquet Orange bouquet has 13 leaves, it has branched, the first three buds are visible, and the non-bouquet Dawn, which I pinched after the 7th leaf a week ago, when the Orange bouquet already had 11 leaves and the first bud, is just beginning to release stepsons.
There are other factors here (for example, the seeds of the Dawn are taken from a simple white bag), but it is clear that the peppers of the bouquet type are earlier, you just need to choose those that are tastier.
They say Chanterelle is very tasty, we'll check it out soon. Among the peppers of the bouquet type are Hussar Cup, Apple Spas, Golden Jubilee, Dobrynya Nikitich, Kolobok. True, I don't really like Kolobok. At the same time, probably, bouquet peppers are not the most fruitful, but they will not be planted alone.
It also became clear to me that lanky Ramiro, Alyosha Popovich and the like need to fearlessly pinch over the 7-9th leaf to accelerate fruiting.
I will not give up on the F1 Quickly hybrid - I did not have a chance to see and grow an earlier pepper. Among mid-ripening and late varieties, I choose those that are light green or white in technical ripeness: they do not taste bitter during heat treatment, so you can start using them earlier.
A LITTLE ABOUT AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT PEPPER
I am convinced that, unlike eggplants, we need to grow peppers only under cover, the most convenient, of course, in a greenhouse. I give them the warmest places in my two greenhouses (not in a draft). The most important requirement is loose and warm soil, so I plant them later than tomatoes.
To loosen the soil, I use peat or perlite (2 liters per 1 square meter for digging), soaked in a working solution of a microbiological preparation. This is a hay bacillus preparation, the most effective of its kind in Russia, it protects plants from powdery mildew, root rot, bacteriosis, late blight and even cladosporiosis.
Weekly leaf treatments and soil spills (I shed the soil - after a week I sprayed it on the leaf and thoroughly), seed treatment allowed me last season to practically not pick off tomato leaves: even being affected by cladosporium and sprayed with a biological product, they simply dried up, and spores from them did not pour, did not infect neighbors, therefore, for the first time in many years, tomatoes ended the season with predominantly green foliage.
A gooseberry sick with powdery mildew cleared after a single spraying. I will not say anything about late blight: I have not met with him, thank God, for many years. In general, choose from all the other hay stick preparation - for tomatoes and cucumbers this is even more important than for peppers! And this is not an advertisement, this is my personal experience.
Incidentally, this is a continuation of the theme started by the distinguished A.P. Bessarab. Indeed, in the USSR they were very closely engaged in biological products, and their current use is the result of the developments of those old years.
Of course, the soil should be fertile enough, but first of all it should be loose and moist.
I tried to make a warm bed in the greenhouse under the pepper - it is very laborious, but I did not get much result: good watering is necessary here, even drip is better. But here, on a hill with a shortage of water, this is a waste of work, but for someone a warm bed under the pepper will be a godsend.
Returning to the peppers.
At an early age, they are especially sensitive to light, so I apply a special seedling illumination mode, which I described in relation to eggplants in the article "The King of the North drinks vermicofe", published by the esteemed editorial board in the second issue of the current year. I will not repeat myself.
Since the flower buds of pepper are laid at the stage of three to four leaves, biologists advise giving it a phosphorus-potassium supplement in the early period, and nitrogen by the time of budding and fruiting, i.e. the opposite is true, just an amazing waywardness!
And further. It is believed that pepper is easily cross-pollinated. To harvest my seeds, I divide the different varieties of peppers with lightweight partitions from the thinnest and cheapest covering material.
Well, get to work, friends! We will work hard and always learn - there is no limit to perfection.
PEPPER FROM ITS SEEDS - VIDEO
© Author: Svetlana SUKHANOVA Nizhny Novgorod
Below other entries on the topic "Dacha and garden - with their own hands"
- Pepper formation - do I need to pinch the top of the seedling?
- Growing pepper in the Krasnodar Territory - planting and care: my tips
- The best varieties of pepper - photo, description and name - planting and care
- Rocoto pubescent pepper (photo) planting and care, varieties
- The optimum temperature for growing pepper seedlings
- Hot pepper at home - LED lights with your own hands
- Why is it important not to rush with pepper seedlings?
- Hot peppers are the best and most burning varieties. Photo, title and description
- Secrets of growing the best varieties of pepper and our feedback on the ways of care and experience
- Cultivation of pepper - tips gardener
Subscribe to updates in our groups and share.
Let's be friends!