GROWING SWEET BULGARIAN PEPPER IN KHAKASIA - MY TIPS
In order for these green whims to be generous with the harvest, they will have to "sew" a double and universal outfit.
Today I want to talk about how I grow sweet bell peppers in difficult natural conditions. In our area, the climate is sharply continental: hot during the day and cold at night. Peppers, on the other hand, are delicate things, demanding of their people, they love uniform warmth and fertile soil. And if the latter can still be somehow ensured without the use of special ingenuity, then I had to pretty much smash my head over providing heat. At first, of course, I tried to plant peppers in the same greenhouse with tomatoes, but they did not like it there. What to do? I decided to go from the opposite direction.
Don't want to live in a "house" with good neighbors? Grow outdoors. You will probably be more comfortable there. You just need to come up with something to keep you warm and light there. And I came up with it.
To begin with, I built separate warm beds: I took out a fertile layer, put manure, humus in the resulting grooves, sprinkled it all with ash and returned the removed soil to its place. She put pegs along the edges and in the center of the beds, on them she pulled pieces cut from a roll of plastic film equal to the length of the beds.
I chose the width of these pieces so that they would overlap the beds across, and would not interfere with adult bushes of peppers. And I got shelters, which I called "skirts". Why? Because, if the weather is hot, these shelters, like ordinary skirts, can be tucked up: from one edge of the beds I untie them from the pegs and twist them to the other.
But that's not all. Above the "skirts" I put arcs and pulled a "roof" made of nonwoven material over them, which I also tied to the same pegs for reliability. If it is cold and windy outside (especially at night), the beds remain under double cover. If it gets warmer, I remove the “roof” from non-woven fabric. Well, when the sun has completely steamed the earth, I twist the "skirts".
Now I can adjust the temperature more precisely to create a comfortable life for the peppers.
I plant peppers on the beds in the flowering phase and stick pegs for a garter near each one, because otherwise the bushes can collapse under the weight of the ripening crop. The lower stepsons - two or three of them - I always cut off. Wastefulness? No: plants save food and save energy for impact fruiting. I personally have enough collected and from those branches that remain.
By the way, thick-walled bell peppers have one secret. If the fruits are harvested at the stage of technical maturity (i.e. when their walls are thinner than at full ripeness, since the fruits grow first in length, then in width, and only then in thickness), then this stimulates the appearance of new peppers, and , which means that the yield of the bushes themselves increases.
As for the varieties, I have three of them: Voronezh and two more (yellow and red), the names of which I do not know. The matchmaker Natalya, who lives in the Voronezh region in the town of Buturlinovka, shared them with me. Greetings to all the workers of the earth! Do not get sick, do not grow old, work on the land - it will not offend you.
© Author: Galina Mikhailovna EREMINA. Montenegrin Khakassia
Reference by topic: Shelters for plants for the winter: which one is better - a reminder
NOTE: PEPPER WALLS - LET'S BLOW OUT
I choose pepper seeds for planting from fresh fruits bought in a supermarket, and then pour this seed into the water: I throw out what has surfaced, and I take out those that have settled, hold it for 20 minutes. in a solution of potassium permanganate and then planted in plastic boxes from under the minced meat (two seeds next to each other). In the garden, then, by the way, I also place the seedlings in pairs in the garden. At the same time, I water well and cover the ground with any old non-woven material, on which I spend further watering all summer. It is very convenient, besides, the grass does not grow under it, and there is no need to loosen the soil.
I remove all the leaves to the forks on the growing bushes, I do the same with the first flowers during flowering.
I will share one more trick. As soon as I plant the peppers, I immediately make around the plantings a windproof "corral" of pieces of old film, which I cover on top with another nonwoven material, but with a strictly defined characteristic - white and No. 17. Not thicker! Otherwise, the peppers will not have enough light.
By the way, I construct the same "pens" for eggplants, only I cover the top with a black non-woven fabric, especially if summer does not feel warm. This shelter also protects the eggplant from the Colorado potato beetle. And I open the black "roof" for a couple of hours before lunch for pollination of flowers. I always mulch the ground under the eggplants, and I only loosen it with a pitchfork, sticking them into the ground and taking them out of it strictly vertically: I don't swing left or right - I'm afraid of damaging the plants. All these techniques were taught to me by my beloved aunt Valya, the kingdom of heaven to her.
A few more words about the use of a pitchfork. In the same manner, I loosen the ground under the cucumbers in the greenhouse, when it seems that I have filled them with water. In fact, when watering it is better to underfill, otherwise the cucumbers may disappear: all the leaves will fade at once, and the khan to the bushes, you cannot do anything with them.
The soil under the cucumbers must be made breathable in order to avoid drying out the roots.
And in the greenhouse I also plant radish with cucumbers: they say it protects its neighbors from ticks. Maybe, but still, for prevention, I treat cucumbers twice with a solution of a non-systemic insectoacaricide with an interval of 10-12 days.
© Author: Lyubov Vasilievna ZELENINA village of Sernovodsk, Samara region.
Reference by topic: Shelter roses - a method proven over the years and tips from florists
SHELTERS FOR PEPPER AND EGGPLANT - VIDEO FOR SPRING AND FOR SUMMER
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- Tools to facilitate the work in the garden, in the country
- What plants to plant in a sunny place?
- DIY accessories for the garden and the plot - photos and ideas
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- Vertical garden or how to make supports for vegetables
- Curbs in the country - what to choose and make: pros and cons
- We organize drip irrigation with our own hands: step-by-step assembly-instruction
- Soil for seedlings with their own hands - the components
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