CHERRY, CHERRY AND DUKI - GROWING IN THE VLADIMIR REGION
Not so long ago, cherries and cherries were unconditionally considered, if not southerners, then not northerners for sure. Now this is a common attribute of dachas in the North-West: in the vicinity of St. Petersburg, you will not surprise anyone with these cultures. However, even in the Middle Lane, not every year pleases with warmth, so we read carefully.
Today I want to talk about cherries, cherries and dukes. We often hear that cherries do not bear fruit if there is a forest around them. However, I do not agree with this argument: our village Kanabievo is also located inside the forest, but there is no need to complain about the harvest. So what influences the well-being of cherry trees? Let's figure it out.
1. First of all, the yield depends on the choice of the variety. For example, I prefer partially self-pollinated varieties.
2. Since our area belongs to the zone of risky farming (in winter we have frosts down to -35 ... -390), the varieties must be highly winter-resistant. In addition, they must have either frost resistance or late flowering, so that in the spring, as a result of sudden changes in day and night temperatures, the fruit buds do not freeze during the period of return cold weather.
3. Productivity always increases with cross-pollination, so at least two or three varieties should grow on the site.
4. Of great importance for cherries is the acidity of the soil, which should be closer to neutral. To do this, I definitely put half a bucket of dolomite flour into the planting hole: it not only neutralizes the soil, but is also an excellent fertilizer. I also bring in at least a liter of ash, which is rich in many trace elements.
CHERRY DOES NOT LIKE RAW - LANDING IN THE RIGHT PLACE
Cherries show good results only on light fertile soils and with sufficient moisture. On our site, the soil in different places has a different structure, which constantly has to be taken into account. So, on heavy clay soil, I must add a bucket of sand to the planting hole for looseness, and on sandy, on the contrary, a bucket of clay, so that after watering and rains the moisture necessary for the good development of the root system that feeds the tree remains longer.
As for low and damp soils with a close occurrence of groundwater, then they cannot wait for a good harvest of cherries on them.
Here it is already necessary to do drainage, and plant the seedlings on mounds so that the spring water, and then the excess moisture during summer watering, flows from the trunks into the boundaries. The cherry tree site should be well lit by the sun and protected from cold northeasterly winds.
In the last decade, it became obvious that in our area the level of occurrence of pound waters has dropped significantly. After five years of experimentation, I definitely advise making the landing pits deeper - from 70 cm to 1 m.
Also, abundant watering of mature trees after flowering, after harvesting and pre-winter moisture-row irrigation have a positive effect. In order to avoid exposing the crown in August-September, I pinch the branches of one-year growth with a length of 25-40 cm, which also has a positive effect on increasing yields.
I plant cherries at a distance of 2 m to 5 m from each other, depending on the height of the selected variety. In the planting hole with a diameter of 4 cm and a depth of 50 cm, I always put only humus and in no case fresh manure! Also, be sure to put two glasses of superphosphate and a glass of potassium sulfate.
I don't pamper cherries with nitrogen fertilizers, only once after flowering I carry out foliar top dressing on the crown leaf with an aqueous solution of herbal dung (2:10). Under mature trees in the radius of the crown, once every three years I sprinkle dolomite flour on a bucket, followed by loosening or mulching the soil and watering.
CHERRY - CARE
In early spring, when the air warms up to 5 °, Vitaly's son sprays the garden with a solution of Bordeaux mixture (3%) for the prevention of diseases, iron vitriol from mosses and lichens, and then - before and after flowering - with purchased preparations for volatile pests. All procedures should be carried out only late in the evening, so as not to kill beneficial insects, and strictly according to the instructions.
If the cherry blossom period fell on the return cold, I spray the trees with water in the late evening, and the ice formed protects the flowers from freezing.
In the summer I remove weeds and follow the irrigation. In late September - early October, I carry out pre-winter water-charging watering of cherries (without fertilizers). Dukes and cherries are taken care of the same as for cherries, but they are distinguished by their strength of growth and greater resistance to moniliosis and clotterosporia. I graft cherries and dukes on my own seedlings from highly winter-resistant and resistant to underpinning varieties - Shubinka and Vladimirskaya, and cherries - on seedlings of highly winter-resistant varieties of cherries (Iput, Rev-na, Leningradskaya black) and Vladimirskaya cherries, so that in the future the thickness of the stock and scion will be the same - this will have a positive effect on the longevity and fruiting of the tree.
Cherry fruits improve appetite, are used in dietary nutrition as a general tonic for anemia. We are happy to use large sweet berries as a dessert and make preparations for the winter.
And now I will tell you briefly about cherries, cherries and dukes that our family liked.
Reference by topic: Cherries: planting and care - the main questions and simple answers
GROWING CHERRY - GREAT VIDEO!
CHERRY VARIETIES - NAME + DESCRIPTION
Molodezhnaya (cherry 2003) is a winter-hardy, fruitful, disease-resistant variety. The berries are large, maroon color, juicy, of excellent dessert taste.
Robin (cherry 2001) - fruits are large, dark red, good sour-sweet taste. The variety is highly winter-resistant, disease-resistant, fruitful.
Rusinka (cherry 2003) is a partially self-fertile, highly winter-resistant, high-yielding variety. Berries weighing about 3 g, dark red, good sweet and sour taste.
Turgenevka (cherry 2012) - berries are large, about 5 g, maroon color, good sour-sweet taste. The variety is fast-growing, productive, highly winter-resistant, disease-resistant, partially self-fertile.
Novella (cherry 2012) is a highly winter-resistant, disease-resistant, high-yielding, partially self-fertile variety. The berries are large, maroon color, juicy, of excellent dessert taste.
Memory Vavilov (cherry 2014) - fruits are large, about 4 g, maroon color, juicy, excellent sour-sweet taste. The variety is fast-growing, highly winter-resistant, disease-resistant, high-yielding.
Iput (cherry 2001) is a highly winter-resistant, partially self-fertile, disease-resistant, fruitful variety. Fruits are large, about 7 g, from maroon to black, juicy, good dessert taste.
Revna (cherry 2014) - berries are large, maroon color, excellent dessert taste. Highly winter-hardy, partially self-fertile, high-yielding, disease-resistant variety.
Fatezh (cherry 2001) is a highly winter-resistant, disease-resistant variety. Fruits are large, about 6 g, amber-yellow color with a blush, excellent sour-sweet taste.
Bryanochka (cherry 2016) - berries of medium size, dark red, juicy, pleasant taste. The variety is high-yielding, winter-hardy, environment unstable to diseases.
Leningrad black (sweet cherry 2003) - quite winter-hardy, although internodes, places where skeletal branches leave the trunk, periodically suffer from frost. The cracks (with gum) that have appeared I cover with clay, and on top with garden pitch, so that the putty does not wash off with rain, it helps very well. The variety is resistant to moniliosis. The fruits are large, about 7 g, almost black, juicy, of excellent dessert taste.
Orlovskaya Amber (cherry 2012) - low-growing, highly winter-resistant, disease-resistant. Berries are amber-yellow in color, medium size, pleasant dessert taste.
Festivalnaya (Duke 2005) is a fast-growing, partially self-pollinated, highly winter-resistant, disease-resistant variety. Berries are ruby red in color, juicy, medium size, excellent sweet taste with subtle sourness, very early ripening. Fruiting is annual.
Radonezh (duke 2004) - fruits of medium size, dark red color, aromatic, good sweet and sour taste. The variety is highly winter-resistant, partially self-fertile, disease resistant.
Spartanka (Duke 2014) is a high-yielding variety, disease-resistant, highly winter-resistant, large berries, dark cherry color, juicy, aromatic, with a good sour-sweet taste.
Ivanovna (Duke 2016) - fruits are large, about 7 g, dark red, fragrant, juicy, good dessert taste. The variety is fast-growing, highly winter-resistant, disease-resistant, high-yielding.
In recent years, birds have flown in flocks from the forest and dealt with the harvest at lightning speed. So far, the most reliable protection against them is the lutrasil shelter of trees on which the harvest is just beginning to ripen (until the color of the berries changes). If ripe berries are tasted, no lutrasil will help!
I wish you all good health!
I do not send seedlings.
SECRETS OF GROWING CHERRY - VIDEO
© Author: Vera Okhonikova
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