GROWING CARROTS ONLY FROM YOUR SEEDS
It is impossible to imagine a garden without your favorite vegetable crop - carrots. This delicious, carotene-rich root vegetable gives us an excellent harvest every year. We try to get the highest possible yields of beautiful and even root crops. Therefore, when growing vegetables, we strictly adhere to the principle of crop rotation and return them to their original place no earlier than in four five years.
The key to a successful harvest is high-quality seeds and proper care of the vegetable crop, i.e. timely implementation of all agrotechnical measures during the growing season.
On our site, we place carrots after cabbage, cucumbers or tomatoes, in a lighted place. We prepare the soil for carrots in the fall, after harvesting. We dig the garden bed to a depth of at least 25-30 cm. Since we have applied enough organic fertilizers for the previous crops, this time we add only humus: one bucket per 1 square meter. m. Early in the spring, we again dig the garden bed to a shallow depth (25 cm) and add 10 g of ammonium nitrate, 30 g of superphosphate and 20 g of potassium sulfate for each square meter.
It is often possible to hear complaints that a sufficient amount was introduced under the carrots and manure, and sown on time, and watered, etc. and so on, and in the fall we got ugly root crops.
Apparently, not everyone still knows that fresh manure cannot be applied under the carrots: the roots branch out, in addition, ripening is delayed.
I will not hide: I myself made such a mistake in my youth, but life and experience teach everything. That incident was a good lesson for me.
We sow carrots in late April - early May. Seeds sprout in 15-20 days. To accelerate germination, be sure to soak them: we immerse a bag of seeds in warm (not lower than 25 °) water for a day, changing it two or three times. On the second day after soaking, sprinkle the seeds on a canvas and cover them with a damp cotton cloth for a while, preventing it from drying out. As soon as the first hatched seeds appear, we dry them slightly and immediately proceed to sowing.
On the day of sowing (early in the morning or in the evening), we make grooves in the garden at a distance of 20 cm from each other, at least 2 cm deep and as wide as a matchbox, then abundantly moisten the soil with warm water. After a while (a few minutes), the soil becomes moist and convenient for sowing. Then we scatter the prepared seeds into grooves at a distance of 1 - 1, 5 cm from each other to a depth of 1, 5 cm, sprinkling with a thin layer of soil and slightly compacting it.
We constantly monitor the germination rate. As soon as massive friendly shoots appear, after 10-12 days we start loosening the soil. In order not to damage the young shoots of carrots, during the seeding of seeds in the grooves, we sow several grains of barley or oats, which quickly sprout, marking the rows of crops. As the carrot shoots appear, carefully remove these beacons.
Remember: carrots respond well to loosening the soil in the aisles, carried out after watering and rains.
When the seedlings reach a height of 5-6 cm and have three to four true leaves, we carry out the first thinning, leaving the distance between the shoots at least 2 cm.The next thinning is carried out 20-30 days after the first, leaving the plant from the plant - at a distance 5-6 cm. By this time, young roots are more than 1 cm thick, and we are already happy to use them for food.
NOT EVERYONE NEEDS LIGHT
During the formation of root crops, loosening is combined with hilling. At the same time, we pay attention that the upper part of the root crops, which is adjacent to the leaves, is always in the ground. Covering the heads of carrots with earth from the light, we thereby protect them from transfusion, i.e. from the accumulation of solanine in them, and preserve the quality of the root crop.
During the summer, we feed the carrots with organic fertilizers twice. Since we live in a rural area, we keep cattle. The beloved cow Milka pleases the family with delicious fresh milk, and in addition, provides organic fertilizers (manure, compost and humus) in sufficient quantities - we use them to improve soil fertility. The first feeding is carried out 20-30 days after the emergence of shoots with a solution of organic fertilizer (1 part mullein for 8 parts of water), the second is done three weeks after the first.
We remove weeds on the beds in a timely manner and always keep the soil clean. We monitor whether harmful insects have appeared on young plants. To protect against carrot flies nearby, in the next garden bed, we cultivate turnip onions.
SEEDS ENOUGH FOR EVERYONE!
In dry weather, water the carrot shoots moderately and regularly. We do not water in the fall, as it is often rainy weather. Carrots absorb a lot of moisture, and when they are dug out of moist soil, the roots crack, losing their presentation. We harvest at the end of September, before the onset of cool weather.
We cultivate the following varieties: Losinoostrovskaya-13, Queen of Autumn, Nantes-4, Vitamin-6 and others.
It is pleasant to note: all varieties always delight with a good harvest.
SEEDS OF SOME VARIETIES WE COOK BY YOURSELF.
When multiplying the seeds of this culture, it must be borne in mind that it is capable of cross-pollination.
Therefore, in one season we plant only one variety of root crops on seeds, for which in the fall we select mother plants weighing 100-150 g and leave their tops at least 2 cm long from the root neck, then put them for storage in the basement. In the spring, we select only healthy roots with a regrown head and, when warm weather sets in, we plant them on the garden bed in an ordinary way at a distance of at least 30 cm from each other, carefully sticking them into a hole made in prepared soil. In this case, we leave the upper part of the root crop at 0-5 cm above the soil level.
As soon as the stems with twigs begin to grow, we tie them to pegs 1-1, 2 m high. In hot weather, do not forget to water the mother liquors. They also respond positively to feeding - a weak solution of organic fertilizers.
We get the seeds in a separate way. First, we cut off the testes (when the seeds in the umbrellas acquire a brownish color) and put them for ripening. Then we manually separate the seeds from the umbrellas. We clean it from chaff, we wind it. We store in plastic bags in a warm room.
We do not complain about the sowing quality: the seeds remain viable for three to four years. We not only use them ourselves, but also distribute them to neighbors and acquaintances. By sowing them on their backyards, they also get excellent carrot yields.
We grow not only carrots, but also potatoes, cabbage, cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers, as well as watermelons and melons, and, of course, we do not forget about beautiful flowers.
We wish everyone good health, happiness, peaceful skies and good harvests!
YOUR OWN CARROT SEEDS - HOW TO GROW AND HOW TO COLLECT - VIDEO
© Author: Alexander SHARIKOV. Chuvashia
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