BARBARIS - GROWING, LANDING AND CARE
In my garden, not only a beautiful, but also a useful fruit shrub grows - barberry. It is especially beautiful in spring, during flowering, and in autumn, when the crown is decorated with bright fruits, and the leaves turn reddish.
Barberry is a rather unpretentious plant, but it has features that must be taken into account. I want to share my experience in growing barberry.
There are many types of it. They can be decorative and edible, evergreen and deciduous, with berries of various colors and shapes - The most common are common barberry, Thunberg, Amur and Juliana. I grow common barberry - a branched shrub up to 2.5 m high with erect prickly branches.
I plant barberry in the fall, but it is also possible in the spring, while the buds have not yet blossomed, in an open, well-lit place, protected from the winds, because then the flowering will be brighter, and the color of its leaves will be a more intense purple color, although it also tolerates slight shading, on light, well-drained, neutral soil.
This unpretentious plant does not require much soil, but prefers light loams. If the soil is acidic, then it is better to lime it by adding 200 g of wood ash under the bush. I prepare in advance a planting hole 50-60 cm wide and deep. I pour 8 kg of humus into it, well mixed with the ground, so as not to burn the young plant. After planting at the seedling, I shorten the shoots, compact the soil, water it, then mulch it with peat or compost.
Barberry is drought-resistant, does not tolerate stagnant water, therefore I water it only in case of severe drought under the root with settled cold water. I shallowly loosen the soil around the bushes, remove weeds.
Barberry is a good honey plant, therefore it attracts bees. It blooms in May-June with beautiful golden-yellow flowers in the form of inflorescences with a very pleasant aroma, reminiscent of the smell of honey. The first bright red edible elongated fruits with a sweet and sour taste appeared in my shrub in the second year after planting, and later began to ripen annually in September-October. It should be remembered that in order to obtain a rich harvest of barberry berries, it is necessary to have several of its bushes on the site in order for cross-pollination to occur. I pick the fruits only when they are fully ripe, and unripe can be poisonous, so you need to be careful.
When the barberry grows, in early spring I do thinning pruning of branches, cut out weak, dried, broken and diseased shoots. Very beautiful hedges can be formed from barberry. He tolerates a haircut well, does not get sick after it, thanks to which he can be given a variety of shapes. But barberry also looks great in single plantings. This plant protects from dust, gas pollution, wind, makes the site more beautiful and comfortable.
To get a large harvest of berries and beautiful flowering, I plant barberry bushes no closer than 2 m from each other. If you want a hedge, plant more often.
See also: Types of barberry (photo)
I start feeding barberry from the second year after planting. In the spring I feed him with nitrogen fertilizer in the form of a solution: 20 g of urea per 10 liters of water. Then I feed it once every 1 years. In the fall, I feed the barberry with phosphorus and potassium fertilizers: 3 g of potassium fertilizer and 10 g of superphosphate for each bush.
BARBARIS - PESTS AND DISEASES
Barberry is resistant to diseases and pests, however, due to waterlogging or strong shading, powdery mildew, fruit rot, and rust can develop. Of the pests, the barberry aphid, flower moth, sawfly can attack the shrub. If the plants are severely affected by diseases and pests, then diseased leaves and shoots are best cut and burned. In early spring, before bud break, and in late autumn, after leaf fall, processing with a 3% solution of Bordeaux mixture helps. For prevention purposes, at the initial stage of diseases and with a small number of pests, you can use a garlic infusion: chop 4 medium heads of garlic, pour 10 liters of hot water and leave for a day, and then spray the plants with this solution.
I fight barberry aphids with a solution of laundry soap: 300 g of soap per 10 liters of water.
Against pests, I plant mint bushes next to the barberry, which play a protective role, in the fall and spring from under the barberry bushes I must remove and burn all the garbage with all pests and pathogens, dig up the soil around the bushes.
Reference by topic: Barbaris (photos) useful properties planting and care
Barberry can be propagated by seeds, cuttings, layering or dividing the bush. I propagate by layering. To do this, in early spring, I tilt healthy annual shoots to the ground, put them in recesses, strengthen them a little and cover them with soil, leaving a small shoot with several buds above the ground. As they grow, I water them, huddle them up, remove weeds. By autumn, the cuttings take root, and full-fledged seedlings are obtained, which I then carefully dig up and transplant to a permanent place.
Barberry is a frost-resistant plant that can withstand temperatures up to minus 30 °. But in the early years, while the seedling is still small, I still cover it with spruce branches. If the aboveground part of an adult barberry is damaged by severe frosts, then it is easily restored due to the rapidly growing growth.
Barberry is not only a beautiful shrub, but also useful. It contains many organic acids, vitamins A, C, sugar, potassium, sodium, aluminum, silicon, nickel and other macro and microelements. For medicinal purposes, you can use its fruits, leaves, roots and bark.
I use barberry berries in cereals, pilaf, make jelly, jam, jam, sweets, marmalade from them, drink tea, compote with them. They perfectly improve appetite, and together with honey I use them to increase efficiency, strengthen immunity. 1 tbsp. pour a spoonful of leaves or 1 teaspoon of barberry berries with 2 cups of boiling water, leave for 15 minutes, filter, add honey to taste and drink it as a healing tea.
To lower blood pressure, as well as to prevent atherosclerosis, my mother uses an infusion of barberry roots: 1 tbsp. a spoonful of roots is brewed in 1 glass of boiling water, kept in a water bath for 15 minutes. cools and filters, refills with water to the original volume. Drinks 3 sips 3 times a day.
CONTRAINDICATIONS OF BARBARIS
But it should be remembered that barberry berries are contraindicated for people with high acidity of gastric juice, patients with thrombophlebitis, hypotension, bradycardia, in a pre-infarction state.
BARBARIS - LANDING AND FEEDING ON VIDEO
© Author: S. Martynov, Eagle
Below other entries on the topic "Dacha and garden - with their own hands"
- Growing blueberries in the garden - the nuances of agricultural technology and reproduction
- Variety of actinidia and care for it
- Propagation of honeysuckle and gooseberries with green cuttings - how to?
- Rhododendron transplant from the forest to the garden - my experience and reviews
- Hydrangea (photo) - care and pruning
- Preventing the growth of sea-buckthorn and other tips for growing it
- Features of caring for barberry - pests, feeding and reproduction
- Berries and frosts, showers, hail, heat
- Currant not with a bush, but with a tree with your own hands
- We choose seedlings of berry bushes - a memo to the gardener
Subscribe to updates in our groups and share.
Let's be friends!