HOW TO RESTORE A VARIETY OF GARLIC
GARLIC WITH BIG BENEFIT
It is customary to break the arrows on the garlic beds, leaving only a few pieces alive to control the ripening of the crop. But if you approach agricultural technology wisely, then it is the arrows that can also become a guarantee that the dacha bins will not empty in the event of natural disasters.
COUNTED - SLEEED
Judging by the letters, many summer residents harvest winter garlic, focusing on specific dates. For example, in our area it is customary to start digging heads on July 12, on Peter and Paul. I don't stick to numbers, as the weather in spring and summer is different every year. It is best to be guided by the state of the control arrows with "onions". And as soon as the “wrapper” bursts on them, I take up the shovel.
But even in this case, one must not miss the moment. After all, if you start digging earlier, the scales on the heads of garlic will not have time to dry out yet, and the harvest will be poorly stored. Dig it up later - the heads will crack, the scales will burst, and the teeth will begin to look out (the heads can even fall apart right in the ground) - this is also bad for storage. If I come across such specimens while digging, I immediately let them in for processing or conservation.
But I will return to the arrows, or rather, the airy "onions" formed on them, which are popularly called bulbs. This is a good planting material. A chance helped me evaluate it.
I usually plant garlic with cloves in the 20th of October, choosing an auspicious day according to the lunar calendar. And every time I think about this: when planting, a lot of previously harvested garlic is consumed. It is very unprofitable.
And the point is not even that you have to use almost 1/6 of the crop, the cultivation of which took so much time and effort. The main thing is that for planting I select the best and largest heads with four teeth.
VARIETY OF GARLIC OTRADNENSKY
What is this, by the way, for my grade? And this is our, local, shooting winter garlic Otradnensky. There is a legend that Queen Catherine gave these lands to one of her favorites, Beketov. He began to transport serfs here from his estates in Ukraine. These settlers brought all the planting material of vegetable crops with them. There was, of course, garlic too. On the new earth, his heads grew the size of a fist, had four or six teeth! The village, where the main estate was located, began to be called a delight for the eyes - everything was so well arranged there. Now it is part of one of the urban areas, the name of which, with minor changes, has been retained by local residents: now it is Staraya Otrada.
Back to the garlic. I usually divide the heads neatly into teeth, avoiding mechanical damage. Soak in a solution of table salt (5 tablespoons with a slide on a bucket of water) for 2-5 minutes. Then I transfer these teeth to another bucket, where I first fill in a solution of copper sulfate (1 tbsp. L. Per 10 l). I keep them there for 1 - 3 minutes and, without rinsing, I plant them.
This allows me not only to increase the yield of garlic, but also to protect it from ticks and nematodes.
At the same time, I plant the cloves on dug even beds, which I sprinkle with a layer of humus 5-6 cm thick just before the frosts. This mulch does not allow the soil crust to form, retains moisture and is an organic top dressing.
"LUKOVICHKI" - GARLIC ONE TOOTHS - A SAVING SOLUTION
And now, finally, I turn to the very story that prompted me to experiment. I planted the garlic according to the usual technology and did not expect any surprises. But it rained all December, then frosts hit, and the ground was covered with a crust of ice.
In the spring, when I arrived at the dacha, I did not find any sprouts of garlic. Later, individual shoots did appear, but they pressed against the borders of the garden. Here it is necessary to clarify that all the ridges are not high, they resemble "troughs" buried in the ground. So: it looks like the garlic is not frozen, but soaked. And such a picture was not only in my garden: on the way back on the bus, I only heard how summer residents complained to each other about the missing garlic.
But this did not make it any easier for me, because other bulbous crops, for example, hyacinths, also suffered that year: What can you do with garlic? A little later I noticed that its airy "bulbs", which I usually plant in flower beds with lilies and tulips, turned green there with even shoots, despite the ups and downs with the weather. Why did I plant them on the borders of flower beds? I read somewhere that bears do not like the smell of garlic and bypass it. So I decided to protect the bulbous flowers in this way.
But maybe these bulbs will help me in another way? And so it turned out! In the summer, having dug them out, I received both "onion" -one-teeth, and normal heads, which had a completely marketable appearance.
As a result, I restored my variety - in the fall I again had my own planting material, and other summer residents had to buy imported garlic.
Reference by topic: Cultivation of garlic in a dacha with denticles and bulbots
PLANTING GARLIC WITH ONE-CHOPPERS - UNDISPUTABLE BENEFIT
Now in the fall, I dig furrows on a bed prepared for garlic, on the bottom of which I pour a layer of sand. Incidentally, in the same way I began to plant lilies, tulips and other bulbous flowers. The fact is that the sand protects the bulbs from diseases, various rot and fungi that can penetrate from the soil, and at the same time it is an additional drainage.
Then I spill the sand with water (our autumn is usually dry) and lay out on it the past described
above seedbed preparation planting material of garlic - cloves or one-cloves. At the same time, I place them with their bottoms down and in a checkerboard pattern. Then I sprinkle it with dry sand and sprinkle it with earth, creating elevations like rollers on the surface of the beds. And in spring, friendly shoots turn green on these ridges. Yes, and it is convenient for me to take care of plants. For example, it is easy to water the plantings along the grooves between the rollers. But the main thing is different: last year the weather in winter again repeated its tricks. All of them suffered from garlic, but I turned green in even rows, as if nothing had happened. I forgot to mention one more interesting nuance associated with the use of sand. When digging a crop, it serves as a good guide: heads are not lost in it, whereas before I often left some of them unnoticed (especially small ones). And in the barely blowing year, these "losses" sprang up in the beds intended for other crops: I use crop rotation.
Now I use fewer cloves for planting, keeping the heads for food. After all, about half of the planting material is one-tooth, which grew from the bulb.
I dig these bulbs in the summer, one-toothed ones grow from them, I sort them into large and small. And in the fall I plant them as full-fledged teeth. Recently, I have not dug up the place where the bulbs grow. Just before digging, I stop watering the beds, and the garlic leaves "at rest."
In the second year, I dig out large heads, and much larger than those grown by teeth. The difference is clearly visible in the photo. When planting with bulbs, there is a temptation to make dense plantings, but I plant them in a checkerboard pattern at a distance of 4-5 cm from each other. Then the heads grow round and beautiful.
Having at hand such a miracle of nature as shooting winter garlic, you will always have a harvest!
© Author: Elena SHAKHMATOVA. Volgograd
Reference by topic: Garlic from bulbock
TAKE A NOTE - GARLIC BULBS FOR PESTS AND DISEASES
I want to tell dear cottage workers how garlic helped me save other crops. Every year, when planting garlic, at the end of the garden bed, I sow its bulbs in two rows. And since I observe the crop rotation every year, these "kids" stay there to grow. This season I cut them, chopped them and soaked them in a bucket. I kept them there for several days - the smell went vigorous from this bucket. I strained the infusion, diluted it with water (I didn't bother with the concentration) and sprayed the resulting solution several times with cabbage, carrots and tomatoes. And they all grew up strong, clean. Even late blight did not appear! And in the garden there was a pleasant smell from garlic.
By the way, I often poured water into the bucket with the infusion, so it was enough for me for the whole summer. And the spraying was carried out with the help of a plastic bottle - "poltorashka", in the lid of which I made several holes with an awl. This "tool" turned out to be the best of all purchased sprayers!
I cover the beds with garlic and onions planted before winter with fallen leaves, and on top of them I throw all kinds of sticks so that the wind does not ruffle this organic “blanket”.
© Author: Lilia Timofeeva MAKOTKINA Oryol region.
Reference by topic: Planting and growing multi-tiered onions with bulbs
PLANTING GARLIC BULBS - VIDEO
Below other entries on the topic "Dacha and garden - with their own hands"
- Planting garlic with whole heads and strawberries - my reviews
- 5 best ways to preserve garlic - tips from THE GARDENERS
- How to store garlic? Like this!
- Growing winter garlic in the Perm region - planting dates and care
- Garlic cultivation - planting and care (Oryol Oblast)
- Growing garlic in the Nizhny Novgorod region - planting and care
- Planting winter garlic under a layer of mulch
- Planting winter garlic and advice on cleaning it (Moscow)
- Garlic from bulbock
- Winter Garlic: 5 harvesting tricks
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