PLUM "STANLEY" MY EXPERIENCE OF GROWING
Before reproaching any sort of plum for its shortcomings, try to remember better, what did you do at the beginning and at the end of the season?
PLUM STANLEY - SWEET TROPHIES
During my illness, I faced such indifference and indifference to us, the elderly, on the part of the medical staff that I was simply horrified. Therefore, only you, dear "splendid gifts", remain my friends and support. When I take up the pen, it immediately becomes easier for me, I get distracted from bad thoughts.
This time I want to tell you about my favorite American bred Stanley plum. Seven years ago, my husband bought four seedlings at once, tempted by the fact that this plum was then a curiosity on the market. Today you can buy such a variety anywhere, but I do not regret that I planted Stanley in the garden, and here's why.
First, it has good frost resistance. The bark on the trunks is smooth, dense, I have not yet noticed frostbites on it.
Secondly, this plum grows well on neutral soils and on loams. Therefore, I mulch my acidic soil in the tree-trunk circles for the winter with ash, and in the spring I remove its excess in the aisles.
Thirdly, we get high, stable yields every year. The branches are simply covered with fruits (ripening, by the way, by the end of September): 50-60 kg of sweet trophies can be removed from one tree. Moreover, they themselves are large (weighing up to 70 g), with a thick waxy coating, have an elongated shape and thick, dense, juicy pulp. And the best part is that all the fruits are of the same size and do not crack when ripe. In contrast to the much-praised Renklode, in which, for example, from excess moisture, ripening fruits can almost fall apart into two parts. At Stanley, the fruits that have reached the condition have good transportability.
But I still collect them slightly unripe, so that later, during storage, they "reach" to full ripeness and thereby acquire a good keeping quality.
I make wonderful jams, marmalades and preserves out of them. I also marinate with the addition of mustard seeds or freeze. You can also use plums for making liqueurs and compotes.
TIME IS NOT MONEY, BUT HARVEST
You probably think that caring for Stanley is easy too? But I wouldn't say, because diseases and pests stick to her. Although, perhaps, the point here is that abandoned areas are located around my garden, where all this evil spirits are hiding, but this does not make it easier for me. For example, fruits are easily damaged by the sawfly (flower beetle), moth (moth), aphids, whitefly and mites. I already know these "comrades", as they say, by sight.
I'll start with the sawfly. It hibernates in the crevices of the bark and in fallen leaves. He gets out of his wintering in early spring (as soon as the temperature rises to 5 °) and is ready to do his dirty work. Therefore, it is important not to waste time here. When I see the juice on the buds, it means it's time to urgently process the trees.
Otherwise, caterpillars will have time to crawl into the buds, and no spraying can drive them out of there. I try to carry out the processing early in the morning, after dew, when the pests are still inactive.
In addition, the flower beetle makes holes in the foliage, which can be confused with clasterosporium disease: with this sore, holes also appear in the leaves. But you need to know that the sawfly is most harmful in May, and clotterosporia - in July.
But the plum moth appears 20-25 days after flowering, when the fruits are already formed. At this time, not yet hardened bones are formed in them, and the larvae of pests can gnaw them and end up inside. For spraying from all these creatures during the growing season, I usually use bioinsecticides, and before leaf fall I treat plums on foliage and their trunks with a 6% urea solution. In addition, the sawfly can be collected by shaking the trees (having laid out the foil under them beforehand) and digging up the trunks, and against the thickfoot I hang jars of fermented jam and trapping belts.
In principle, the same measures help in the fight against aphids (I determine its appearance by the bluish bloom on the leaves) and mites (they make themselves known in the heat, and if you do not take action, they will suck the juice from the leaves until autumn) ...
So, now about the whitefly, which is sometimes also called the "white death". It is difficult to destroy it with chemistry, because butterflies have, as it were, protective shells. But there is such a stage in their development when they are vulnerable: if the leaves began to shine slightly from the sweet "molasses", the butterflies can still be driven away by spraying.
But if the foliage has already turned black, covered with a continuous soot bloom, you have completely lost the crop. Whitefly is also dangerous because it spreads viral chlorosis and curly leaves.
As for diseases, Stanley sometimes suffers from flowability, i.e. the fruits are weak on the branches and fall off at the slightest breeze. In this case, I spray the trees with an auxin-based preparation.
PLUM "STANLEY" - 1 OUTLET AND 3 NOTES
Well? Did I scare you? Do not be afraid. Process plums in time and keep your garden clean. And you will be happy! And then all the above disadvantages of Stanley will fade in front of the main advantage of this variety - high-quality, if I may say so, yield. Well, as far as agricultural technology is concerned, here everything is just simple.
I began to form the crowns of seedlings in the second year, and already in the third season they began to bear fruit. Regular watering was first carried out at the rate of 20 liters per 1 sq. m, but my husband came up with another option: along the radius of the crowns, he dug grooves about 15 cm deep, and pours water into them with the addition of mineral fertilizers, and then covers them with mown grass or straw. The trees are very happy with such "drinkers".
And finally, I will cite such a fact: Stanley is considered a partially self-fertile variety, so you need to plant several seedlings at once.
STANLEY PLUM VARIETY - VIDEO
© Author: Galina Schekaleva art. Petrovskaya Krasnodar Territory
Below other entries on the topic "Dacha and garden - with their own hands"
- Why does not the plum fruit?
- Plum variety "Stanley" - description, reviews, pros and cons
- Growing a tree of fruit plum and caring for it. Plum sorts.
- Plum sorts for the Far East
- Caring for the autumn plum and autumn planting of seedlings
- How I made the plum bear fruit
- Reproduction of plum by cuttings
- The most delicious plum varieties - photo, name and description
- Plum cultivation in the Smolensk region - care tips
- Growing plum in the suburbs
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