Development of a new summer cottage using natural farming technology - my advice
IMPROVEMENT OF THE NEW PLOT AND THE APPLICATION OF NATURAL AGRICULTURE ON IT - MY FEEDBACK
It is pleasant to read letters in which summer residents lovingly talk about their plots, about the work done to improve them. And beautiful, and comfortable, and the harvest pleases - what more could you want?
They started gardening in 1975, when they were still living in the Arkhangelsk region. There was a plot of six acres in a swamp. Got it, let's go, and there the ducks swim. But nothing, they drained, mastered, brought sand, soil, manure. Gradually they built a house, greenhouses, a bathhouse. Planted strawberries, raspberries, currants, gooseberries. We learned how to grow potatoes, beets, carrots, cabbage, turnips, cucumbers and tomatoes in the greenhouse. And there was a place for your favorite flowers. Of course, everything didn’t work out right away, but they didn’t give up, they worked together, first with my husband, then the children grew up and began to help.
But now the service ended, they retired and returned to their homeland in the Nizhny Novgorod region. Here the climate is much milder, and the land also beckons, so they again acquired a completely new site, and a new development began. But now we already had experience of working on the ground, we read many books by N.I. Kurdyumov, J. Mittlider and others.
They began to use natural farming. Immediately, the plot for the garden was divided into beds, enclosing them with slate. It’s more convenient, because labor costs are reduced: we don’t dig, but we loosen, there are few weeds, we mow grassed paths, we sow green manure in the fall, we definitely use mulch, we prepare “green fertilizer”.
We use chemistry minimally - only superphosphate and urea during planting, and periodically deoxidize the soil. We grow vegetables the same as everyone else - without curiosities. I want to share how I grow cucumbers.
Reference by topic: New plot and virgin lands: tillage, development and beds - personal experience
A BED FOR ORGANIC AGRICULTURE WITH YOUR HANDS
The bed is made high, 60 cm. The husband made a 1 × 4 m box from thick boards. We have been preparing the soil since autumn: we dig a trench, fill in branches, leaves, manure and bury it, sow green manure - and until spring. I sow cucumbers for seedlings in a greenhouse in a box in April, cover with foil until germination.
In May, I transplant to a garden bed in a furrow spilled with hot water with potassium permanganate. I cover each plant with a cropped five-liter bottle, and on top of the whole row with covering material, which is thrown over the crossbar. From below we fix from the wind. If necessary, from the cold, you can also cover with a film.
So cucumbers grow under bottles until they become crowded and the weather settles. Then we remove the bottles, tie them to the crossbar. We leave the covering material, use it according to the weather - we cover it at night and during cold snaps.
We use “green fertilizer” as top dressing, and nettle as mulch: I chop it and add it all summer. I believe that nettle contributes to a rich harvest.
I plant only ten plants in one row. Enough for two families - both for food and for preparations.
I have also been growing leeks for several years. At first, trenches were dug for him, then they were hilled, but this year they used the following method. She planted seedlings in furrows and put on each a “glass” without a bottom from a one and a half liter bottle, into which she then poured earth, fed and watered. Thus, significantly reduced labor costs, and the harvest was a success.
OUR PLOT - BEAUTY AND PRIDE
In mid-April, I sow zucchini and pumpkins in the greenhouse - I cover them until germination. As soon as they grow up and the weather allows, I transplant them to a permanent place. And in the greenhouse we plant seedlings of tomatoes and peppers.
Phytophthora never happened! I think, by the fact that my windows and doors are constantly open for ventilation.
I also try to avoid over watering and use mulch. From the heat in July, I stretch the spunbond in two or three layers under the ceiling in the center.
I plant up to 15-20 varieties - it's always interesting to try something new.
Three beds are allocated for potatoes, we plant them in double rows and use the mulch again. After the second hilling, we sow green manure - again, soil protection.
And my pride and joy are numerous flowers and ornamental bushes. Everything blooms and smells sweet from spring to late autumn: from tulips, daffodils and hyacinths in spring to chrysanthemums, dahlias and cannes in autumn. In moments of rest, I sit on the swing by the fountain. There are flowers all around, water murmurs, butterflies flutter - beauty! It’s a pity that this doesn’t happen often: there are a lot of things to do, and you have to do everything in time.
We are looking forward to the start of the new season - the soul and hands are asking.
© Author: Valentina Alexandrovna SMIRNOV. Nizhny Novgorod
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Below other entries on the topic "Dacha and garden - with their own hands"
- Growing northern melons and watermelons - tips and personal experience
- Creating a fertile soil layer (rye + mustard)
- Pumpkin “Baby” - growing and my reviews about the variety
- Thermophilic and exotic plants in the Middle Strip (Tula) - cultivation and frost resistance
- Growing Kiwi - Vaccine Vine
- Momordica - planting, growing and care, photos of plants
- Growing watermelons and melons - planting and care: advice from gardeners and gardeners (2 collection)
- Improvement of the garden - councils of the dacha
- Do-it-yourself preparation and use of EM preparations and the fight against colorado - my reviews
- Orchard in Siberia - 6 main rules
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To provide an average family with fruits and berries throughout the year, experts recommend the following composition of the garden: 8 apple trees (including 4 winter and 2 autumn and summer each); 2 pear, quince, plum, apricot, peach and cherry (or cherry) trees, 20-30 grape bushes each; 300 strawberry bushes.
To keep fruit trees healthy and produce high quality yields, most trees require professional care, which consists of pruning and shaping, fertilizing, mulching, watering, pest and disease control technology, and sometimes fruit thinning.