Fluffy varieties of tomatoes or shaggy tomatoes - name and photo
HAIRY TOMATO VARIETIES AND WHAT IS FLUFFY TOMATOES GOOD FOR?
Not all popular varieties and hybrids of pubescent tomatoes are listed here. Among the favorite summer residents are called: Velvet, Red Velvet, Focus Pocus, Elberta Peach (Striped Peach), Red Fluffy Boar, Shaggy Kate, Chinese Velvet, Yellow Target. Apricot, Peach velvet, Fluffy red, Fluffy pink and others.
Tomato, fluffy like a peach? Why not! Breeders have created many such varieties. And now is the time to sow seeds for seedlings for the sake of the experiment.
But why do we need such vegetables that look like fruits?
And what special qualities do they have?
In Russia, hairy tomatoes appeared at the beginning of the century, and the number of varieties and hybrids is constantly increasing, which is not surprising. A little hairiness does not spoil their tomato taste at all - sweet with a slightly noticeable pleasant sourness. The skin without "increased shaggyness", as if made of thin velvet, tender and edible. It is not necessary to peel it, because few people remove the skin from peaches and apricots. The fluff is most pronounced in fruits at the unripe stage of growth, and then noticeably decreases.
Absolutely all varieties of velvet tomatoes, to one degree or another, are characterized by significant advantages indicated in the subheadings.
FLUFFY TOMATOES DO NOT OUTGROW
Seedlings of any pussies, unlike other tomato varieties, are not prone to stretching due to shortened internodes and a relatively low growth rate. This feature has long been noticed and appreciated by experienced vegetable growers. Seedlings in March in the middle lane do not need to be illuminated and can be grown more densely, thickened. In such conditions of slight shading, young plants of even tall varieties, as it should ideally, remain stocky until planted in the ground. What can we say about the "low clicks"!
A striking example is the Shaggy bumblebee variety. Its bushes are standard, with a maximum height of 60 cm. The fruits are bright red, cylindrical, dense, smooth, fleshy, maturing, without voids, weighing about 135 g. They are ready for harvest 100-103 days after germination.
HAIRY TOMATOES DO NOT SUFFER FROM DRought
The hairs on the bushes condense water, it collects under them, then flows down to the roots and moisturizes the plant. In addition, a short "fur" reduces evaporation, reduces the removal of salts from tissues. Under it, an airy layer saturated with moisture is formed, covering the stomata.
That is why such tomatoes tolerate drought better and, even with rare watering, remain juicy for a long time, retain their tomato varietal taste.
One example is the early hybrid F Velvet dude (85-160 days from germination), which does well outdoors in temperate climates. The plant is powerful, medium height (80-120 cm), standard, sprawling. On one brush 4-6 pink-red rounded fruits weighing 90-220 g each.
HAIRY TOMATOES DO NOT FREEZE
Heat-loving tomatoes are not accidentally dressed in a "fur coat". In a sense, soft "plush" protects against a drop in temperature, keeping heat near the plant.
Indicative in this sense is the Velvet Season variety, bred specifically for the Siberian region. The tomato is not afraid of small frosts, it tolerates temperature changes and extreme heat. Adverse weather conditions do not affect the formation of ovaries, fruiting and harvest. The variety is suitable for all regions of the country, regardless of climatic conditions. It grows well in spring greenhouses, tunnels and in open ground.
Producers present the variety as a short, bush 50-60 cm high, with straight and strong stems, but gardeners assure that the bush can be much higher. In any case, the plant is compact, grows well and bears fruit even in a small pot with a capacity of 3 liters.
The first crop of large dark cherry fruits is harvested 95-105 days after germination. The pulp is dense, fleshy, with high sugar content, which can be seen on the break. 3-5 kg of tomatoes weighing 4-5 g or up to 200 kg / sq. are removed from the bush. m, if there are up to 300 plants on this area.
VELVET TOMATOES DO NOT CRACK
The peculiarity of the velvet skin is also that it is dense and elastic, does not crack with abundant watering, overripeness, and heat treatment. Nothing is done to her during transportation, she perfectly protects the tomatoes in storage or in the refrigerator - after being removed from the bush, they lie without flaws for 3-4 weeks. The dense pulp of the “hairy” varieties is not watery, therefore it is not very good for juices, but it is ideal for drying and whole-fruit canning. Most often, fluffies cannot boast of large-fruitedness, alas.
This is exactly what the mid-season Russian variety Scheherazade showed itself to be. It is also cold-resistant, however, it does not tolerate heat well. The plant is powerful, with large strongly pubescent foliage. In open ground it reaches 1 m in height, in a greenhouse it is higher. The bush needs to be formed in 1-3 stems, otherwise the fruits become smaller.
Orange-red tomatoes are round-cylindrical, with a spout, weighing 200-300 g, densely pubescent. The pulp is dense, juicy, sweet, with a bright tomato flavor. Their skin is thick, so they lie well and endure transportation without damage.
HAIRY TOMATOES ARE NOT AFRAID OF PESTS
This property applies, perhaps, to all, without exception, "plush" tomatoes. Insects are very hampered by a dense hairy cover of stems, leaves and fruits. Through it, they cannot reach a possible "lunch".
High resistance to pests is demonstrated by the mid-season variety Phantom of Bulgarian selection. Tall tomatoes reach 2 m and need a garter and pinching. But the harvest is great. Round, pale orange-yellow tomatoes with white strokes weigh 5-60 g. They have a thick coat and dense, fleshy, juicy, sweet, aromatic pulp.
NOT SUBJECT TO DISEASE
These tomatoes have strong immunity. The most obvious effect that gardeners recognize is protection from rot. The more pile on the tomato, the more invulnerable it is to fungal diseases. Sometimes even in October, when the entire crop is harvested, the velvet leaves are still undamaged. Tomato fans on the forums admit that even the harmful phytophthora retreats from the amazing vegetable equipment.
An illustration of this is the mid-late (120-140 days) cold-resistant domestic variety Blue Spruce. Tall bushes under 2 m really resemble Christmas trees, the stems and openwork leaves of which are covered with green-blue and frequent "thorns". Agree, what phytophthora can be on a Christmas tree! Bright red fruits are even, round-flattened, weigh 100-200 g.
VELVET TOMATOES DO NOT DAMAGE THE LANDSCAPE
Ordinary tomato bushes in the open field are not very pleasing to the eye, because their main purpose is to produce a crop. Quite another matter - pussies! They are truly decorative. Especially low varieties that do not require props and garters that worsen the appearance of plants.
Summer residents admit that it is a pity to hide these tomatoes in greenhouses, to grow them in beds among other varieties. But in flower beds they are quite appropriate as an original accent of the composition. In large flowerpots of a mobile garden, they are also good, they can be moved to the entrance to the house, placed on the terrace, near the gazebo.
Such is the Yellow Peach - an early ripe variety (85-95 days). Standard bush, powerful, up to 80 cm. Light yellow, elongated oval, very sweet fruits weighing up to 80 g are collected in brushes of 6-8 pieces. Productivity up to 3 kg per bush.
So far, you can try velvet tomatoes only by growing them yourself, because there are seeds on sale, but you will not find fruits either in the markets or in supermarkets.
They are not grown commercially. It turns out that this is an exclusive available only to amateur vegetable growers.
More on the topic: Fluffy tomatoes (photo) - or tomatoes "with fluff"
FLUFFY TOMATO - VIDEO
© Author: G. ZELENSKAYA
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