ROSES FOR MOSCOW REGION
I'll tell you about the experience of creating a rose garden at my dacha in Vnukovo, in the Moscow region. I became interested in roses as soon as 8 years ago we had a dacha. I studied different experiences of caring for them - both from books and on the advice of experienced gardeners and good friends.
The choice of a place for roses happened by chance - in front of the house in a sunny place, which at noon is slightly covered by a light shadow from an apple tree. But both of these circumstances really liked the roses, which do not roast all day in the sun, but, like true beauties, cover their faces and retain the duration of flowering and the color itself. The flower bed was slightly raised - by 20-30 cm, so that the water does not stagnate.
The variety selection has also changed. At first, I purchased imported flowers and brought them from the Baltics.
Gradually I realized that roses that bloom repeatedly during the summer are more attractive and better suited for a small garden, such as I have on 8 acres. I began to look closely at the local varieties bred in the Moscow region and the surrounding areas. Of course, they are more patient, better adapted to our conditions. And their beauty is also noble.
MULCH FOR MOSCOW ROSES.
This question is very relevant not only for roses, but also for most garden plants. Eliminate hay, straw right away - mice love them too much. But the bark of coniferous trees as a mulch looks very nice. For example, in Europe, almost all flower beds are mulched this way. But it should be noted that the material there is clean, well-treated from all sorts of diseases and infections that pines and spruces are susceptible to.
Roses are grafted and rooted.
The former require special care, careful removal of root growth and reliable shelter for the winter. But they will bloom in the first year.
Own-rooted roses are unpretentious and more hardy, require almost no care, but will bloom only in the 2nd - 3rd year after planting.
Therefore, when arranging such a mulching layer on our own, we must remember the need for careful processing of the bark, needles and cones. The latter, by the way, are very interesting material for garden fantasies.
I feed 2-3 times per season. In addition to ready-made ones, I use green liquid fertilizers from dandelions, nettles, clover. I do not forget to spray roses with copper-containing preparations. In the autumn it is obligatory, and if the summer is rainy, then in the middle of the season.
One of the main problems in caring for roses is how to cover them for the winter. I will not talk about traditional methods (air-dry), which suggest that you live next to roses all the time and at any moment when the weather changes, you can open and cover them. Like many summer residents, I'm leaving for the city in September. I come to the dacha only in emergency cases - little snow, very warm winter, too early spring. Before the onset of frost (in September), I prune, dig in the stems with sand and garden soil by 20-25 cm. Then I put a peg at each rose, to which then (usually at the end of October) I tie a spruce branch with a hut. A wise neighbor suggested her decision: cellophane is tied on top so that it looks like an umbrella.
Last winter, I decided to improve this tried and true method. The spruce, which is sometimes not available, I replaced with non-woven material, which I collected from different places, since it is now often used as a household packaging material. I tied the bushes with such material in two layers, not forgetting about the cellophane umbrella.
To hold the snow and strengthen the snow blanket between the roses, I laid out the old branches of forest trees without bark. In the spring, at the end of March, I checked all the shelters.
In April, I slowly began to dig out mounds, then gradually open roses. All 17 roses (bush, hybrid tea, floribunda) survived the winter safely. Only one, the Polish selection, took a long time to recover and gave the first leaves as early as June. But already in July it bloomed luxuriantly on strong stems.
I think the experiment went well. But with a little snowy winter, which is expected this year, the shelter will have to be strengthened. There is more of everything - and an earthen mound, and mulch, and branches, and non-woven "quilts".
Reference by topic: If the roses after wintering under shelter fell ill - “got wet”
ROSES IN THE MOSCOW REGION - WITH AND WITHOUT SHELTER: VIDEO
© Author: Yanina Podniece Moscow region
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