GROWING CUCUMBERS AT HOME
Imagine that even 2 thousand years ago in China, cucumbers were grown not only in summer, but also in off-season, using artificial shelters. One plant bore fruit for an unusually long time, one and a half years! This, of course, is a rare case, but anyone can plant a cucumber in a room in winter, subject to certain rules. Let's talk about them.
For the earliest plantings on a windowsill 1 m long, place no more than 5-3 plants, select hybrids that can grow and bear fruit despite the short day. In central Russia, from February 4-20, parthenocarpic (growing without pollination) hybrids F25 Dorothea, Module, bee-pollinated tuberculate hybrids F Manul, Restafeta, TSHA-1, TSHA-28, TSHA-575 can be sown in a room without additional illumination. However, it does not hurt to plant a pollinator, such as Gladiator (produces male and female flowers). Pollinate bee-pollinated hybrids by hand: pick a newly blossomed male flower, tear off the corolla petals from it and touch the female flowers with stamens. One male flower can pollinate 2683-2 female flowers, so it is enough to have one pollinator plant.
A little later (March 1-10), in addition to the already named parthenocarpic hybrids F1 TSHA 442 and Senator y with tuberculate fruits 14-20 cm long, can be sown.
From March 10-20, start sowing cucumber hybrids of the spring-summer ecotype: Mazai, Finist, Buyan, Virenta, Regina-plus, Arina, Zozulya, April.
Reference by topic: Cucumbers in the home (self-pollinated hybrids)
HOW TO CREATE THE NECESSARY MICROCLIMATE FOR CUCUMBERS ON THE WINDOWSILL?
Seal all the cracks on the frame, and cover the window with plastic wrap so that when airing, direct cold air does not fall on the plants. It is useful to isolate the window sill from the room by hanging a reflective (mirror) film. It will improve the illumination of plants and can help regulate the temperature by directing warm air from the battery, slightly open or, conversely, press the film to the windowsill.
Cucumbers grow well and bear fruit at high humidity, and the apartment is usually dry. On sunny days, you need to periodically moisten the cucumber leaves with water from a sprayer with a fine spray, put water containers on the windowsill.
We recommend planting the plant in a five-liter pot. Otherwise, you have to water and feed more often, the soil dries out quickly, which the cucumber can hardly tolerate. Note: in the summer in greenhouses during fruiting in sunny weather, one cucumber plant consumes up to 6-8 liters of water per day. But not only soil drought, but also excessive waterlogging of the soil causes the death of the roots and reduces the yield.
At the bottom of flowerpots, boxes or double plastic bags in which cucumbers are grown, put drainage (pebbles, shards, expanded clay) in a small layer, fill them with loose, fertile, non-acidic soil, without adding three fingers to the top edge. For 10 liters of substrate: 2 tbsp. spoons of Crystalline or nitrophoska, 1 teaspoon of magnesium sulfate.
During the fruiting period, once every 1-2 weeks, top dressing combined with watering is needed. Dissolve two teaspoons of Crystallin or nitrophoska in three liters of water, 1 to 2 cups per plant. If growth slows down or the first signs of a lighter leaf color appear, increase top dressing to 3-4 cups per plant. You can water and feed cucumbers much less often if you add agrogel to the soil - a long-acting moisture-retaining fertilizer.
Stretch the wire over the window to which you tie the twine. Wrap the cucumber stem around the twine as it grows.
When sowing at the earliest possible time, remove side shoots and female flowers in the lower 4-6 nodes of the whip, pinch the side shoots at subsequent nodes over the 1-2nd leaf, and in the upper part of the whip - over the 2-4th.
When the top reaches the trellis, carefully wrap it 2-3 times around the wire, release it down and pinch it after growing 30-50 cm. In parthenocarpic hybrids sown in later spring, and in bee-pollinated hybrids in the summer-autumn culture, only the lower 3-4 knots of the whip should be completely blinded, then formed as described above.
The plant has grown to a trellis - you can lower the twine to half the height of the window, carefully laying the lower part of the stem on the windowsill, before that, remove the leaves and side shoots. You can also lower the cucumber lash if fruiting is over or not due to too early sowing. Form the regrown stem as usual. This is a rejuvenation technique, after which everything will start again.
We do not recommend growing cucumbers on open balconies in large cities, especially in houses located near highways: greens will accumulate heavy metals.
© Author: O. Krylov, breeder
EARLY CUCUMBERS ON THE VERANDA
It’s already my custom that every year I sow cucumbers at home so that by Easter and the May holidays I can pick at least two or three greens for salad.
I have been preparing the land since autumn. Despite the fact that we have rich black soil, I add a half-liter jar of ash, a liter jar of well-rotted manure, and a scoop of sand to a bucket of soil. I mix and fall asleep in flower pots.
Chose hybrid F1 April. Any seeds germinate faster, and the yield is higher if they are soaked, and then wrapped in damp gauze and placed in a warm place. Make sure that the gauze with seeds does not dry out, for this place it in a bag.
I plant the nipped seeds in three pieces in a flower pot in mid-February. Shoots will appear, I choose the two best, and pinch one. So that the plants do not stretch out, I put them in a room where it is cooler for a whole week. When 3-4 leaves grow, I substitute wooden ladders to the pot. Let the plants grow in the room.
With the advent of cucumbers, I take them out to the sunny veranda. The window is covered with wire mesh, for which, clinging with mustaches, cucumber lashes are attached. One or two pots on the windowsill look beautiful: the whole window is covered with vines with cucumbers.
I tried to treat cucumber seeds before sowing with a growth regulator. The result is good.
If the days are dark, do not forget about the backlight. Fresh cucumber for May - what could be nicer!
© Author: M. Dyachenko Belgorod region.
Reference by topic: Growing cucumbers at home - suitable varieties and personal experience
CUCUMBERS ON THE BALCONY IN A BOTTLE - GROWING TECHNOLOGY
Below other entries on the topic "Dacha and garden - with their own hands"
- Cucumber conveyor or the gradual cultivation of cucumbers
- Cultivation of cucumbers in "waves" - the choice of varieties for the cucumber conveyor
- Early tomatoes and cucumbers by 8 March
- Cultivation of cucumbers in Siberia: from May to October
- Cucumbers seedlings in a manure bed
- Dark beds for cucumbers own hands
- Cultivation of cucumbers - rules and whims
- Combating the peronosporosis of cucumbers - a memo to the summer resident
- Growing cucumbers in the Vladimir region - planting and care
- Reproduction of cucumbers by cuttings
Subscribe to updates in our groups and share.
Let's be friends!